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Brazil NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Fri, 15 Feb 2019 21:12:55 GMTGoogle News
Neymar news: Brazil star must win internationally in order to reach level of Pele says Mourinho  Goal.com

Neymar will have to reached the pinnacle of success with Brazil before he can compare to Pele and other Selecao legends, according to Jose Mourinho.

An Icy Superhighway Once Carried Glaciers From Namibia to Brazil  The New York Times

Namibia is famed for its deserts, including the world's oldest, a vast expanse of undulating, scorched sand dunes occasionally visited by an ethereal fog.

The New York Times
Brazil's a Constructive Story for Latin America, JPM's Santos Says  Bloomberg

In "Single Best Chart," Gabriela Santos, global market strategist at JPMorgan Asset Management, examines the state of Brazil's stock market and the crisis in ...

Brazil's indigenous groups decry Bolsonaro's escalating attacks  Aljazeera.com

Report finds Brazil's indigenous communities are facing growing attacks, threats and land grabs under the new president.

Trade Talks, U.S. Pay Gains, Brazil Pensions: Eco Day  Bloomberg

Happy Friday, Americas. Here's the latest news and analysis from Bloomberg Economics to help get your day started.

Brazilian Airlines Rally on Back of Avianca Brasil Troubles  Bloomberg

The sadness of some is the happiness of others. The Brazilian saying seems to apply perfectly to the current scenario for airlines that operate in the South ...

Onovolab Drives Multimillion-Dollar Plan To Expand Innovation Network In Brazil  Forbes

Independent innovation network Onovolab is driving a multimillion-dollar expansion of its co-creation centers across Brazil while attracting a flurry of corporate ...

VIDEO: Lucas Moura discusses Brazil's political situation  Goal.com

Tottenham midfielder Lucas Moura says concern for his country led him to support Jair Bolsonaro in the 2018 Brazilian presidential election.

Brazil’s most famous graft-buster, Sérgio Moro, is now justice minister  The Economist

HE IS ONLY ten minutes late, which by the norms of Brazil's capital amounts to being early. Yet Sérgio Moro apologises profusely, explaining that he was called ...

The Economist
Invaded Uru-eu-wau-wau indigenous reserve awaits relief by Brazil’s new government  Mongabay.com

On January 12, Brazil's Uru-eu-wau-wau Indigenous Reserve in Rondônia state, which covers 1.8 million hectares (1.1 million square miles) and includes ...

Exclusive: Portugal government sees Elliott's plan for EDP Brazil as 'unfortunate'  Reuters

Activist investor Elliott's plan for EDP-Energias de Portugal to sell its Brazilian operations is unfortunate as it would mean leaving a fast-growing market, ...

Global commodity traders to monitor deforestation in Brazil's savannah  CNBC

BRASILIA, Feb 15- Six major commodities traders, including Cargill Inc and Bunge Ltd, have agreed to a common mechanism to monitor soybean supply chains ...

8 employees of Brazil’s Vale arrested over dam collapse  Toronto Star

SAO PAULO - Eight employees of Brazilian mining giant Vale have been arrested in connection with the investigation into last month's collapse of a mining dam ...

Toronto Star
Brazil environment minister's dismissal of slain Amazon defender stirs outrage  The Guardian

Ricardo Salles' comments fuel criticism of administration's stance, which environmentalists say is excessively pro-business. Reuters in Sāo Paulo. Tue 12 Feb ...

The Guardian
China imposes anti-dumping tariffs on Brazilian chicken  Channel NewsAsia

Frozen chicken products are seen in a freezer at a supermarket in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil during an inspection by the state's consumer protection agency, ...

Channel NewsAsia
Brazil's New Government Is Promising Wall Street The Moon  Forbes

Brazil is super-great right now. If you're an investor. It's been four weeks since the inauguration of Jair Bolsonaro as Brazil's new president, and here's just some ...

Dorm Fire Kills 10 Young Players in Brazil, Sending Shudder Through Soccer World  The New York Times

RIO DE JANEIRO — Fire consumed a dormitory early Friday at a Brazilian training center for teenage soccer players run by one of South America's most ...

