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Chile NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Thu, 17 Jan 2019 01:20:28 GMTGoogle News
Ireland wrap up Chile series with impressive win Hockey  RTE.ie

A much-improved performance saw Ireland end their four-match series in Santiago with a comprehensive defeat of their hosts Chile.

Ireland women lose 3-0 to Chile in third Santiago game  BBC Sport

Ireland women go down 3-0 to Chile in the third of four matches between the sides in Santiago.

BBC Sport
New solidarity for the Mapuche indigenous movement in today's Chile  Open Democracy

The murder of the Mapuche community member Catrillanca at the hands of the Special Forces has become a matter of solidarity towards the Mapuche people ...

Open Democracy
These Well-Crafted Chile-Chicken Nachos Take Every Component Seriously  Bon Appetit

The chile-chicken nachos you'll need at your Super Bowl party this year to feed a hungry crowd, effortlessly.

Bon Appetit
Israeli traveler evacuated from Torre Del Paine trek in Chile  The Jerusalem Post - Israel News

The traveler sent the SOS through a satellite device created by MAGNUS, an international search & rescue *service* provider.

The Jerusalem Post - Israel News
Exclusive: Chile nuclear watchdog weighs probe into fraud over lithium exports - documents  Reuters

Chile's nuclear watchdog CCHEN is considering an investigation into potential fraud after an audit found that the agency for decades failed to properly record ...

Ireland women held to second straight draw by Chile in their four-match Test series  BBC Sport

Ireland women were held to another draw by Chile in the second game of their four-match Test series in Santiago. The World Cup finalists recovered from ...

BBC Sport
Music 9 Chilean Artists Experimenting With R&B Sounds  Remezcla

Chile has yet to produce its Frank Ocean or Mary J. Blige (as has the rest of world, for that matter), but that is not to say that it has no R&B history. Back in the late ...

Ireland kick off 2019 with stalemate in Chile  RTE.ie

Ireland played out a stalemate with Chile in their opening international of the year, the first of a four-match Test series in Santiago.

Island helicopter will get Russian piggyback ride to Chile  Times Colonist

A Russian-built heavy-transport aircraft arrives in Victoria today to pick up a VIH Aviation Group firefighting helicopter and carry it to Chile. The Ilyushin Il-76 ...

Times Colonist
Chilean bishops meet Francis a year after the pope's disastrous trip  NBCNews.com

A delegation of Chilean bishops met Monday with Pope Francis a year after he threw his papacy into turmoil by defending a Chilean bishop accused of covering ...

Chile nuclear watchdog may probe fraud over lithium exports - Reuters  Seeking Alpha

Chile's nuclear watchdog is considering an investigation into potential fraud after an audit found the agency for decades failed to properly record lithium exports, ...

Seeking Alpha
corten steel visitors center punctuates vastness of chile's atacama desert  Designboom

chilean architects emilio marín and juan carlos lópez construct a public information center in the atacama desert, the driest in the world. the 'center of ...

iShares MSCI Chile ETF: Chile Macro Outlook 2019  Seeking Alpha

Economic growth accelerated in 2018 to an estimated 4%, the fastest rate in 5 years with momentum expected to continue. Chile is benefiting from strong ...

Seeking Alpha
Chile's Patagonia To Become An Open-Air Lab To Study Climate Change  NDTV News

In one of the most inhospitable places on Earth, the southernmost part of Chile's Patagonia region, scientists are studying whales, dolphins and algae in order to ...

Mainstream raises Chile war chest  reNEWS

Mainstream Renewable Power has closed a €90m trade finance facility with DNB and HSBC banks to support the development of wind and solar projects in ...

BBC World Service - Outlook, How to create wild hairstyles for Chile's footballers  BBC News

The hairstyles of Chilean footballers can be quite spectacular. Arturo Vidal, who plays for the Spanish club Barcelona, has a spiky mohawk with patterns shaved ...

BBC News
Slums on the rise in Chile  Reuters

The number of slums in Chile, one of Latin America's most prosperous and stable economies, has nearly doubled since 2011, the government said on ...

Chile in a Case | Wine-Searcher News & Features  Wine-Searcher

For a taste of Chile, W. Blake Gray recommends the following. Read the latest wine news & features on wine-searcher.

Ireland lose third game of Four-Match Test Series with Chile  Belfast Newsletter

Ireland were defeated 3-0 by Chile in Santiago in the third game of the Four Match Test Series.

