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Japan NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Thu, 13 Dec 2018 14:30:31 GMTGoogle News
Japan opens the door to more foreigners. That may not solve its labor woes  CNBC

Japan's newly loosened immigration rules are a step in the right direction, but they may still be insufficient to mitigate the nation's dwindling workforce, ...

With eyes on China and Trump, Japan to invest in 'aircraft carrier,' F-35 fighters  The Washington Post

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is pushing Japan to respond to the threat from China, but his efforts are controversial.

The Washington Post
Japan selects symbol meaning 'disaster' to define 2018  Evening Standard

Japan has chosen the symbol meaning "disaster" to define the year 2018 after floods, earthquakes and typhoons hit the country. The announcement was ...

Evening Standard
Record 73% of Japan's college students participated in 'internship' programs  The Japan Times

A record 72.8 percent of college students in Japan have participated in corporate internship programs, a recent survey by Mynavi Corp. has found. The inter.

The Japan Times
Japan's new defense guidelines will outline plans for more cohesive and flexible 'multidimensional' force  The Japan Times

Japan plans to call for the building of “multidimensional” defense capabilities in the next version of its national defense plan amid security challenges in new ...

The Japan Times
Why Japan Needs Criminal-Justice Reform  Bloomberg

Carlos Ghosn's arrest is a reminder that the nation's legal system is designed to coerce confessions, not maintain rule of law.

2 More Medical Schools in Japan Have Admitted to Discriminating Against Women  TIME

Two more medical schools in Japan have admitted to systematic discrimination against female students this week, the latest institutional scandal to hit the ...

It's official: Japan enjoys its second-longest postwar expansion  Nikkei Asian Review

TOKYO -- Japan's Cabinet Office has confirmed that the Japanese economy expanded for a 58th consecutive month in September 2017, marking the second-lo.

Nikkei Asian Review
Photos from Japan space rovers show rocky asteroid surface  ABC News

Japan's space agency says more than 200 photos taken by two small rovers on an asteroid show no signs of a smooth area for the planned touchdown of a ...

ABC News
Japan's Self-Defense Forces consider all-female training units to accommodate growing recruit numbers  Stars and Stripes

CAMP FOSTER, Okinawa — Japan's Self-Defense Forces are considering new female training units to accommodate an influx of female recruits that is expected ...

Stars and Stripes
Japan picks the character for 'disaster' to define 2018  The Telegraph

Japan has chosen the character for 'disaster' to symbolise 2018.

The Telegraph
Scientists think this exotic fish hitchhiked from Japan to California in tsunami debris  CNN

Divers swimming in the cold, murky waters of Monterey Bay, California, say they've spotted a mysterious fish that's a long way from home. It's called a barred ...

Coach Moriyasu goes with youth in Japan squad for Asian Cup  The News Tribune

Southampton's Maya Yoshida and Salzburg's Takumi Minamino have been included in a Japan squad that will be missing Shinji Okazaki and Shinji Kagawa at ...

The News Tribune
Marine from New York identified as one of five killed in Japan plane crash  CNYcentral.com

TOKYO (AP) — The U. S. military has identified five Marines who were declared dead after their refueling plane collided with a fighter jet last week off Japan's ...

Europe and Japan’s Cheese-for-Cars Trade Deal to Launch Next Year  The Wall Street Journal

European Union lawmakers capped a two-year sprint to seal an economic partnership agreement with Japan, highlighting the U.S. allies' urgency in reacting to ...

The Wall Street Journal
Japan moves forward on F-35 buy, aircraft carrier transformation  Military Times

Japan said the carrier capability is necessary to meet emerging threats from China.

Military Times
Why Shinzo Abe faces an uphill battle to revise Japan’s constitution  The Washington Post

Japan's ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) last week abandoned its widely anticipated plan to present a formal proposal to revise the 1947 constitution to the ...

The Washington Post
Travel alert as Japan struggles to contain outbreak of rubella  The Telegraph

More than 2000 people in Japan have been diagnosed with rubella, or German measles, the worst outbreak in five years, prompting warnings to visitors ...

The Telegraph
Here's What Happens When You Fly to Japan With No Idea What You're Going To Do  Jalopnik

The idea was simple: Two Irish drift fanatics would fly from Ireland, following an Irish drift car over to Japan and document it competing in the home of drifting.