The New York Times
Brazil's BTG Pactual names former finance minister as partner  Reuters

Brazilian investment banking Banco BTG Pactual SA said on Friday former Finance Minister Eduardo Guardia would become chief executive and partner at its ...

Movement-Driven Development: The Politics of Health and Democracy in Brazil by Christopher L. Gibson | Pragmatic Public Activism  Stanford Social Innovation Review

New scholarship on Brazil's fight for universal health care strikes an optimistic note but is already eclipsed by rapid political change. share; comment; download ...

Stanford Social Innovation Review
Venomous yellow scorpions are moving into Brazil's big cities – and the infestation may be unstoppable  The Conversation - US

Brazil's scorpion infestation, which is terrorizing residents of São Paulo and other major cities, is a classic 'wicked problem.' That means officials must think ...

The Conversation - US
South32 calls for industry response to Brazil mining disaster  Financial Times

South32 chief executive Graham Kerr has called for “meaningful action” across the mining industry in response to a deadly accident in Brazil that is likely to have ...

Financial Times
How Brazil's indigenous youth use YouTube to celebrate their cultures (2/2)  FRANCE 24

Follow international news through our Observers' amateur images and eyewitness testimony. All the *content* is verified and explained by our journalists.

EMERGING MARKETS-Brazil's real buoyed by pension reform proposal; stocks dip  Reuters

By Agamoni Ghosh Feb 15 (Reuters) - Latin American currencies were mixed on Friday with the Mexican peso slipping against a strong dollar but Brazil's real ...

Hedge Funds Take the Lead in Betting on New Brazil Rate Cuts  BloombergQuint

(Bloomberg) -- Brazilian hedge funds are starting to bet that the combination of subdued inflation, a slow recovery and prospects the government will succeed in ...

2019 Copa America Betting Odds: Brazil and Argentina Early Favorites  The Action Network

Find out odds to win the 2019 Copa America for all 12 teams, and which country could be providing value as a longshot contender.

The Action Network
Brazil's Safras cuts soy estimate slightly, weather stops worsening  Reuters

Brazilian agribusiness consultancy Safras & Mercado announced a small cut in its projection for the country's 2018/2019 soybean crop in a statement on Friday, ...

Brazil At Risk Of Losing Status Of Measles-Free Country  Folha de S.Paulo

Plagued with low regional immunization coverage and unable to curb measles transmission, Brazil is in imminent risk of losing its status as a country free of the ...

Folha de S.Paulo
Brazil Police Serving 14 Search and Eight Arrest Warrants Related to Vale Dam Disaster  U.S. News & World Report

SAO PAULO (Reuters) - Brazilian police are serving 14 search and eight arrest warrants related to a criminal investigation into the causes of a deadly dam ...

U.S. News & World Report
Exclusive: Brazil prosecutor seeks BRF food fraud case files from agriculture ministry  euronews

By Ana Mano SAO PAULO (Reuters) - A Brazilian prosecutor investigating whether food processor BRF SA colluded with a laboratory group to evade food ...

Terrifying moment of Brazil dam collapse caught on camera – video  The Guardian

A video aired on Brazilian local media shows the exact moment the dam burst in Brazil on 25 January.

The Guardian
Brazil's new president has scientists worried. Here's why  Science Magazine

Brazil has long been a frontrunner in climate change policy and environmental diplomacy. The international conventions on climate change and biological ...

Science Magazine
Brazil send coaches to watch Vinicius ahead of senior call-up  MARCA.com

It's not just the Real Madrid coaching staff that Vinicius Junior has impressed in recent weeks as the Brazilian senior squad are looking to call...

Brazil president Jair Bolsonaro hospitalised with pneumonia  The Guardian

Bolsonaro was recently admitted to hospital for the removal of a colostomy bag after he was stabbed during a campaign rally. Agencies. Thu 7 Feb 2019 19.32 ...

The Guardian
Cargo Volume Through Brazil’s Ports Grew by 2.7 Percent in 2018  The Rio Times

The transport of cargo through Brazilian ports in 2018 grew by 2.7 percent, according to the National Agency for Waterways Transportation (Antaq), with a total of ...