Belfast Newsletter
DP World signs acquisition agreement for Chile port operator  Yahoo Finance

Major port operator DP World said on Sunday it had agreed to acquire a 71.3 percent stake in Chile's Puertos y Logistica (Pulogsa) from Minera Valparaiso and ...

Yahoo Finance
North Korean hackers infiltrate Chile's ATM network after Skype job interview  ZDNet

Redbanc employee applied for a LinkedIn job and got a call from the world's most active hacker crews.

Wildfires tear through Chile  Al Jazeera English

More than 100 people have been displaced by the blazes to the west of the capital, Santiago.

Al Jazeera English
Large Russian aircraft arrives in Victoria to piggyback Island helicopter to Chile  CHEK

All eyes were on the sky today as a Russian heavy-duty transport aircraft made a soft landing at YYJ. The Ilyushin Il-76 is set to piggyback an island-based ...

Take the long view: Chile revisited | Travel  The Guardian

In three trips over 25 years, writer Sara Wheeler has discovered as much about this South American country as she has about herself.

The Guardian
DP World Offers $502 Million to Buy Chile Ports Operator Pulogsa  Bloomberg

DP World Ltd. plans to offer $502 million to acquire Chile ports company Puertos y Logistica as the Dubai-based ports operator expands in Latin America.

Lithium Chile Plans Second Program for Additional TEM and Follow Up Drilling on The Turi Prospect  Canada NewsWire

TSX Venture Exchange: LITH OTC-QB: LTMCF CALGARY, Jan. 16, 2019 /CNW/ - Lithium Chile Inc. ('Lithium Chile" or the "Company") is pleased to announce ...

Canada NewsWire
COP25 host Chile must sign the Escazú Agreement  Diálogo Chino

The recent Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP24) held in Katowice, Poland, agreed to host the 2019 summit in Chile. COP25 is a core ...

Diálogo Chino
Chile police chief asked to resign over Mapuche killing  BBC News

Chile's President Sebastián Piñera has asked the country's police chief, Hermes Soto, to stand down amid growing pressure over the death of an indigenous ...

BBC News
Chile investigates Los Fiordos worker's death  Undercurrent News

Chilean officials are investigating the death of a vessel crew member who worked for salmon farmer Los Fiordos after his body was recovered from the ocean, ...

Undercurrent News
Chile considers new 19 percent tax on multinational e-commerce firms  Reuters

(Reuters) - Chile is weighing proposals for a new tax of up to 19 percent on multinational digital commerce companies with local operations Finance Minister ...

Datasalmon: Chile salmon price to US, China dips slightly in week two  Undercurrent News

Spot prices for Chilean farmed salmon sold to the US and China dipped marginally in the second week of 2018, according to data distributed by DataSalmon [...] ...

Undercurrent News
Maipo Valley, Chile | 10 Best Wine Destinations of 2019  Wine Enthusiast Magazine

With massive Andean peaks as a backdrop, the Maipo Valley ranks as one of Chile's most picturesque spots. It's also home to some of the country's top wines.

Wine Enthusiast Magazine
Shaw set to blood some new faces in Chile series  Independent.ie

Ireland's women play their first official Test matches since their World Cup heroics when they take on Chile four times, starting on tomorrow evening in Santiago.

Port strike turns violent in Chile, complicates fruit exports  Reuters

A month-long worker's strike and protests in Chile's flagship port of Valparaiso turned increasingly violent and spread to other ports along the nation's Pacific ...

Chilean lakeside Split House is divided into spaces for children and adults  Dezeen

Chilean architecture office Hsu Gabriel Architects has completed a holiday home comprising a pair of timber-clad volumes, which are angled to make the most of ...

Changes Introduced In Patents And Designs By Chilean Draft IP Law - Intellectual Property - Chile  Mondaq News Alerts

On October 2, 2018, a new draft law was sent to the Chilean Congress to update the Law No. 19039 on Industrial Property, the Law No. 20254, which ...

Mondaq News Alerts
Chile's copper production to exceed 6 million tonnes for first time in 2019  MINING.com

Copper output in Chile, the leading producing nation, is expected to exceed 6 million tonnes for the first time this year and continue to rise by about 30% over the ...

