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Burundi NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Thu, 17 Jan 2019 03:48:40 GMTGoogle News
UN Appeals for Nearly $300M for Burundi Refugees  VOA News

Cuts in food rations have forced many women and girls to use negative coping mechanisms, including 'survival sex, and forced and early marriage'

VOA News
UNHCR and partners seek US$296 million for Burundi refugee crisis  UNHCR

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and 35 partners are today jointly appealing for US$296 million to provide desperately needed aid in 2019 to some 345000.

UNHCR
Burundi names Gitega as new capital  News24

Burundi has declared the small central city of Gitega the country's new political capital, in line with a presidential promise made a decade ago.

News24
Foreign NGOs leave Burundi as ethnicity law takes effect  The East African

Some foreign non-governmental organisations in Burundi recently closed their offices after failing to comply with the country's laws by the December 31, 2018 ...

The East African
Rwanda-Burundi tension hampers regional trade  The East African

Increasing political tension between Rwanda and Burundi, which started in 2015 when political unease in Bujumbura saw its citizens cross over to Kigali, has ...

The East African
Burundi to move political capital to Gitega  africanews

The city of Gitega, in central Burundi, will replace Bujumbura as the political capital of this country in the Great Lakes region, which remains the economic capital, ...

africanews
Burundi moves capital from Bujumbura to Gitega  Quartz

The current capital Bujumbura will remain the nation's commercial center.

Quartz
Humanity & Inclusion closes Burundi program after 26 years - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Humanity & Inclusion, which operates under its original name “Handicap International” in Burundi since 1992, has been forced to stop its activities in the country.

ReliefWeb
Burundi - Displacement Report (November 2018) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

English Assessment on Burundi about Education, Food and Nutrition, Aged Persons, Children and more; published on 08 Jan 2019 by Croix-Rouge du Burundi ...

ReliefWeb
Burundi acquits rights activists sentenced to 10-year terms  News24

A Burundian court has acquitted three civil rights activists who had been handed 10-year jail terms for undermining state security, their organisation has said.

News24
Cubs fall to Burundi in Build-up game  pmldaily.com

International Build Up Game. Burundi 2-0 Uganda Cubs. Stade Louis Rwagasore, Bujumbura. Tuesday, 15-01-2018. BUJUMBURA – The Uganda U17 National ...

pmldaily.com
Burundi military opposes Somali withdrawal plan  News24

The Burundi army has said it opposed a request by the African Union that it withdraw 1000 soldiers serving in an African peacekeeping force in Somalia by ...

News24
WFP Burundi Country Brief, November 2018 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Operational Updates. • In November, WFP continued the implementation of activities planned under the Interim Country Strategic Plan 2018-2020. Over 44,000 ...

ReliefWeb
Burundi Moves Political Capital From Bujumbura to Gitega  Bloomberg

Burundian authorities decided to move the political capital to the city of Gitega in the central province, from Bujumbura, government spokesman Prosper ...

Bloomberg
Burundi told to cut force in Somalia under African pullback  News24

The African Union has asked Burundi to reduce its contribution to an African peacekeeping force in Somalia by a thousand men under a progressive pullout from ...

News24
The man protecting Burundi's crocodiles by keeping them in his garden  BBC News

When Ngendera Albert realised Burundi's crocodiles were being killed for food, he took action to protect them.

BBC News
Why Burundi’s Ongoing Political Tensions Risk Devolving Into Ethnic Violence  World Politics Review

In early December, Burundi garnered international attention when its Foreign Ministry called for the closure of the U.N. human rights office in the country.

World Politics Review
Jim Kim resigns, DRC election results, and Burundi's NGO crackdown: This week in development  Devex

Jim Kim resigns as president of the World Bank, sparking questions about the presidential nomination process. Felix Tshisekedi is the contested winner of the ...

Devex
Meddy's Planned Burundi Concerts Flop  KT Press

Rwandan R&B superstar Medard Ngabo aka Meddy will not perform in Burundi's capital Bujumbura after reported death threats. Meddy had shows on both 28th ...