The Rio Times
Brazil Coaches Sent to Watch Vinicius Junior After Impressive Recent Form for Real Madrid  90min

Representatives from the Brazil national team have reportedly been sent to watch Real Madrid forward Vinicius Junior, with a view to rewarding the 18-year-old's ...

Brazilian documentary asks: do we live for work or work for life?  Reuters India

High in the hills of Brazil's remote northeast, the town of Toritama echoes with the sound of sewing machines: in the self-proclaimed capital of jeans, people work ...

Reuters India
Death toll rises in Brazil dam collapse as mining company faces criticism  CNN

The death toll from a Brazilian dam collapse at an iron mine rose to 65 on Monday, according to officials.

Brazil's Brumadinho dam was certified 'stable' weeks before it collapsed  CNN

São Paulo, Brazil (CNN) In just over three years, two dams have collapsed in the same Brazilian state, leaving thousands of families in mourning. This time ...

Gisele Bündchen hits back at minister's 'bad Brazilian' jibe  The Guardian

The Brazilian model Gisele Bündchen has rebutted an extraordinary attack by Brazil's agriculture minister, who called her a “bad Brazilian” for her environmental ...

The Guardian
Ricardo Boechat: Brazil news anchor dies in helicopter crash  BBC News

Ricardo Boechat, one of Brazil's best-known journalists, has been killed in a helicopter crash in São Paulo. The aircraft carrying the 66-year-old news anchor hit ...

BBC News
Insurtech Pitzi Reinvents Brazil's Mobile Insurance Market  Forbes

Brazilians are not big on mobile phone insurance and that's something insurtech Pitzi wants to change, by providing better experiences for consumers who need ...

MAX CAVALERA Says There Was 'A Really Weird Vibe' In Brazil When Controversial Leader JAIR BOLSONARO Was Elected  BLABBERMOUTH.NET

Brazilian heavy metal musician Max Cavalera, who has lived in Phoenix, Arizona since 1992, has told the Reading Eagle that he is still closely tied to his birth ...

Rubio: US should go big on Brazil  CNN

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro is ushering in a new era in Brazilian politics, writes Sen. Marco Rubio, and has already indicated he seeks an even closer ...

Brazilian cell carrier Claro’s ‘4.5G’ network logo is breathtakingly dishonest  The Verge

There is a long and colorful history of cell carriers lying to their customers about speeds and sticking terrible names on products, but Brazilian carrier Claro may ...

The Verge
Brazilian soccer fans pay tribute to Flamengo fire victims  Washington Post

Brazilian soccer club Flamengo is playing its first match since the fire that killed 10 of its academy players in its training ground Feb. 8.

Washington Post
Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro pledges to open up economy  Financial Times

Far-right president also tells Davos audience of his commitment to the environment.

Financial Times
Brazil’s Bolsonaro moves to expand gun rights  Vox.com

The Brazilian gun debate is déjà vu all over again — but in Brazil, Congress could limit expanded access.

In the absence of Trump, Brazil's Bolsonaro likely to be the star attraction at Davos  CNBC

Brazil's newly-elected populist President Jair Bolsonaro will take center stage at the World Economic Forum (WEF) next week.

Brazil’s new president to eliminate transgender, pro-gay ideology from schools  Lifesite

brazil, curriculum, education, homosexuality, jair bolsonaro, olavo de carvalho, paulo freire, same-sex 'marriage', transgender. BRASILIA, Brazil, February 11, ...

Ex-Man Utd boss Mourinho opens door to Brazil move  Tribal Football

Former Manchester United boss Jose Mourinho admits a move to Brazil is attractive.However, the Portuguese says for the moment he wants to continue working ...

Tribal Football
Brazil environment chief accused of 'war on NGOs' as partnerships paused  The Guardian

Civil society groups condemn move by minister, appointed by far-right president Jair Bolsonaro, as illegal attack on environment.