Renewables grow to 20.8% share in Chile's power mix  Renewables Now

January 9 (Renewables Now) – Chile has entered the new year with a 20.8% share of renewable energy in the country's power mix reached in 2018,

Renewables Now
Chile issues 2019 wildfire warning amid heat forecasts  Climate Home

As massive fires burn in the centre of Chile, dry, windy predictions for the summer mean 70000 hectares could be lost, the government warns.

Climate Home
BRIEF-Grenergy Renovables Sells Two Photovoltaic Solar Projects In Chile  ETEnergyworld.com


Cristobal Saavedra-Corvalan of Chile banned for more than 2 years  ESPN

LONDON -- A Chilean tennis player has been suspended for more than two years for failing to cooperate with an investigation conducted by the Tennis Integrity ...

Botanical art showcasing the beauty of Chilean flora comes to Dawyck  Peeblesshire News

THE work of three award-winning botanical artists is set to go on display at Dawyck Botanic Garden, near Stobo.

Peeblesshire News
Explainer: SQM and Chile reach lithium deal, but Atacama water woes continue  Reuters

Chile's environmental regulator this week approved a $25 million compliance plan by lithium miner SQM , ending a multi-year investigation by authorities that ...

Report: USMNT to face Chile and Ecuador in March  Stars and Stripes FC

With January Camp underway, Doug McIntyre of Yahoo! Sports is reporting that the United States Men's National Team have scheduled friendlies with two South ...

Stars and Stripes FC
Flashing lights protect livestock in Chile — by deterring pumas  University of Wisconsin-Madison

A field assistant and farmer install a camera trap near the herd's sleeping site. With motion detection, the researchers were able to confirm the presence of ...

University of Wisconsin-Madison
Sociedad Quimica y Minera de Chile (SQM) Receives Average Rating of “Hold” from Analysts  Fairfield Current

Shares of Sociedad Quimica y Minera de Chile (NYSE:SQM) have earned a consensus rating of “Hold” from the thirteen analysts that are presently covering the ...

Fairfield Current
Final free trade agreement approved by Chile and Argentina  Chile Herald

After over a year of negotiations, last week the Chilean Senate of Valparaiso finally approved a Free Trade Agreement between Chile and Argentina.

Chile Herald
Chile: Anti-monopoly Court Rules to Keep Crypto Exchanges’ Bank Accounts Open  Cointelegraph

News. The Chilean anti-monopoly court has again granted protection to local cryptocurrency exchanges by forcing banks to keep their accounts open, financial ...

Argentina's Vaca Muerta Shale Gas Entering Chile Market  Natural Gas Intelligence

In a move that only recently seemed unthinkable, Argentina has started sending natural gas from the emerging Vaca Muerta formation to various points in Chile ...

Natural Gas Intelligence
Inside La Dacha – a rustic Chilean mountain retreat  The Spaces

Architect Nicolas del Rio has put a South American twist on the Alpine chalet for his retreat in the foothills of the Andes in Chile. La Dacha – available to rent via ...

The Spaces
'Get in quickly, commit large amount of crime and leave': how Chilean gang operated  The Sydney Morning Herald

Social media and property prices helped a South American "fly-in-fly-out" criminal syndicate, whose members allegedly stole more than $1.2 million worth of ...

The Sydney Morning Herald
Long awaited head installed at Chile's new science ministry  Chemistry World

The Chilean government finally has a director for its new science ministry, which was officially created over this summer, and the country's research community is ...

Chemistry World
Top Chilean wines to drink now - Decanter  decanter.com

John Stimpfig picks out some top Chilean wines for drinking now, including wines from Errazuriz, Concha y Toro and Montes...

USMNT in talks to host Chile for international friendly in March as Berhalter era begins  CBSSports.com

It's an exciting time for U.S. Soccer, especially concerning the United States men's national team. The federation finally announced the hiring of Gregg Berhalter ...

The Chilean Way: The Road Taken Towards Electric Public Transport  CleanTechnica

December 23rd, 2018 by Sponsored *Content*. The first electric vehicle charger in Santiago, Chile, and Latin America as a whole, was installed by Enel Group in ...

Chilean Patagonia: an open-air lab for study of climate change  The Phnom Penh Post

IN ONE of the most inhospitable places on Earth, the southernmost part of Chile's Patagonia region, scientists are studying whales, dolphins and algae in order ...

The Phnom Penh Post
Chile's Collahuasi plans resource sharing with Canada's Teck Resources  Reuters

(Reuters) - Chile's Collahuasi copper mine is talking to Canada's Teck Resources Ltd (TECKb.TO) about resource-sharing as the two companies embark on ...