KT Press
Family working to give Burundi orphan a chance in North Idaho  Coeur d'Alene Press

When he was a little boy, Abdoul Akimana was an orphan, living on the war-ravaged streets of Burundi and runni.

Coeur d'Alene Press
Burundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (November 2018) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

English Infographic on Burundi about Food and Nutrition, Protection and Human Rights, Children, IDPs, Insect Infestation, Severe Local Storm and more; ...

ReliefWeb
Burundi's absence stalls 20th EAC summit [The Morning Call]  africanews

The 20th ordinary summit of the East Africa Community EAC heads of state that was long scheduled to take place first in November and then December 2018 ...

africanews
IOM Burundi Cross Border Movements (October 2018) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

English Infographic on Burundi about Protection and Human Rights and Refugees; published on 18 Dec 2018 by IOM.

ReliefWeb
More Burundi refugees arrive  The New Times

Twenty-five Burundians yesterday crossed the border to Rwanda to seek asylum. The group, made up of 15 children, seven women and three men, was ...

The New Times
Burundi calls for special summit over Rwanda row  Daily Nation

President Pierre Nkurunziza has asked the East African Community leadership to urgently convene an extraordinary summit to address the differences between ...

Daily Nation
Burundian singer JP Bimeni on coming back to soul  BBC News

J.P. Bimeni's music is inspired by American soul and its impact on music in Burundi in the 1960s.

BBC News
Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan, January 2019 - December 2020 - United Republic of Tanzania  ReliefWeb

English Appeal on United Republic of Tanzania and 5 other countries about Climate Change and Environment, Coordination, Children, IDPs and more; ...

ReliefWeb
UNHCR in need of funds to maintain refugees in neighbouring countries  African Daily Voice

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA (ADV) – The United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) has reported that it is in need of $296 million for this year. As there ...

African Daily Voice
Rwanda’s musician Meddy cancels concert in Burundi  The East African

Rwanda's top RnB artiste Ngabo Medard Jobert, known by the stage name Meddy, has cancelled his show in Burundi at a last minute citing security concerns, ...

The East African
Unique Burundian drum waiting for more audience  Borneo Bulletin Online

BUJUMBURA (Xinhua) – When some 30 Burundian drummers practised Burundi's traditional drum show in Gishora drum sanctuary in central Burundi, ...

Borneo Bulletin Online
Rwanda-Burundi political crisis hampers regional trade, stability  pmldaily.com

BUJUMBURA/KIGALI – Increasing political tension between Rwanda and Burundi, which started in 2015 when political unease in Bujumbura saw its citizens ...

pmldaily.com
Kakaire to lead Uganda Cubs front line against Burundi U-20 in international friendly duel  Kawowo Sports

International friendly match: Burundi U-20 Vs Uganda U-17. Stade Prince Louis Rwagasore, Bujumbura (4 PM). Uganda U-17 national team technical bench led ...

Kawowo Sports
Burundi declares small town of Gitega as new capital  Face2Face Africa

The Burundian government has officially declared the small town of Gitega in the center of the country as the new political capital while maintaining Bujumbura ...

Face2Face Africa
The Burundi fiasco and the future of the East African Community  Daily Monitor

The East African Community (EAC) is composed of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan and Uganda. It is not a new grouping at all, having been tested and ...

Daily Monitor
Burundi: Ebola Preparedness - Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF n° MDRBI015 Operation Update 1 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action: Through this operations update Burundi Red Cross requests for a two-month timeframe ...

ReliefWeb
Mission Caroling of children for their peers in Rwanda and Burundi  Newsbook

The missionary caroling is a proposal of the Pontifical Missionary Works for families, parish communities and schools for the Christmas time. The main ...

Newsbook
Burundi: China Offers Selfless Assistance to Burundi - Burundian FM  AllAfrica.com

China provides selfless assistance to help with Burundi's development and its people's livelihood, the Burundian foreign minister said Saturday.

AllAfrica.com
Plague hits sheep, goats in Burundi, says report  The East African

A sheep and goat plague (also called Peste des Petits Ruminants) has killed 3,337 goats in Burundi, the East African Community's latest report shows.

The East African
RDF Confirms Assailants of Cyitabi Attack Fled to Burundi  KT Press

Rwanda Defence Force (RDF) has revealed that the assailants that attacked three paseenger vehicles in Cyitabi, Nyamagabe district on Saturday fled to ...

KT Press
In ‘Politics of handshake’ of Kenya, lie many lessons for top Burundi leadership  The East African

I have been marvelling at how President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya has managed to sweet-talk his nemesis Raila Odinga, and other key opposition figures into ...

The East African
Around the World: Bikers, Bibles and selfies in Burundi  Christian Chronicle

FEATURED IMAGE (above): In the East African town of Bweru, Burundi, evangelist Akembe Ahumbwe Amou, center, gives Bibles to a group of motorcyclists.

Christian Chronicle
Why Did Burundi Block Uganda Scouts?  New Vision

Gen. Katumba Wamala wondered why the delegation was still at the border, fearing that all the competitions would be over by the time they reached the camp.

New Vision
United Republic of Tanzania: Inter-Agency Operational Update on the Burundi Refugee Situation (1 - 30 November 2018) - United Republic of Tanzania  ReliefWeb

English Situation Report on United Republic of Tanzania about Coordination, Education, Children, Refugees and more; published on 30 Nov 2018 by UNHCR.

ReliefWeb
Burundian Entrepreneur Develops Line of Cosmetics to Prevent Malaria  Voice of America

Some 435-thousand people died of malaria in 2017, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa - according to the World Health Organization. An entrepreneur in ...

Voice of America
Okutoyi leads Kenyan juniors in sweep of titles in Dar  Daily Nation

Britam Kenya Open champion Angela Okutoyi led fellow junior in sweeping virtually all the titles as ITF/CAT East Africa Junior Championships ended at ...

Daily Nation
Inside efforts to prevent a regional Ebola crisis in central Africa  IRINnews.org

The current outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo is the second deadliest in history, killing more than 400 people and infecting hundreds more.

IRINnews.org
Tanzanian youngster defeats Burundian to reach semis  The Citizen

Tanzania's fast-rising player Kanuti Alangwa cruised into the semi-finals of the ITF/Cat East African Junior Tennis Championships at the Dar es Salaam ...

The Citizen
Burundian Referees To Take Charge Of Kcca Vs Otoho Game  New Vision

CAF Confederation Cup Playoff round. Return leg. Sunday KCCA v AS Otôho (AS Otôho won 3-0) CAF has appointed Burundian match officials to be in charge ...

New Vision
Burundian parliament passes bill on membership to International Solar Alliance  News Ghana

The Burundian Senate on Tuesday passed a bill in a plenary session in the capital city Bujumbura on the ratification of Burundi's membership to the International ...

News Ghana
Peace and fair elections in Burundi  GOV.UK

Statement by Stephen Hickey, UK Political Coordinator at the UN, at the Security Council briefing on Burundi.

GOV.UK
Why Al Shabab continues to attack Kenya  gulfnews.com

The attack on Nairobi's five-star DusitD2 hotel brought back memories of a similar hit in 2013 by Al Shabab on the city's Westgate shopping mall that left 67 dead ...

gulfnews.com
Burundi denies running secret torture houses  BBC News

Burundi's authorities have dismissed a BBC investigation into alleged secret torture sites as "fake news". The BBC Africa Eye report said the government was ...

BBC News
Paul Aigbogun: Nothing but victory counts for Nigeria at U20 Afcon  Goal.com

The Flying Eagles handler has set his eyes on winning next month's U20 Afcon billed for Niger Republic.

Goal.com
Burundi wants special regional summit on 'conflict' with Rwanda  africanews

Burundian President Pierre Nkuruziza is calling for a special regional summit on what he describes as an 'open conflict' with neighboring Rwanda. In a letter ...

africanews
Burundi warned after ex-President Buyoya arrest warrant  BBC News

The African Union (AU) has warned Burundi against moves to jeopardise peace efforts after an international arrest warrant was issued for ex-leader Pierre ...

BBC News
Selling Toyotas to Congo a Way to Fight Burundi Dollar Snag  Bloomberg

Dollars are hard to find in tiny, troubled Burundi -- but three nearby African nations and plenty of used Land Cruisers and Range Rovers offer some ...