The Guardian
Global Journalist: Brazil's 'Trump of the Tropics'  KBIA

He's called black activists "animals," said he'd rather that his son die than bring home a male lover and told one political opponent he would never rape.

Brazil May Drop Visas for U.S. Travelers  Condé Nast Traveler

In 2016, Brazil temporarily waived visa requirements for U.S. travelers to the country in the hopes of drawing travelers for the Summer Olympics. Two years later ...

Condé Nast Traveler
Bob Iger leaves Brazil without regulatory approval for Disney-Fox deal, but it's still going to happen  Awful Announcing

Brazilian officials are reviewing the Disney-Fox deal as it would mean Disney owns both ESPN and Fox Sports, and Disney cared enough to send Bob Iger.

Awful Announcing
Brazil's endangered postgraduate system  Science Magazine

Over the past decade, Brazilian scientists have faced a dramatic reduction in financial support (1–3). In 2017, the Ministry of Science and Technology had a ...

Science Magazine
New firearms decree in Brazil worries poor neighborhood in Sao Paulo  National Catholic Reporter

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro signed a decree in mid-January making it easier for Brazilians to purchase firearms. The decision sparked criticism from ...

National Catholic Reporter
Brazil’s gun lovers celebrate relaxation of firearms laws  Financial Times

Jair Bolsonaro delivers campaign pledge for looser regulation, despite murder rate.

Financial Times
Brazil accuses US missionary of putting isolated tribe's lives at risk  The Guardian

Brazil's indigenous affairs department (Funai) has accused an American missionary of exposing an isolated indigenous tribe to disease and possibly death.

The Guardian
Brazil's Bolsonaro leaves hospital and heads to Brasilia  Reuters

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro left the hospital in Sao Paulo on Wednesday early afternoon and is returning to Brasilia to resume his duties, his spokesman ...

Brazil's Bolsonaro makes stumbling start as president  The Associated Press

SAO PAULO (AP) — A few days after being inaugurated, new Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro announced a tax increase, only to have his chief-of-staff say ...

The Associated Press
Brazil's lower house reelects pro-reforms Maia as head  Reuters

Brazil's lower house of Congress reelected on Friday by a vast majority Rodrigo Maia, from the Democratas party, for a new two-year term as president of the ...

Brazil’s populist new president on women, Venezuela and his love for Trump  The Washington Post

Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil's recently elected president, had his international coming-out party this past week at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.

The Washington Post
Gay Brazilian congressman quits due to threats, leaves country  Reuters

In January 24 story, corrects headline and first paragraph to reflect Wyllys is the second openly gay congressman, adds paragraph on the first)

Brazil reveals plans to privatize key stretches of Amazon highways  The Guardian

Jair Bolsonaro plans to overhaul country's transportation infrastructure despite concerns of increased deforestation. Reuters in Brasília. Wed 23 Jan 2019 01.00 ...

The Guardian
Brazil's indigenous peoples lead global “Red January" protests  Survival International

Protests against the anti-indigenous policies of Brazil's President Bolsonaro are occurring in Brazil.

Survival International
Brazil's indigenous people protest against Bolsonaro's policies  Aljazeera.com

President Bolsonaro has issued executive orders preventing new land being demarcated as indigenous territory.

Amazon launches direct retail sales in Brazil, but faces uphill battle  Business Insider

Amazon has finally started selling directly in Brazil, indicating it is looking seriously at the Brazilian market.

Business Insider
Brazil’s prison gangs are launching massive terrorism attacks. This explains why  The Washington Post

Just one day after his inauguration, Brazil's right-wing populist President Jair Bolsonaro faced his first public-security crisis. On Jan. 2, prison gangs launched a ...

The Washington Post
Brazil's Bolsonaro pledges action to 'restore democracy' in Venezuela  Reuters

BRASILIA (Reuters) - Brazil's far-right President Jair Bolsonaro said on Thursday he would do all he could to “to re-establish order and democracy” in Venezuela ...

Jair Bolsonaro says he will 'open up' Brazil's economy in pro-business speech at Davos – video  The Guardian

Brazil's rightwing president Jair Bolsonaro causes alarm among environmentalists after stressing that protecting his country's ecosystem has to be consistent ...