Chilean, Peruvian Armies Prepare for Emergency Response  Dialogo Americas

Exercise Army Understanding 2018 was the result of a long process of integration between the two institutions.

Dialogo Americas
Chilean bishops meet Francis year after disastrous pope trip  New Jersey Herald

A delegation of Chilean bishops has met with Pope Francis a year after he threw his papacy into turmoil by strongly defending a Chilean bishop accused of ...

New Jersey Herald
First Chilean fruit ship arrives at Gloucester Marine Terminal  The Packer

Gloucester City, N.J.-based Gloucester Marine Terminal LLC celebrated the first arrival of *fresh* Chilean fruit Dec. 17.

The Packer
Chile's salmon purple patch is likely to continue into 2019: Rabobank  Undercurrent News

Chilean salmon output will surge 20% in 2018 as farmers harvested bigger fish with lower mortality. The good moment is likely to continue into 2019, according ...

Undercurrent News
Chilean Banks Urge Anti-Monopoly Court to Revoke Decision Protecting Crypto Exchanges  Cointelegraph

News. Two major Chilean banks have urged the country's anti-monopoly court to revoke its decision that prevents the closure of local crypto exchanges' banking ...

Chile's Anti-Monopoly Court Resolves to Keep Bank Accounts Open for Cryptocurrency Firms  CryptoGlobe

Cryptocurrency trading desks in Chile have reportedly been granted protection by the nation's anti-monopoly court, which requires that financial institutions ...

Chile's LATAM Airlines is world's most punctual airline 2019  Yahoo News

Flyers aboard LATAM Airlines are most likely to make their connecting flight and arrive at their destination on time, according to a new ranking of the world's most ...

Yahoo News
Tourists accused of damaging ancient Chilean glyph  9news.com.au

Chilean authorities have arrested three unnamed Belgian tourists on suspicion of causing damage to the Atacama Giant, a geoglyph that dates from the 10th ...

Chilean Treasury Launches Blockchain Platform to Process Public Payments  Cointelegraph

News. The Chilean General Treasury of the Republic (TGR), which oversees tax collection in the country, has launched a blockchain platform to process ...

Chile Watch: Banking law, regulator merger, Banco de Chile-Transbank  Business News Americas

Chile's President Sebastián Piñera (pictured) signed a banking bill into law. The law, which amends existing legislation, brings sector rules in line .

Business News Americas
Australian police smash international shoplifting syndicate 'run by Chilean tourists'  The Sydney Morning Herald

The syndicate is allegedly responsible for a shoplifting and burglary spree that stretches to sporting stores in Melbourne and luxury homes in Sydney.

The Sydney Morning Herald
casa huentelauquen by felipe gonzalez overlooks chilean deserted landscape  Designboom

casa huentelauquen is a house designed for a retired couple who decided to move from the capital to live in a quiet town in northern chile.

Cardinal Capital Management Acquires 480 Shares of Banco Santander-Chile (BSAC)  Fairfield Current

Cardinal Capital Management boosted its holdings in shares of Banco Santander-Chile (NYSE:BSAC) by 1.1% in the fourth quarter, according to the company in ...

Fairfield Current
Industry group: Don't settle for fake Hatch chile  Santa Fe New Mexican

The New Mexico Chile Association believes as much as half of the chile promoted as Hatch chile grows neither in Hatch nor in New Mexico.

Santa Fe New Mexican
Chilean bishops' president names delegate to replace him at papal meeting  Catholic Herald Online

At the Vatican summit to discuss sex abuse next month, the secretary general of the Chilean Bishops Conference will take the place of the conference president, ...

Catholic Herald Online
Soldier recounts experience at Chilean Mountain Warfare School  United States Army

Staff Sgt. Norberto Rodriguez discusses his experience at the Chilean Mountain Warfare School.

United States Army
Chilean teen to be extradited to NSW over her role in alleged theft syndicate  The Sydney Morning Herald

A South American teenager who police will allege was part of an international theft syndicate that stole over $1 million worth of high-end goods will be extradited ...

The Sydney Morning Herald
Chilean suspects identified in Aspen jewelry robbery  Aspen Times

Aspen police have identified three Chilean men as suspects in the theft of hundreds of thousands of dollar's worth of jewelry from the lobby of The Little Nell ...