Bloomberg
UN rights office: Burundi’s government has asked us to leave  Washington Post

NAIROBI, Kenya — The United Nations human rights office on Thursday said Burundi's government has asked it to leave, months after the outgoing U.N. rights ...

Washington Post
Four arrests over 1993 killing of Burundi leader  TimesLIVE

Burundi authorities have arrested four retired army officers suspected of a role in the 1993 assassination of the country's first democratically elected president, ...

TimesLIVE
Cubs already in Bujumbura ahead of Build up game  pmldaily.com

Build-up game. Burundi vs Uganda. Stade du Prince Louis Rwagasore, Bujumbura. Tuesday, 14-01-2019 @4pm. BUJUMBURA – The Uganda U17 football ...

pmldaily.com
Burundi: Inside the secret killing house  BBC News

Burundi's security services are running secret torture and detention sites to silence dissent, former government intelligence agents have told BBC Africa Eye.

BBC News
Burundi's president Nkurunziza no longer considers Rwanda a partner but an enemy  News24

It is important to find ways to prevent the eruption of a possible open conflict between Rwanda and Burundi which could lead to devastating consequences for ...

News24
Flying Eagles to play S'Arabia  The Punch

The national U-20 team Flying Eagles will play Saudi Arabia in an international friendly ahead of next month's Africa U-20 Cup of Nations in Niger ...

The Punch
SAFA release latest national team fixture calendar  Sport24

The South African Football Association (SAFA) has released its latest fixtures for the next few months.

Sport24
Burundi under fire at U.N. for expelling U.N. human rights team  Reuters

Burundi's ambassador in Geneva struggled to explain to the U.N. Human Rights Council on Tuesday why his government had thrown out a U.N. team that the ...

Reuters
The Situation in Burundi: Report of the Secretary-General (S/2018/1028) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

The present report is submitted pursuant to resolution 2303 (2016), in which the Security Council requested me to report to it on the situation in Burundi every ...

ReliefWeb
Burundi accuses Rwanda of abducting four fishermen  The East African

Kigali and Bujumbura trade accusations and tension heightens.

The East African
Aid Groups Denounce Burundi’s 3-Month Ban on NGOs  VOA News

Suspended NGOs, including Doctors Without Borders and Catholic Relief Services, might have a chance to resume operations, if they comply with new ...

VOA News
Burundi snubs Arusha talks [The Morning Call]  africanews

The inter-Burundian aimed at resolving conflicts in Burundi were launched Wednesday in Arusha, Tanzania. The talks are the fifth and final round of negotiations ...

africanews
Burundi Voters Back Constitution Extending Presidential Term  The New York Times

BUJUMBURA, Burundi — Burundi's voters approved a new Constitution that extends the presidential term from five to seven years, according to provisional ...

The New York Times
Burundi accuses Belgium of ordering hit on independence hero  News24

Burundi on Sunday accused former colonial power Belgium of ordering the assassination of independence hero and Crown Prince Louis Rwagasore in 1961, ...

News24
Burundi suspends some NGO's for violating new law  Reuters

BUJUMBURA (Reuters) - Burundi has suspended some local and international non-governmental organizations for three months for violating a new law, ...

Reuters
Burundi votes tomorrow on controversial constitutional amendments. A lot is at stake.  The Washington Post

On Thursday, Burundi will hold a referendum to revise its constitution. The current constitution, adopted in 2005, grew from the 2000 Arusha Peace and ...

The Washington Post
Burundi: Human rights defender jailed for 32 years must be released  Amnesty International

The Burundian authorities should overturn the 32-year sentence handed to human rights defender Germain Rukuki and set him free, Amnesty International said ...

Amnesty International
Burundi beat South Sudan to keep Afcon hopes alive  BBC Sport

A hat-trick from Fiston Abdul Razak helped Burundi win 5-2 away to South Sudan on Friday to keep alive their hopes of qualifying for next year's Africa Cup of ...

BBC Sport
INGOs suspended in Burundi amid crackdown on civil society  Devex

ABIDJAN — A three-month suspension placed on almost all international NGOs operating in Burundi earlier this month is part of a wider crackdown on civil ...

Devex
Come Home and Sell the Coffee: Burundi Insists Crisis Is Over  Bloomberg

The crisis is over: now dig some mines and grow some coffee.

Bloomberg
This Toronto police cadet just might be your #10YearChallenge competition  CBC.ca

If you're anywhere on social media, you've seen the #10YearChallenge. Haven't heard of it? It's the reason everyone seems to be posting before and after ...

CBC.ca
Ugu Unveils New Look National Team After Two Day Qualifiers  New Vision

Biggest News Source for News in Uganda and the East African Region ,Breaking news in Uganda and Daily news and the latest from Uganda.

New Vision
Burundi's government boycotts peace talks  africanews

The Burundian government has boycotted the fifth round of the inter-Burundian dialogue to end a political crisis that erupted in 2015.

africanews
Mali name squad for Afcon qualifiers against Burundi  BBC Sport

Mali coach Mohammed Magassouba calls up 18-year old Cheick Oumar Doucouré and France-born striker Alimani Gory ahead of the Nations Cup qualifiers ...

BBC Sport
Burundi detention centres: Inside African nation's secret torture facilities  NEWS.com.au

Intelligence officials in Burundi are running secret torture and detention sites to silence political opponents of the nation's leader.

NEWS.com.au
Ex-Burundi leader rejects warrant for his arrest as tactic  News24

Pierre Buyoya, Burundi's former president, has dismissed as politically motivated an arrest warrant issued against him for his alleged participation in the ...

News24
Burundi village attack leaves 26 dead ahead of referendum  BBC News

At least 26 people were killed after armed attackers targeted a village in north-west Burundi, amid tensions ahead of a controversial referendum. The group ...

BBC News
UN envoy urges new way to help Burundi exit political crisis  News24

The UN special envoy for Burundi is calling for a re-evaluation of the ways to help Burundi emerge from its current political crisis with a view to elections in 2020.

News24
BBC World Service - Focus on Africa, Burundi: Inside the secret killing house  BBC News

Former agents say the security services are running torture sites to silence dissent.

BBC News
UN rights chief denounces Burundi for 'belligerent and defamatory' attack on inquiry team  UN News

The top United Nations human rights official has called on Burundi to “immediately retract” its threat to try and prosecute members of a UN Commission of Inquiry ...

UN News
Jail for Burundi head teacher busted sitting student's exam  BBC News

A court in Burundi has sentenced a head teacher to five years in prison for trying to disguise himself as a student and sit a national exam on another person's ...

BBC News
Armed group behead youth chief in Burundi's ruling party  News24

A senior member of a youth movement that underpins the ruling party in Burundi has been beheaded and his wife shot dead, sources have said.

News24
26 Killed in Burundi Attack, Minister Says, Blaming Terrorists  New York Times

BUJUMBURA, Burundi — At least 26 people were killed and seven others wounded in an attack in a rural area of Burundi, the country's security minister said on ...

New York Times
Burundi opposition MP accused of plot to kill president  News24

Burundi's public security ministry has accused a prominent opposition MP of planning the assassination of President Pierre Nkurunziza and other top officials, ...

News24
Preventing conflict in Burundi  GOV.UK

Statement by Stephen Hickey, UK Political Co-ordinator, at the Security Council Briefing on the Situation in Burundi.

GOV.UK
Burundi rights activist handed five-year term  News24

A Burundian activist has been jailed for five years accused of preparing reports on human rights abuses for a banned organisation, militant and legal sources ...

News24
Three Burundi soldiers killed in ambush: police  News24

At least three Burundian soldiers were killed and five others injured in an attack outside of the capital Bujumbura at the weekend, police and media sources have ...

News24
Burundi’s President Says He Won’t Seek Another Term  New York Times

Critics had feared that *fresh* violence could erupt if Pierre Nkurunziza's push for a new Constitution proved to be a prelude to his running again in 2020.

New York Times
East Africa won't tackle Burundi crisis  Mail and Guardian

Put right: In 2017 Economic Community of West African States forces instated Adama Barrow as Gambia's president. (Carl de Souza/AFP). Comments. AddThis ...

Mail and Guardian
Addressing Peacebuilding Efforts in Burundi  GOV.UK

Statement by Ambassador Jonathan Allen at the Security Council briefing on Burundi.

GOV.UK
Burundi should no longer be on UN Security Council's agenda, says Foreign Minister  UN News

The United Nations Security Council should “have the courage to remove Burundi from its agenda”, Foreign Minister Ezekiel Nibigira said on Saturday from the ...

UN News
Burundi: Renew UN Inquiry  Human Rights Watch

The United Nations Human Rights Council should renew the mandate for the Commission of Inquiry on Burundi during its ongoing session in Geneva.

Human Rights Watch
Burundi arrests aid workers for flouting foreign NGO ban  News24

Three aid workers have been arrested in Burundi for defying a government ban on foreign relief agencies announced this month, authorities say.

News24
Burundi ex-military officers face prosecution for Melchior Ndadaye assassination  EWN

The killing of President Melchior Ndadaye sparked a 10-year civil war that cost more than 300000 lives.

EWN
 

Burundi Videos

Karabaye // Reba ibyo Nkurunziza akoreye abanyepolitike bo mu Burundi
19:10:37
Karabaye // Reba ibyo Nkurunziza akoreye abanyepolitike bo mu Burundi
Burundi || Urupfu rutunguranye rwa minisitiri w'intebe mu Burundi ruteje akavuyo mu gihugu
06:51:51
Burundi || Urupfu rutunguranye rwa minisitiri w'intebe mu Burundi ruteje akavuyo mu gihugu
RIP: Urupfu rwa minisitiri w'intebe i Burundi RUTEJE AKAVUYO MU BURUNDI
15:33:03
RIP: Urupfu rwa minisitiri w'intebe i Burundi RUTEJE AKAVUYO MU BURUNDI
U Burundi buri kwiyenza hose // Tanzania irashinjwa gufasha abanzi ba Nkurunziza
16:01:35
U Burundi buri kwiyenza hose // Tanzania irashinjwa gufasha abanzi ba Nkurunziza
Kamwe Kamwe - Inside Burundi’s Killing Machine: full documentary - BBC Africa Eye
00:00:02
Kamwe Kamwe - Inside Burundi’s Killing Machine: full documentary - BBC Africa Eye
Geography Now! Burundi
23:54:04
Geography Now! Burundi
Burundi VS Rwanda Military Power Comparison 2019
19:01:59
Burundi VS Rwanda Military Power Comparison 2019
Amakuru ya BBC 16.01.2019, IYICWA RYAKAREGEYA, BURUNDI,IBITERO MURI KENYA NA KONGO... Muhawe ikaze
18:34:46
Amakuru ya BBC 16.01.2019, IYICWA RYAKAREGEYA, BURUNDI,IBITERO MURI KENYA NA KONGO... Muhawe ikaze
Life in Burundi
05:23:46
Life in Burundi
karabaye iburundi igipolisi cu burundi cyafashe abo mumitwe y ududtsiko twabiba abantu uko byagenze
18:30:34
karabaye iburundi igipolisi cu burundi cyafashe abo mumitwe y ududtsiko twabiba abantu uko byagenze
 

Burundi Images

Robert Drewe on why he's never going to Burundi
Robert Drewe on why he's never going to Burundi
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Maps of Rwanda | Detailed map of Rwanda in English ...
Short break in Lake Ohrid, Macedonia | Wanderlust
Short break in Lake Ohrid, Macedonia | Wanderlust
Country Guides - World Travel Guide
Country Guides - World Travel Guide
logo-deloitte-photoshop - Alliance For Coffee Excellence
logo-deloitte-photoshop - Alliance For Coffee Excellence
White house Vector Image - 1553070 | StockUnlimited
White house Vector Image - 1553070 | StockUnlimited
File:China on the globe (Asia centered) (alternative).svg ...
File:China on the globe (Asia centered) (alternative).svg ...
Casa Mila (La Pedrera), Barcelona, Spain - Map, Facts ...
Casa Mila (La Pedrera), Barcelona, Spain - Map, Facts ...
Aula Magna - Château de Chillon™
Aula Magna - Château de Chillon™
Mauryan-era Ashoka pillar withers away | Media India Group
Mauryan-era Ashoka pillar withers away | Media India Group
 

Burundi WebSites

 

Burundi Wiki

Burundi ( (listen), ), officially the Republic of Burundi (Kirundi: Republika y'Uburundi, [buˈɾundi]; French: République du Burundi, [buʁundi] or [byʁyndi]), is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It is also considered part of Central Africa. Burundi's capital is Gitega, having moved from Bujumbura in December 2018. The southwestern border is adjacent to Lake Tanganyika.The Twa, Hutu and Tutsi peoples have lived in Burundi for at least 500 years. For more than 200 of those years, Burundi was an independent kingdom, until the beginning of the 20th century, when Germany colonised the region. After the First World War and Germany's defeat, it ceded the territory to Belgium. Both Germans and Belgians ruled Burundi and Rwanda as a European colony known as Ruanda-Urundi. Despite common misconceptions, Burundi and Rwanda had never been under common rule until the time of European colonisation.Burundi gained independence in 1962 and initially had a monarchy, but a series of assassinations, coups and a general climate of regional instability culminated in the establishment of a republic and one-party state in 1966. Bouts of ethnic cleansing and ultimately two civil wars and genocides during the 1970s and again in the 1990s left the country undeveloped and its population as one of the world's poorest. 2015 witnessed large-scale political strife as President Pierre Nkurunziza opted to run for a third term in office, a coup attempt failed and the country's parliamentary and presidential elections were broadly criticised by members of the international community.The sovereign state of Burundi political system is that of a presidential representative democratic republic based upon a multi-party state. The President of Burundi is the head of state and head of government. There are currently 21 registered parties in Burundi. On 13 March 1992, Tutsi coup leader Pierre Buyoya established a constitution, which provided for a multi-party political process and reflected multi-party competition. Six years later, on 6 June 1998, the constitution was changed, broadening National Assembly's seats and making provisions for two vice-presidents. Because of the Arusha Accord, Burundi enacted a transitional government in 2000. In October 2016, Burundi informed the UN of its intention to withdraw from the International Criminal Court.Burundi remains an overwhelmingly rural society, with just 13% of the population living in urban areas in 2013. The population density of around 315 people per square kilometre (753 per sq mi) is the second highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. Roughly 85% of the population are of Hutu ethnic origin, 15% are Tutsi, and fewer than 1% are indigenous Twa. The official languages of Burundi are Kirundi, French and English, Kirundi being recognised officially as the sole national language.One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi has an equatorial climate. Burundi is a part of the Albertine Rift, the western extension of the East African Rift. The country lies on a rolling plateau in the centre of Africa. The highest peak, Mount Heha at 2,685 m (8,810 ft), lies to the southeast of the largest city, Bujumbura. The most distant source of the River Nile is the Ruvyironza River in the Bururi Province of Burundi, the Nile is linked from Lake Victoria to its headwaters via the Kagera River to the Ruvyironza River. Another major lake is Lake Tanganyika, located in much of Burundi's southwestern corner. There are two national parks, Kibira National Park to the northwest (a small region of rain forest, adjacent to Nyungwe Forest National Park in Rwanda), and Ruvubu National Park to the northeast (along the Rurubu River, also known as Ruvubu or Ruvuvu). Both were established in 1982 to conserve wildlife populations. Burundi's lands are mostly agricultural or pasture.Settlement by rural populations has led to deforestation, soil erosion and habitat loss. Deforestation of the entire country is almost completely due to overpopulation, with a mere 600 km2 (230 sq mi) remaining and an ongoing loss of about 9% per annum. In addition to poverty, Burundians often have to deal with corruption, weak infrastructure, poor access to health and education services, and hunger. Burundi is densely populated and has had substantial emigration as young people seek opportunities elsewhere. The World Happiness Report 2018 ranked Burundi as the world's least happy nation with a rank of 156.