The Guardian
Apple and Microsoft CEOs Tim Cook and Satya Nadella were pictured at dinner with Brazil's far-right president in Davos  CNBC

An image of Apple's Tim Cook and Microsoft's Satya Nadella sitting at the same table as far-right Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has surfaced. Bolsonaro has ...

Measles Resurges, HIV Meds In Short Supply: The Collapse Of Venezuela's Health Care System : Goats and Soda  NPR

Venezuela's once impressive medical system has crumbled dramatically. But it's hard to know exactly how bad things are — because the Ministry of Health ...

Blockchain and Crypto Enthusiast is Proposed by Brazil's New President as Head of The Central Bank  Ethereum World News

Brazil's new president, Jair Bolsonaro, has decided to promote a technological evolution and make the country a regional reference in the adoption and use of ...

Ethereum World News
Brazil's largest bank rolls out AI-enabled cameras in branches  ZDNet

Brazil's largest private bank Itaú Unibanco is implementing cameras equipped with artificial intelligence technology to boost the security and customer *service* of ...

PSG and Brazil's Neymar facing second straight season-ending metatarsal injury -- source  ESPN

Paris Saint-Germain and Brazil superstar Neymar could have his second consecutive club football season ended by a metatarsal injury after a medical source ...

Brazil Wouldn’t Support US Intervention in Venezuela - Scholars  Sputnik International

During a visit to the United States, Brazilian Foreign Minister Ernesto Araujo held a number of important meetings, including with John Bolton and Mike Pompeo.

Sputnik International
Brazil's Original bank rolls out facial recognition technology  ZDNet

The feature allows account holders to validate information via mobile.

Vogue Brazil Director Resigns Over ‘Slavery’ Party  Refinery29

It's early 2019, and it seems like our news cycle lately is overcome with disturbing stories about racist behavior. If we aren't dealing with the fallout of public ...

Brazilian Crypto Exchange Wins Legal Battle Over Closed Bank Account  Bitcoin News

A court in Rio de Janeiro has ruled in favor of Brazilian crypto exchange Mercado Bitcoin in a case over the closure of one of its checking accounts. The A court ...

Bitcoin News
Brazilian politician Ana Paula da Silva defends outfit after receiving criticism  Independent.ie

Brazilian politician Ana Paula da Silva has defended herself against online criticism after she wore a revealing outfit for a swearing-in ceremony at the Santa ...

New 'unicorn' praying mantis species found in Brazilian rainforest  National Geographic

Researchers have discovered a handful of new praying mantises, some that boast incredible horn-like appendages on their heads.

National Geographic
At Rice ‘n Beans in Hell’s Kitchen, Brazilian Food Has the Power to Cure  Eater NY

If there's one thing my boyfriend and I can agree on, it's our love for Rice 'n Beans — both the quintessential Brazilian dish and the Hell's Kitchen restaurant.

Eater NY
John of God's sexual assault arrest tarnishes Brazil's spiritist movement  Religion News Service

SAO PAOLO, Brazil (RNS) — For decades John of God attracted crowds with his alleged faith healing powers, at first capitalizing on local spiritualist beliefs but ...

Religion News Service
Emiliano Sala had secret relationship with Brazilian volleyball star  NEWS.com.au

A Brazilian volleyball star has claimed she had a secret relationship with footballer Emiliano Sala before his tragic plane crash. Luiza Ungerer, 31, who plays for ...