Epic Games Korea Apologies To Fortnite Fans For Sea Of Japan Kerfuffle  Kotaku

In much of the world, the body of water between Japan and the Koreas, China, and Russia is known as the Sea of Japan. In South Korea, it is not.

Japan's Bet on Adaptive Reuse to Alleviate an Emerging Housing Crisis  ArchDaily

Many architects around the globe have utilized abandoned structures and transformed them into architectural marvels for both civic and domestic purposes.

“I spoke out because someone had to” Japan’s face of the #MeToo movement  Economic Times

Yamaguchi, a former Washington bureau chief for Tokyo Broadcasting System and someone considered close to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, was acquitted of ...

Economic Times
Japan moves to keep Huawei out of power grids and railways  Nikkei Asian Review

TOKYO -- The Japanese government will call on businesses and other organizations handling key infrastructure in 14 sectors to avoid buying c.

Nikkei Asian Review
Huawei Freezes Orders From Japan Supplier After CFO Arrest  Bloomberg

The surprise arrest of Huawei Technologies Co.'s Chief Financial Officer Meng Wanzhou is about to impact one of the Chinese company's suppliers in Japan.

The Art of Protecting Japan's 'Perfect Orchid'  Atlas Obscura

Sometimes, it seems like orchids are the snowflakes of the botany world. Though these flowers bear some similarities—all of them poised in their fragility and ...

Atlas Obscura
The viral Twitter account celebrating Japan's mascot culture  CNN

The Twitter account Mondo Mascots has become the space for celebrating cute Japanese mascots, where more than 50000 followers obsess over the most ...

Illinois Marine among those missing, declared dead after Japan crash  Chicago Tribune

Cpl. Daniel Baker, 21, a young Marine from Tremont, Illinois, was among those missing and declared dead after two aircraft crashed in Japan last week.

Chicago Tribune
​HondaJet Elite receives Japan certification  Flightglobal

The Honda Aircraft HA-420 HondaJet Elite has received type certification from the Japan Civil Aviation Bureau (JCAB), clearing the way for light twin to operate ...

Aging Japan: Dementia puts financial assets of the elderly at risk  ABS-CBN News

Dementia has been diagnosed in more than 5 million Japanese. The government estimates that number will increase to 7 million to 8 million, or 6 to 7 percent of ...

More seniors, more foreigners: How Japan is changing  BBC News

The quickly ageing nation faces huge gaps in the workforce. Now, it's taking historic steps to lower barriers for foreigners in a place that's long been resistant to ...

BBC News
Japan's awakening  DatacenterDynamics

Japan has long maintained its traditions, in culture and in business, keeping its data center *service* market sheltered from the rest of the world. But a changing ...

Japan-EU trade pact to take effect Feb. 1  Nikkei Asian Review

BRUSSELS -- The European Union approved an economic partnership agreement with Japan on Wednesday, firming up a Feb. 1 launch for the massive free ...

Nikkei Asian Review
Japan rules out asking private firms to avoid telecoms gear that could be malicious  Reuters

Japan's government has no plan to ask private companies to avoid buying telecommunications equipment that could have malicious functions, such as ...

The Nose Has It: Japan Debuts Next-Generation Bullet Train, Top Speed 224 Mph  Fortune

Ever since the advent of high-speed trains in Japan in 1964, countries have taken pride in touting their even-higher-speed trains. The record-holder for ...

Japan needs immigrants, but do immigrants need Japan?  CNN

As Japan's population gets older and smaller, the government is struggling to balance its own deeply conservative views on immigration with the need for new ...

Researchers: 60% of Japan's beaches may disappear  NHK WORLD

Researchers say up to 60 percent of sandy beaches in Japan could disappear by the end of this century because of rising sea levels brought by global warming.

First Trial in Japan: NIPPON Platform Partners with NETS to Enable NETS QR Payments in Japan  Associated Press

TOKYO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Dec 13, 2018--“Making Japan into cashless society” is the motto for NIPPON Platform which provides various cashless solutions, ...

Associated Press
1 of 5 Marines Killed in Crash Off Japan Was From Illinois  NBC Chicago

One of five missing Marines declared dead after their refueling plane collided with a fighter jet last week off Japan's southern coast was from central Illinois.

NBC Chicago
Japan's SoftBank to replace Huawei equipment, Nikkei reports  CNBC

Japanese mobile carrier SoftBank will be replacing hardware from Huawei Technologies in its 4G telecommunications network infrastructure in the next few ...

Japanese Medical School Apologizes for Legacy Admissions  Inside Higher Ed

The head of a Japanese medical school apologized for giving preference in admissions decisions to children of alumni, The Japan Times reported.

Inside Higher Ed
Japan effectively bans China’s Huawei and ZTE from government contracts, joining U.S.  The Washington Post

TOKYO — Japan's government issued instructions Monday effectively banning China's Huawei and ZTE from official contracts, while the country's top three ...

The Washington Post
Japan Is Dumping the F-4 Phantom for the F-35 (And It's a Big Deal)  The National Interest Online

Japan is preparing to phase out its nearly half-century-old, Japanese-built F-4EJs. They will be replaced by the F-35A, the land-based version of the Lightning II ...

The National Interest Online
Japan's Crown Princess says she's 'insecure' about becoming Empress  CNN

Tokyo (CNN) Japan's Crown Princess Masako has said she feels "insecure" about assuming the role of empress next year amid an ongoing battle with ...

Japan's potential buy of 100 more F-35s would have big international significance  DefenseNews.com

Japan is reportedly looking to buy the F-35B short-takeoff-and-vertical-landing model, which would allow it to operate from ships and send a message to China.

'This is Japan': English name of Tokyo train station triggers backlash  The Telegraph

A row has broken out among Tokyo residents over the name of the city's newest railway station, largely because it includes the English-language word ...

The Telegraph
Japanese prosecutors indict former Nissan chairman on charges of underreporting pay, effectively extend his detention  The Washington Post

TOKYO — Japanese prosecutors indicted former Nissan chairman Carlos Ghosn on Monday on a charge of underreporting his pay in securities reports, while ...

The Washington Post
Japan's two Aegis Ashore anti-missile candidate sites run into local opposition  The Japan Times

Located in northwestern Honshu on the Sea of Japan coast, Akita Prefecture has long been thought of in Tokyo and especially western Japan as remote — part.

The Japan Times
Japanese winner of L'Oreal-UNESCO award for female scientists looks to reshape materials research  The Japan Times

From a young age, Dr. Yukiko Ogawa knew she wanted to become a scientist. Growing up in Komaki, Aichi Prefecture, she would spend hours after school ...

The Japan Times
Watch MAMA Fans' Choice Japan Performances: BTS, Stray Kids, Monsta X & More  Billboard

K-pop groups including BTS, Stray Kids, Monsta X, Wanna One, IZ*ONE, TWICE, NU'EST, and MAMAMOO treated audiences to their catchiest jams at MAMA ...

Tokyo court rejects Carlos Ghosn's complaint about his month-long detention  CNN

Hong Kong (CNN Business) A Japanese court has rejected a complaint filed by former Nissan Chairman Carlos Ghosn over a decision to extend his three-week ...

Five U.S. Marines Missing in Aircraft Accident Off Japan  The New York Times

HONG KONG — Five United States Marines were missing and two have been found after two aircraft crashed off the coast of Japan early Thursday, the Marine ...

The New York Times
Japan's most beautiful ryokans invite you to do absolutely nothing  CNN

A ryokan, a traditional Japanese guesthouse, encourages you to do nothing but relax and be. Here are Japan's most beautiful ryokans.

Is Japan's New Defense Plan Ambitious Enough?  War on the Rocks

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan may have the clearest strategic vision of any world leader facing China today. In his first National Security.

War on the Rocks
Japan said to plan to bar Huawei, ZTE from government procurement contracts  CNBC

Japan plans to ban government purchases of equipment from China's Huawei Technologies and ZTE, a person with direct knowledge and a person briefed on ...

Japan's Juntendo University admits rigging interviews to keep women out  ABC News

Juntendo University is the latest school to admit it made entrance interviews harder for women to pass, saying it was because females were more mature and ...

ABC News
Japan has so many vacant homes it's giving them away  CNN

The series on Japan's demographic reckoning is supported by the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting. None of the material in this series may be reproduced ...

Facing Critical Labor Shortage, Japan Opens Door Wider To Foreign Workers  NPR

Japanese lawmakers have passed controversial legislation expanding the number of semi-skilled foreign workers who can live and work in the notably insular ...

Japan's military sees record spending, aims to buy more U.S. arms: Nikkei  Reuters

Japan's military looks to raise spending over the next five years in response to security challenges and to narrow Japan's trade surplus with the United States by ...

Japan’s Immigration Harbinger  The Wall Street Journal

The famously insular nation is admitting more foreign workers.

The Wall Street Journal
UN adopts Japan's anti-nuke resolution but US abstains  The Japan Times

The U.N. General Assembly endorsed a Japanese anti-nuclear resolution by a wide margin on Wednesday, but the United States abstained in a shift of position.

The Japan Times
Excerpt: Rare World War II maps reveal Japan's Pearl Harbor strategy  National Geographic

On December 7, 1941, Japanese forces attacked Pearl Harbor. Maps, both historic and newly created by National Geographic, yield new insights into the full ...

National Geographic
Want a free country house in Japan? They're giving them away  CNBC

Japan has an increasing number of vacant homes — a problem that's set to persist because of an aging and shrinking population that has left many towns and ...

Japan’s Sansan raises $26.5M to help Southeast Asia get more from business cards  TechCrunch

The humble business card is a target for disruption in Southeast Asia after Japanese contacts management startup Sansan raised JPY 3 billion ($26.5 million) to ...

How Japan's Kamikaze Attacks Went From Last Resort at Pearl Harbor to WWII Strategy  History

Not until nearly three years after the bombing of Pearl Harbor did Japan adopt suicide aerial attacks as official military strategy.

Why Is Japan Still So Attached to Paper?  The New York Times

Washi is to the Japanese something like what wine is to the French — a national obsession and point of pride.

The New York Times
Why Japan's giving out free homes, and how you can get one  Mashable

Ever dreamed about moving to Japan? The prospect is more enticing than ever because Japan is giving out homes for free, or at a very low price. It may sound ...

Japanese acquisition officials reveal next steps in search for advanced fighter jet  DefenseNews.com

TOKYO — Japan is pushing ahead with research and development into advanced fighter jet technology, despite uncertainty over its acquisition strategy for a ...

How Japan's corporate culture allows corrupt CEOs to win  CNN

The nation has seen a flurry of corporate scandals in recent years, most recently with Carlos Ghosn at Nissan. That's thanks to its corporate culture, which makes ...

Japan mass killing: Six bodies found at house in mountain town  CNN

Tokyo (CNN) Authorities have discovered the bodies of six people, including a 7-year-old girl, at a house in the Japanese town of Takachiho, a popular ...

WeChat e-wallet teams up with Line to target Japan’s 7M Chinese tourists  TechCrunch

China's biggest chat app WeChat is set to make its payments *service* more ubiquitous in Japan, a popular outbound destination for Chinese tourists. On Tuesday ...

Facing Tensions Close to Home, Japan’s Abe Cements Alliance with Australia  The New York Times

TOKYO — When Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan traveled to Darwin, Australia, on Friday and joined his Australian counterpart, Scott Morrison, to lay ...

The New York Times
Japan's police cells evolving to meet changing demographics  The Japan Times

Police holding cells, where those who have been arrested spend time until they are formally charged with a crime, are beginning to evolve as awareness grow.

The Japan Times
Managing the G20's relevance: Japan's presidential agenda  The Japan Times

Japan must strive to establish a framework for strong, sustainable global growth when it holds the G20 presidency next year.

The Japan Times
6000 cryptocurrency laundering cases reported to Japanese police from January to October  The Japan Times

Nearly 6000 cases of suspected money laundering linked to cryptocurrency were reported to police in the January to October period, National Police Agency.

The Japan Times
Japan's Economic Outlook in Five Charts  International Monetary Fund

Japan has had an extended period of strong economic growth. On the policy front, six years of “Abenomics” saw lower fiscal deficits, near-record unemployment, ...

International Monetary Fund
Japan’s struggle with a rising China  Financial Times

Shinzo Abe will reduce tensions if he can but the Asian superpower is a potent threat.

Financial Times
Why are Japan’s public prosecutors so powerful?  The Economist

THE ARREST of Carlos Ghosn, Nissan's recently ousted chairman, on charges of financial misconduct has exposed Japan's judicial system to global scrutiny.

The Economist
Japan to get first aircraft carrier since second world war amid China concerns  The Guardian

Tokyo will upgrade helicopter carriers, a move critics say violates constitutional commitment to defensive role.

The Guardian
Japan to host first PGA Tour event in 2019 with space billionaire's backing  CNN

Japan is set to host its first ever PGA Tour event after signing a six-year deal with fashion website Zozotown.

Japan's Last Remaining Pager Service Is Officially Calling It Quits  Gizmodo

The heyday of the pager is long since over, but the devices themselves have continued to be used for specialized purposes like search-and-rescue teams and ...

Tohoku Emotion: Japan's scenic fine-dining restaurant train  CNN

On Japan's Tohoku Emotion train, passengers can enjoy fine dining and some of the country's most incredible sea views.

Minister in Charge of Japan’s Cybersecurity Says He Has Never Used a Computer  The New York Times

Yoshitaka Sakurada appeared not to know what a USB drive was, and told lawmakers that when it was necessary to use a computer, “I order my employees or ...

The New York Times
Japan’s National Security Council at five  Brookings Institution

On 4 December 2018, Japan's National Security Council (NSC) marks its fifth anniversary. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's administration established the NSC after ...

Brookings Institution
'Comfort women': anger as Japan paper alters description of WWII terms  The Guardian

Change prompts concern that country's media is trying to rewrite wartime history under rightwing pressure.

The Guardian
Turning the page on an era: Pager services to end in Japan after 50 years  The Japan Times

Japan will soon be out of pagers after its only provider said Monday it will terminate the *service* next September, with the device — first introduced half.

The Japan Times
Japan's final pager provider to end its service in 2019  BBC News

Japan's last pager provider has announced it will end its *service* in September 2019 - bringing a national end to telecommunication beepers, 50 years after their ...

BBC News
Japan Is Giving Away 8 Million Abandoned Houses — Here's How to Get One  Travel+Leisure

The Japanese government is launching a program to reduce the number of abandoned homes across the country by offering them for sale for nearly nothing.

A New Japanese Marketplace Opens in Brooklyn  The New York Times

Japan Village can claim the title of food anchor for the collection of enterprises that have settled into the Industry City development in Sunset Park, Brooklyn.

The New York Times
Takeda’s acquisition of Shire is Japan’s biggest-ever foreign takeover  The Economist

AS BEFITS A deal in the medical industry, this one has been rather hard to swallow. But on December 5th, eight months after Takeda, Japan's largest ...

The Economist
Where's Carlos? Ghosn to Face Japan's Legal System: QuickTake  Bloomberg

Carlos Ghosn, the deposed chairman of Nissan Motor Co., finds himself in the throes of a legal system renowned for having one of the world's highest criminal ...

Ikumen: How Japan's 'hunky dads' are changing parenting  BBC News

A government programme has tried to make fatherhood cool and sexy. Has it succeeded?

BBC News
Japan's spiritual home of rugby can't wait to host World Cup  The Guardian

As the Brave Blossoms face England at Twickenham, their stunning 34-32 victory over South Africa at the last World Cup is still *fresh* in Japanese minds.

The Guardian
EU trade commissioner expresses support for Japan's goal to reform WTO  The Japan Times

European Commissioner for Trade Cecilia Malmstrom says she will support Japan's efforts to reform the World Trade Organization when the Group of 20 meets ...

The Japan Times
Climate change creates mutant fugu, hybrid versions of a deadly Japanese delicacy  The Japan Times

The road, hemmed in on one side by empty warehouses and the other by a concrete seawall, ends abruptly in a desolate parking lot. Men step out of their car.

The Japan Times
Japan’s Financial Regulator to Introduce New ICO Regulations  Cointelegraph

News. Japan's financial regulator is set to introduce new Initial Coin Offering (ICO) regulations to protect investors from fraud, local news outlet Jiji Press ...

Curious cats bring fame to Japanese museum that won't let them in  The Guardian

Two cats that have spent the past two years trying to enter an art museum in western Japan – only to be politely turned away at the door – have become online ...

The Guardian
Japan’s Economy Hit by Natural Disasters and Trade Frictions  The New York Times

TOKYO — Japan's economy contracted more than expected in the third quarter, hit by natural disasters and a decline in exports, a worrying sign that trade ...

The New York Times
Not So Big in Japan: Apple Cuts Price of iPhone XR to Boost Sales  The Wall Street Journal

Less than a month after releasing the iPhone XR, Apple is moving to offer subsidies to mobile-network operators in Japan to shore up sales of its least expensive ...

The Wall Street Journal
Japanese Shipping Line Develops Digital Cash for Crew  Bloomberg

Nippon Yusen K.K., Japan's largest shipping line by sales, is introducing its own digital currency for crew members, people with knowledge of the matter said.

8K is now being broadcast in Japan  Newsshooter

8K is now being broadcast in Japan. Japanese broadcaster NHK today started broadcasting 8K on a permanent basis. NHK collectively refers to 4K / 8K as.


Japan Videos

Famous Dex - Japan (Prod. JGramm) [Official Lyric Video]
Famous Dex - Japan (Prod. JGramm) [Official Lyric Video]
Travis Japan【命がけ極限クイズ】全員正解するまでジェットコースター降りれません!
Travis Japan【命がけ極限クイズ】全員正解するまでジェットコースター降りれません!
Shawn Mendes, Zedd - Lost In Japan (Original + Remix)
Shawn Mendes, Zedd - Lost In Japan (Original + Remix)
12 Things NOT to do in Japan
12 Things NOT to do in Japan
Brunch at 7-ELEVEN VS LAWSON in Tokyo Japan
Brunch at 7-ELEVEN VS LAWSON in Tokyo Japan
The Rules that Rule Japan
The Rules that Rule Japan
ऐसे  20 काम जो हमें जापान से सीखने चाहिए 20 THINGS ONLY HAPPEN IN JAPAN
ऐसे 20 काम जो हमें जापान से सीखने चाहिए 20 THINGS ONLY HAPPEN IN JAPAN
[2018MAMA x M2] 방탄소년단(BTS) Ending Finale Self Camera in JAPAN
[2018MAMA x M2] 방탄소년단(BTS) Ending Finale Self Camera in JAPAN
This is what it’s like to work in Japan// Girl Abroad Ep. 1
This is what it’s like to work in Japan// Girl Abroad Ep. 1
Famous Dex - Japan [Official NRG Video]
Famous Dex - Japan [Official NRG Video]

Japan Images

Japan International Cooperation Agency
Japan International Cooperation Agency
mountain, snow, trees, leaves, fujiam, lake, sky, autumn ...
mountain, snow, trees, leaves, fujiam, lake, sky, autumn ...
Embassy of Japan in India
Embassy of Japan in India
Bunny Island GIFs on Giphy
Bunny Island GIFs on Giphy
再発見!いやしの歌姫・天地真理 ☆ Mari Amachi(Japan)☆
再発見!いやしの歌姫・天地真理 ☆ Mari Amachi(Japan)☆
秋 | 四季風景 | 兼六園
秋 | 四季風景 | 兼六園
扭蛋機大隊 @ TOMOTOMOの「SAKAI太太~日本発」 :: 隨意窩 Xuite日誌
扭蛋機大隊 @ TOMOTOMOの「SAKAI太太~日本発」 :: 隨意窩 Xuite日誌
永田鉄山(拡大写真) | 近代日本人の肖像
永田鉄山(拡大写真) | 近代日本人の肖像
Art gallery Marc Driessens
Art gallery Marc Driessens

Japan WebSites


Japan Wiki

Japan (Japanese: 日本; Nippon [ɲippoɴ] or Nihon [ɲihoɴ]; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.The kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and often are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one. The population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest. Japanese make up 98.5% of Japan's total population. About 13.8 million people live in Tokyo, the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people.Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other regions, mainly China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history.From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, which was ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism. The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation by the SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8 and the G20 – and is considered a great power. The country has the world's third-largest economy by nominal GDP and the world's fourth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It is also the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer.The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most highly educated countries in the world, with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Although Japan has officially renounced its right to declare war, it maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. It ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful military in 2015. Japan is a highly developed country with a very high standard of living and Human Development Index. Its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and the third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, anime, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern-day technology.