Aspen Times
New Mexico woman creates green chile paper  KRQE News 13

From the familiar smell to that kick of heat, green chile roots run deep in New Mexico.

KRQE News 13
Halton police help Australian authorities smash alleged Chilean crime syndicate  InsideHalton.com

Halton police say that they have assisted Australian authorities in smashing an alleged Chilean crime syndicate, which was previously active in Halton and ...

Photos of the Week: Space Snowman, Chilean Puma, Frozen Beak  The Atlantic

A wild encounter in Scotland, a lunar landing made by China, snow on the Grand Canyon, ice castles in Utah, and much more.

The Atlantic
Killing of Indigenous Man in Chile Spurs Criticism of Security Forces  The New York Times

SANTIAGO, Chile — The killing of a young indigenous man by an antiterrorism police squad has intensified longstanding criticism over the treatment of native ...

The New York Times
Chile bets on electric vehicles to combat smog, advance clean mobility in Latin America  NBCNews.com

Chile brings many electric scooters, cars, taxis and lorries for mining in an effort to face Santiago city's smog issue, be at the forefront of clean mobility.

Ana González, Campaigner for Chile’s Missing, Dies at 93  The New York Times

After four members of her family disappeared under the Pinochet dictatorship, she crusaded tirelessly on behalf of other families who lost loved ones.

The New York Times
Chile promises to investigate Mapuche killing  BBC News

Protests break out after the grandson of an indigenous leader is shot dead during a police operation.

BBC News
In Chile, this man has an epic train set in his backyard. They're real trains.  NBCNews.com

In Chile, José Zagal collects trains in his backyard, but these are real trains. Zagal has "saved" many of these railway cars after the late dictator Augusto Pinochet ...

'Migration is not a human right': Chile declines to sign UN pact  The Sydney Morning Herald

Chile has become the latest country to pull out of a controversial United Nations migration pact.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Catholic Church Faces Reckoning in Chile as Sex Abuse Scandal Widens  The New York Times

SANTIAGO, Chile — The 20 men and women rose quietly from their pews during Mass at the Cathedral of Santiago one day last week, unfurled a banner and ...

The New York Times
In Chilean Patagonia, Following a Track to the End of the World  The New York Times

In a remote park on Chile's new Route of Parks, a rugged landscape yields riches for wildlife lovers.

The New York Times
He Died Giving a Voice to Chile’s Poor. A Quest for Justice Took Decades.  The New York Times

The activist folk singer Victor Jara was murdered in the days after a 1973 coup that brought Gen. Augusto Pinochet to power. A quest for his killers led to a ...

The New York Times
FEATURE-Chile drives electric vehicle rollout in Latin America  CNBC

The initiative puts Chile at the forefront of clean mobility in Latin America as well as among developing countries worldwide. Chile has just 40 public charging ...

Sebastián Piñera tries to put Chile back on track  The Economist

IN HIS FIRST term in the Moneda palace between 2010 and 2014, Sebastián Piñera, a billionaire businessman of the centre-right, oversaw rapid economic ...

The Economist
Steering Chile away from the middle-income trap  The Economist

OCTOBER 5th 1988 was a good day for Chile. In a plebiscite voters rejected a proposal by Augusto Pinochet, who had taken power 15 years before, to extend ...

The Economist
China’s BYD further drives into Chile with 100 electric buses  TechCrunch

Over the past few years, Chinese automaker giant BYD has been on a partnership spree with cities across China to electrify their public transportation systems, ...

UFO group in partnership with Chilean government: sightings on rise  Radio New Zealand

A UFO organisation with links to the Chilean government is investigating eight reports of strange phenomena across New Zealand skies this year and says ...

Radio New Zealand
Chile: four police officers arrested over fatal shooting of indigenous man  The Guardian

Public fury over the death of Camilo Catrillanca, the grandson of a prominent Mapuche leader, has led to massive protests. John Bartlett in Santiago. Thu 29 Nov ...

The Guardian
Living in Chile, a country deeply ill at ease in its inequality  The Irish Times

Reading about Ireland from afar, I'm increasingly concerned it won't be so different.

The Irish Times
Conservative, Catholic Chile approves landmark transgender law  Reuters

SANTIAGO (Reuters) - Chilean President Sebastian Pinera on Wednesday signed into law a bill allowing people over the age of 14 to change their name and ...