Brazil Videos

Declan McKenna - Brazil (Official Video)
Declan McKenna - Brazil (Official Video)
Vengaboys - To Brazil!
Vengaboys - To Brazil!
Brazil's Drug Gangs Are Prepared To Go To War With Bolsonaro (HBO)
Brazil's Drug Gangs Are Prepared To Go To War With Bolsonaro (HBO)
Michael Jackson - They Don’t Care About Us (Brazil Version) (Official Video)
Michael Jackson - They Don’t Care About Us (Brazil Version) (Official Video)
Reality Show Brazil, program menantang 2016 #2
Reality Show Brazil, program menantang 2016 #2
एक दिलचस्प देश // Brazil an Amazing Country in Hindi
एक दिलचस्प देश // Brazil an Amazing Country in Hindi
Terrifying moment of Brazil dam collapse caught on camera
Terrifying moment of Brazil dam collapse caught on camera
Travel To Brazil | Full History And Documentary About Brazil In Urdu & Hindi | برازیل کی سیر
Travel To Brazil | Full History And Documentary About Brazil In Urdu & Hindi | برازیل کی سیر

Brazil Images

Chocolate Factory Garoto, Vila Velha/ES-Brazil | Rony ...
Chocolate Factory Garoto, Vila Velha/ES-Brazil | Rony ...
ACSI Trans-Continental Expedition - Peru - Homepage
ACSI Trans-Continental Expedition - Peru - Homepage
Marimbondo-chapéu (Apoica pallens) - Ninho | Apoica ...
Marimbondo-chapéu (Apoica pallens) - Ninho | Apoica ...
Gizmos Art - Artist Wayne McWilliams
Gizmos Art - Artist Wayne McWilliams
1981 Chevrolet Opala brochure
1981 Chevrolet Opala brochure
Salto de Paola Espinosa | PanamericanWorld
Salto de Paola Espinosa | PanamericanWorld
Pilosocereus gounellei
Pilosocereus gounellei
Pictures of ANTONIO CARECA with Napoli
Pictures of ANTONIO CARECA with Napoli
Red-legged Pademelon
Red-legged Pademelon

Brazil WebSites

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil Portuguese pronunciation: ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, listen (help · info)), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth ...
Brazil Tourism: TripAdvisor has 14,585,195 reviews of Brazil Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Brazil resource.
Brazil, officially Federative Republic of Brazil, Portuguese República Federativa do Brasil, country of South America that occupies half the continent’s landmass. It is the fifth largest country in the world, exceeded in size only by Russia, Canada, China, and the United States, though its area is greater than that of the 48 conterminous U.S. states.
Explore Brazil holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. | One of the world's most captivating places, Brazil is a country of powdery white-sand beaches, verdant rainforests and wild, rhythm-filled metropolises. Brazil's attractions extend from frozen-in-time colonial towns to otherworldly landscapes of red-rock canyons, thundering waterfalls and coral-fringed tropical islands.
Alternate Versions There are at least three different versions of Brazil. The original 142 minutes European release, a shorter 132-minutes prepared by Gilliam for the American release and another different version, nicknamed the Sheinberg Edit, from Universal's then boss Sid Sheinberg, against whom Terry Gilliam had to fight to have his version released, A.K.A. the 'Love Conquers All' version.
The son of Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro is facing accusations of money laundering in connection with at least two luxury apartments he purchased in Rio de Janeiro, according to federal ...
Exercise increased caution in Brazil due to crime.Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory. Do not travel to: Any areas within 150 km of Brazil’s land borders with Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Paraguay due to crime. (Note: This does not apply to the Foz do Iguacu National Park or Pantanal National Park.)
Geography. Brazil covers nearly half of South America and is the continent's largest nation. It extends 2,965 mi (4,772 km) north-south, 2,691 mi (4,331 km) east-west, and borders every nation on the continent except Chile and Ecuador.
green with a large yellow diamond in the center bearing a blue celestial globe with 27 white five-pointed stars; the globe has a white equatorial band with the motto ORDEM E PROGR
Brazil is a 1985 British-American dystopian science fiction film directed by Terry Gilliam and written by Gilliam, Charles McKeown, and Tom Stoppard.The film stars Jonathan Pryce and features Robert De Niro, Kim Greist, Michael Palin, Katherine Helmond, Bob Hoskins and Ian Holm.. The film centres on Sam Lowry, a man trying to find a woman who appears in his dreams while he is working in a mind ...

Brazil Wiki

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil Portuguese pronunciation: [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, listen ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. The capital is Brasília, and the most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the eighth largest GDP in the world by both nominal and PPP measures. It is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.