Pope Defrocks 2 Retired Chilean Bishops Over Sexual Abuse of Minors  The New York Times

ROME — Pope Francis on Saturday expelled from the priesthood two retired Chilean bishops accused of abusing minors, and made it clear they had no ...

The New York Times
Forget prosciutto and pepperoni, Mexico City’s ‘pizza exótica’ bears chile relleno and chapulines  Los Angeles Times

Mexico City is known for its succulent tacos and exquisite seafood. Now it's also becoming known for its unusual pizza, sporting blue corn crusts and toppings ...

Los Angeles Times
Dine 909: Rancho Cucamonga’s Chile Red has closed  Inland Valley Daily Bulletin

Established in 1985, longtime Rancho Cucamonga Mexican restaurant Chile Red is no longer. It was one of my go-to lunch spots — I basically survived on their ...

Inland Valley Daily Bulletin
The Chilean Wine Revolution Expands  Forbes

A quiet wine making revolution is sweeping across Chile. A shift in focus – land over brand, as some say.


Chile Videos

Estudio Cepal: Chile y Uruguay son los países de Latinoamérica con  menor índice de pobreza
Estudio Cepal: Chile y Uruguay son los países de Latinoamérica con menor índice de pobreza
Mayoría de niños nacen fuera del matrimonio en Chile
Mayoría de niños nacen fuera del matrimonio en Chile
15 Things You Didn't Know About CHILE
15 Things You Didn't Know About CHILE
Geography Now! Chile
Geography Now! Chile
10 LIES You Were Told about Chile that Weren't True
10 LIES You Were Told about Chile that Weren't True
Embajador argentino en Chile aconseja a periodistas argentinos que quieren modelo chileno
Embajador argentino en Chile aconseja a periodistas argentinos que quieren modelo chileno
Whew Chile...The SOFTNESS! | Gelle vs Custard on Natural Hair
Whew Chile...The SOFTNESS! | Gelle vs Custard on Natural Hair
Adiós definitivo a UNASUR, Chile y Colombia crearán PROSUR
Adiós definitivo a UNASUR, Chile y Colombia crearán PROSUR

Chile Images

2007 Six Days Chile Pre Ride dag 3-4
2007 Six Days Chile Pre Ride dag 3-4
Start-Up Chile's Portfolio of Real Estate Start-Ups ...
Start-Up Chile's Portfolio of Real Estate Start-Ups ...
Lauca National Park, Chile | Ben Tubby | Flickr
Lauca National Park, Chile | Ben Tubby | Flickr
Foto muy antigua de Cartagena | Vista en simbolospatrios ...
Foto muy antigua de Cartagena | Vista en simbolospatrios ...
With 115 MW Order, Gamesa Expands Latin American Presence ...
With 115 MW Order, Gamesa Expands Latin American Presence ...
Video Suhaila Salimpour Chile 2011
Video Suhaila Salimpour Chile 2011
Iafis Group
Iafis Group

Chile WebSites


Chile Wiki

Chile ( (listen); Spanish: [ˈtʃile]), officially the Republic of Chile (Spanish: República de Chile ), is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.The arid Atacama Desert in northern Chile contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources, and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.Spain conquered and colonized the region in the mid-16th century, replacing Inca rule in the north and centre, but failing to conquer the independent Mapuche who inhabited what is now south-central Chile. After declaring its independence from Spain in 1818, Chile emerged in the 1830s as a relatively stable authoritarian republic. In the 19th century, Chile saw significant economic and territorial growth, ending Mapuche resistance in the 1880s and gaining its current northern territory in the War of the Pacific (1879–83) after defeating Peru and Bolivia. In the 1960s and 1970s, the country experienced severe left-right political polarization and turmoil. This development culminated with the 1973 Chilean coup d'état that overthrew Salvador Allende's democratically elected left-wing government and instituted a 16-year-long right-wing military dictatorship that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing. The regime, headed by Augusto Pinochet, ended in 1990 after it lost a referendum in 1988 and was succeeded by a center-left coalition which ruled through four presidencies until 2010.The modern sovereign state of Chile is among South America's most economically and socially stable and prosperous nations, with a high-income economy and high living standards. It leads Latin American nations in rankings of human development, competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, state of peace, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption. It also ranks high regionally in sustainability of the state, and democratic development. Chile is a member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), joining in 2010. Currently it also has the lowest homicide rate in South America. Chile is a founding member of the United Nations, the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC).