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El Salvador NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Tue, 15 Jan 2019 18:47:26 GMTGoogle News
Bringing some of El Salvador to the Valley with Gloria's Pupuseria  Staunton News Leader

From an operation out of the back of their car, to food truck to a now expanded storefront, Gloria's Pupuseria has become a place to go in Staunton.

Staunton News Leader
Book sale Saturday to benefit university students in El Salvador  The Daily Courier

A used book sale in support of the scholarship program of First United Church in Kelowna will be held this Saturday.

The Daily Courier
Immigrants From El Salvador, Hopeful and Fearful for Future  The New York Times

They married and had a child even though they lived many miles apart. Now they're together in the United States but don't know if they can stay.

The New York Times
On trial: El Salvador's abortion ban | News  The Guardian

The shocking case of Imelda Cortez has put El Salvador's strict abortion laws in the spotlight. Human rights lawyer Paula Avila-Guillen and reporter Nina ...

The Guardian
A month after asylum-seeker's return to El Salvador, a gang made good on death threats  Chicago Tribune

The threats from MS-13 had become incessant. There were handwritten letters, phone calls and text messages that all said the same thing: The gang was ...

Chicago Tribune
Change of Her Majesty's Ambassador to El Salvador during Summer 2019  GOV.UK

Mr David Lelliott OBE has been appointed Her Majesty's Ambassador to the Republic of El Salvador.

Milagro Chronicles Xiomara Torres' Path From El Salvador to the Oregon Judiciary  Willamette Week

When Xiomara Torres crossed the U.S.-Mexico border into California at age 9 as an undocumented immigrant, she wasn't scared. "I was too young to know what ...

Willamette Week
El Salvador court frees woman jailed under anti-abortion laws  BBC News

A woman who was jailed for attempted murder under El Salvador's strict anti-abortion laws has been freed. Imelda Cortez, 20, says she became pregnant by her ...

BBC News
In El Salvador, a good credit history opens doors for a businesswoman  Oxfam America

A born entrepreneur gets the capital she needs to expand her business. Rubelina Guevara's second store has been open for less than a year, and it's still a work ...

Oxfam America
In El Salvador, youth are key to unlocking economic prosperity  Devex

COLÓN, El Salvador — In a region of El Salvador where gangs can determine which street someone can cross and which they cannot, it can be difficult for youth ...

El Salvador's top cop pursues politicians; now some want him gone  Reuters

SAN SALVADOR (Reuters) - When El Salvador's legislative assembly confirmed little-known Douglas Melendez as attorney general in 2016, many here thought ...

El Salvador works to strengthen its child protection system  Devex

SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador — El Salvador is working with Save the Children to increase the capacity of its child protection system by implementing a pilot ...

Are Mexico, El Salvador, and Honduras Under Insurgent Attack?  smallwarsjournal

Failure of national authorities in Mexico, El Salvador, and Honduras pose risks to the well-being of the United States. First, state failure in El Salvador and ...

The Latest: El Salvador pushes back against Trump's comments  Washington Post

The government of El Salvador is pushing back against President Donald Trump's assertion that it doesn't do enough to stem migration to the United States.

Washington Post
Trump vows to cut aid to Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador amid border security showdown  Washington Times

President Trump vowed Friday to cut off aid to Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, saying those countries take advantage of the U.S. and are complicit in ...

Washington Times
Police arrest dozens of suspected MS gang members in El Salvador raids  UPI News

Dec. 18 (UPI) -- El Salvador police arrested dozens of suspected members of the country's most dangerous gangs during coordinated raids Tuesday, officials ...

UPI News
El Salvador woman who sued Maryland county for wrongful arrest detained by ICE  Fox News

A prominent Maryland immigration activist -- who lives in the United States illegally -- was detained Tuesday by Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents ...

Fox News
El Salvador is the latest country to worry pharma over compulsory licensing.  STAT

Two El Salvadoran ministers want to change existing law to allow the government to issue compulsory licenses for drugs used to combat various diseases.

The Corrupt Alliance of Two Former Presidents in El Salvador  Insightcrime.org

A new investigation has revealed that two former presidents of El Salvador formed a political alliance that helped them carry out clandestine operations -- some ...

Family: LI student killed in El Salvador car crash  Newsday

Family and friends are mourning the death of an 18-year-old Southampton High School student who was killed in a car crash over the Christmas break while ...

Funeral set for LI student killed in El Salvador crash  Newsday

More than two weeks after a car crash in El Salvador killed an 18-year-old Southampton High School senior during the holiday break, her friends and family will ...

El Salvador's Politicians Deny Attorney General Second Term  Voice of America

El Salvador's legislative assembly on Friday denied Attorney General Douglas Melendez a second term, after he pursued tough anti-corruption investigations ...

Voice of America
The Funes and Saca Tapes in El Salvador: A Plot Revealed  Insightcrime.org

Audio recordings obtained by Factum reveal meetings between a group of political operatives, led by then President Funes, who conspired to attack political ...

Airports have worse flight delays worse than El Salvador, India  The Australian

Flight delays have become a daily event at the nations biggest airports, with at least one in four arrivals more than 15 minutes behind schedule, and Australia is ...

The Australian
Surge Holdings Purchases Stake in El Salvador's Centercom Global  Nearshore Americas

Las Vegas-based financial technology company Surge Holdings Inc has picked up a 40% stake in Centercom Global, a BPO firm in El Salvador.

Nearshore Americas
El Salvador's 28-MW renewables tender attracts 18 bids  Renewables Now

December 21 (Renewables Now) - El Salvador's General Superintendence of Electricity and Telecommunications (SIGET) received a total of 18 bids in.

Renewables Now
Once lush, El Salvador is dangerously close to running dry  National Geographic

The country's shrinking water supply is in jeopardy as weak regulation, lagging services, and climate variability fuel a complex crisis.

National Geographic
Your Perfect Weekend in El Salvador: Discover Acantilados  Forbes

Get a taste of El Salvador by checking into its newest, most fabulous opening: Acantilados, the perfect place for a weekend getaway.

Digging up the dead in El Salvador to find the truth  Al Jazeera English

As a forensic archaeologist, Israel Ticas has solved more than 500 homicide and missing persons cases.

Al Jazeera English
A new migrant caravan from El Salvador is making its way north  The Washington Post

SAN SALVADOR — A caravan of an estimated 200 migrants departed here on Sunday en route to the United States, sparked by a similar group from Honduras ...

The Washington Post
White House Criticizes China Over El Salvador Recognition  The New York Times

El Salvador's decision to break diplomatic ties with Taiwan and establish them with China was “of grave concern,” the White House said.

The New York Times
New group of migrants heads for US after leaving El Salvador  The Guardian

A new group of migrants bound for the US has set off from El Salvador, following thousands of other Central Americans fleeing poverty and violence who have ...

The Guardian
How the killing of Karla Turcios changed El Salvador  BBC News

With hundreds of killings this year alone, El Salvador is one of the most dangerous places in the world to be a woman.

BBC News
Martyr priest, now Saint Romero, challenged power in El Salvador  Reuters

In 1980, a day after urging El Salvador's military to halt a string of abuses that would inflame a 12-year civil war in the impoverished country, Salvadoran ...

Taiwan says China 'out of control' as it loses El Salvador to Beijing  Reuters

Taiwan vowed on Tuesday to fight China's "increasingly out of control" behavior after Taipei lost another ally to Beijing when El Salvador became the third ...

New migrant caravan departs El Salvador for U.S.  Reuters

SAN FRANCISCO MENENDEZ, El Salvador (Reuters) - About 2,000 migrants set off on foot from El Salvador's capital on Wednesday, the latest of several ...

Another U.S.-bound caravan takes shape, this one from El Salvador  NBC News

The caravan's movement is likely to trigger fierce backlash from President Trump, who has stoked fear about El Salvadoran migrants and the dangerous MS-13 ...

NBC News
Can Megachurches Save El Salvador?  The New Republic

In a country torn apart by gang violence—forcing many to flee to the United States—evangelicalism is offering gang members a way out.

The New Republic
Women serving decades-long prison terms for abortion in El Salvador hope change is coming  The Washington Post

SAN SALVADOR — Alba Lorena Rodríguez was five months pregnant when she started to feel sharp pains in her stomach while at home in December 2009.

The Washington Post
The kids aren't alright — when being young is a crime in El Salvador  PRI

When Daniel Alemán walked free after spending over a year behind bars on trumped-up extortion charges in El Salvador, his family handed him a soccer ball.

In El Salvador, where abortion is illegal, a rape survivor who gave birth faces trial for attempted abortion  The Washington Post

Imelda Cortez woke up one morning nearly two years ago with a horrible pain in her stomach. She rushed to a nearby latrine, where she gave birth to a baby girl ...

The Washington Post
A 'Voice For The Voiceless': Sainthood For El Salvador's Archbishop Óscar Romero  NPR

Romero was an outspoken champion of the poor who pleaded for social justice during a time of widespread violence. On Sunday, Romero will be canonized as ...

El Salvador populist holds lead weeks ahead of presidential vote  Reuters

Nayib Bukele, the former mayor of El Salvador's capital, has maintained his wide lead in the run-up to the Feb. 3, 2019, presidential election in the crime-ridden ...

‘Finally, they will pay’: justice beckons for survivors of El Salvador massacre  The Guardian

Almost four decades on, military officers accused of participating in a brutal spree of rape and murder during El Salavdor's civil war are standing trial.

The Guardian
U.S. Weighed Penalizing El Salvador Over Support for China, Then Backed Off  The New York Times

WASHINGTON — The Trump administration considered severely penalizing El Salvador this month for severing diplomatic ties with Taiwan in a move that ...

The New York Times
The rape case in El Salvador shows what happens when hatred of women is enshrined in law  The Guardian

A 20-year-old woman has been imprisoned for 20 years for attempting to abort a baby conceived in a rape. It proves again that it is a deeply dangerous thing to ...

The Guardian
China to Give $150 million in Aid to El Salvador as Relationship Deepens  VOA News

China will give El Salvador $150 million to spur development of social and technological projects, the Salvadoran president said on Wednesday, the latest sign ...

VOA News
In El Salvador, poverty and gangs drive migration  WIS10

Although most of the 7000 migrants in the caravan wending its way through far-southern Mexico are Hondurans, some Salvadorans have also joined.

El Salvador says economy prompted diplomatic switch to China from Taiwan  Reuters

SAN SALVADOR (Reuters) - El Salvador said on Tuesday it hoped its economy would get a lift from China after it broke diplomatic ties with Taiwan in favor of ...

El Salvador arrests 4 more in black widow killing scheme  CTV News

Authorities in El Salvador say they have arrested four more people allegedly tied to the 'black widow' killing scheme in which a gang arranged marriages, killed ...

CTV News
El Salvador's disappearing farmers  Al Jazeera English

Salvadoran youth are abandoning the countryside, leaving behind an increasingly aging population of farmers.

Al Jazeera English
The Other Americans: In El Salvador and Elsewhere, China Emerges as a Source of Hope  Progressive.org

There is a battle brewing among countries seeking influence in Central America, and China is leading the way. Its goals include gaining political influence, and ...

Archbishop Óscar Romero Becomes a Saint, But His Death Still Haunts El Salvador  The New Yorker

Jon Lee Anderson writes about Pope Francis's recent canonization of Óscar Romero and how his death affected the political landscape in El Salvador.

The New Yorker
Brazil and Neymar put on a show in 5-0 friendly win over El Salvador  The Washington Post

Even the Salvadoran fans in attendance at FedEx Field can appreciate the greatness of the Brazilian national team, which followed up a victory over the U.S. ...

The Washington Post
El Salvador  Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International

In 2018 MSF returned to El Salvador to provide healthcare to communities affected by growing violence and insecurity.

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International
For many in El Salvador, brutal gangs control existence  PBS NewsHour

Extraordinary violence is among the factors pushing Central Americans north toward the U.S. In El Salvador, rival gangs like MS-13 and the 18th Street Gang kill ...

PBS NewsHour
Former El Salvador president sentenced to 10 years in prison  ABS-CBN News

An El Salvador tribunal sentenced former President Antonio Saca to 10 years in prison on Wednesday after he pleaded guilty to embezzlement and money ...

Boston 25 News takes you inside an El Salvador gang jail  Boston 25 News

A bitter gang battle with roots in Central America has deeply affected immigrant communities here in New England.

Boston 25 News
How the pro-life movement became entrenched in El Salvador  Harvard Gazette

Shortly after passing a total abortion ban in 1997, El Salvador became the first Latin American nation to incarcerate women who suffered stillbirths and other ...

Harvard Gazette
El Salvador government ministry implements pro-LGBTI policies  Washington Blade

The El Salvador Ministry of Justice and Public Safety on Nov. 12 announced the implementation of a policy that is designed to improve its policies towards the ...

Washington Blade
El Salvador's hidden tragedy: 'I can't take the agony any more'  Al Jazeera English

Even before making the perilous journey north, violence and economic hardship force many to relocate within El Salvador.

Al Jazeera English
US watching new migrant caravan forming in El Salvador: report | TheHill  The Hill

The Trump administration is monitoring a second so-called migrant caravan forming in El Salvador even as it prepares for the possible arrival of several ...

The Hill
Another caravan, this one with about 2,000 migrants, sets off from El Salvador  Global News

About 2,000 migrants set off on foot from El Salvador's capital on Wednesday, the latest of several groups of Central Americans heading to the United States, ...

Global News
Young U.S. Latino changes lives in El Salvador through soccer and 'The Power of Play'  NBCNews.com

L.A.-based Steven Levy, 29, never forgot the small, poor town in El Salvador where his mom came from. He used soccer to give kids in that town a different life, ...

Young Chefs In El Salvador Are Breathing New Life Into Traditional Cuisine  NPR

Cristina Reyes Clark winds her way through the bustling market in El Salvador's capital city, San Salvador, stopping to touch and smell fruits and vegetables ...

El Salvador issues arrest order for Archbishop Romero's killer  Reuters

SAN SALVADOR (Reuters) - A Salvadoran judge on Tuesday ordered the arrest of a former military officer suspected of ordering the 1980 killing of Archbishop ...

Families of thousands missing from El Salvador's civil war pin hopes on new commission  NBCNews.com

Families of the estimated 5000 people who went missing during the country's civil war hope the government's first commission seeking answers, ...

China Hosts El Salvador as Nations Cut Ties With Taiwan  VOA News

Salvadoran President Salvador Sanchez Ceren met with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, in Beijing on Thursday, just months after the small Central ...

VOA News
El Salvador: Floods - Oct 2018  ReliefWeb

Humanitarian situation reports, response plans, news, analyses, evaluations, assessments, maps, infographics and more on El Salvador: Floods - Oct 2018.

From Mass. To El Salvador, Families Are Bracing For The End Of TPS  WBUR

Isabel Quintanilla is FaceTiming with her daughter, Irma Flores. This is the easiest way for the two to keep in touch. Quintanilla lives in El Salvador and hasn't ...

El Salvador navy seizes record 6.3 metric tons of cocaine  News24

El Salvador's navy has seized 6.3 metric tons of cocaine from a semi-submersible boat in the Pacific Ocean.

Returning home: A new political reality for immigrants from El Salvador  The Washington Post

For 18 years, Guillermo Mendoza has built a life in the Washington suburbs, never once returning to his native El Salvador for a visit. He will soon lose his ...

The Washington Post
They Were Jailed for Miscarriages. Now, Campaign Aims to End Abortion Ban.  The New York Times

Women's rights groups in El Salvador are urging lawmakers to allow abortions when a woman's life is at risk and for minors who are raped.

The New York Times
Gangs in El Salvador are using women's bodies for 'revenge and control'  CNN

Women in El Salvador's brutal gang culture are forced to act as drug mules, carers for abandoned children, and subjected to violent gang initiations such as ...

El Salvador says minors separated from parents at US border were sexually abused in migrant shelters  CBS News

SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador -- Three minors from El Salvador separated from their parents after crossing the U.S. border were sexually abused in shelters in ...

CBS News
‘Our country is not a safe place’: why Salvadorans will still head for the US  The Guardian

Outside the migrants' attention centre in San Salvador, 19-year-old Berenice Cruz's eyes dart around nervously before she whispers that she had fled El ...

The Guardian
Troops won’t stop another exodus from El Salvador [Editorial]  Houston Chronicle

With the midterm elections decided, maybe President Donald Trump will finally stop whipping up xenophobic crowds by calling a U.S.-bound caravan of Central ...

Houston Chronicle
El Mozote massacre: Waiting for justice nearly 40 years later  Al Jazeera English

Juan Antonio Pereira watched as soldiers gunned down his wife and children. Now, the accused are finally standing trial.

Al Jazeera English
I go to El Salvador despite the danger because the kids there need my medical expertise  The Conversation - US

As the founder and director of Operation Airway, a nonprofit that treats kids with breathing problems, I have led teams of surgeons and other medical ...

The Conversation - US
El Salvador women jailed for abortion hope for change  Press Herald

SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador — Alba Lorena Rodriguez was five months pregnant when she started to feel sharp pains in her stomach while at home in ...

Press Herald
From pupusas to sopa, comfort foods shine at El Salvador  OnMilwaukee.com

El Salvador's menu is packed with three pages of options. Some are Mexican. A few hail from neighboring Honduras. But most have roots in El Salvador, ...

El Salvador’s most famous martyr, Óscar Romero, is canonised  The Economist

HE WAS ALREADY a popular saint. For years the faithful have congregated every Sunday for mass by his tomb in the crypt of the cathedral in San Salvador, ...

The Economist
Trump threatens to cut aid to El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras over migrants  The Week Magazine

President Trump tweeted Tuesday night that the United States has sent a message to several Central American countries regarding immigration. "We have today ...

The Week Magazine
Natural Disasters Monitoring - October 10, 2018 - El Salvador  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on El Salvador and 3 other countries about Flood and Tropical Cyclone; published on 10 Oct 2018 by PAHO.

In El Salvador, ruthless gangs draw invisible borders  Yahoo News

Soyapango (El Salvador) (AFP) - Facing the majestic Chinchontepec volcano a seemingly bucolic path runs past a suburb of El Salvador's capital -- but this ...

Yahoo News
‘I wanted to start a new life. I was sick of the situation in El Salvador’  Irish Times

New to the Parish: José Muñoz arrived in Ireland in 2016.

Irish Times
100 Women: Playing mother to El Salvador's gang children  BBC News

Gangs in El Salvador have found a new way to enslave women - by forcing them to raise other people's children.

BBC News
El Salvador warns migrants against traveling to the U.S.  Washington Post

SAN SALVADOR — One of El Salvador's top diplomats on Wednesday described conditions at shelters for migrant children in the United States as “totally ...

Washington Post
Homicides Down, Disappearances Up: El Salvador's Conflicting Numbers  Insightcrime.org

Homicide rates in El Salvador are set to be at their lowest in years, yet the number of disappearances has increased dramatically in the same time, suggesting ...

El Salvador prosecutors request extradition of former president Funes  Reuters

SAN SALVADOR (Reuters) - El Salvador's attorney general has asked a judge to approve a request for former President Mauricio Funes to be extradited home ...

Additional ambulances increase access to healthcare | El Salvador  Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International

With two additional vehicles, one of which is equipped to provide medical treatment, MSF is increasing its support of the Comandos de Salvamento ambulance ...

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International
'The only way out is through Jesus': The El Salvador pastors saving MS-13 gang members - video  The Guardian

In El Salvador, where brutal gangs like MS-13 and 18th Street have given the country the world's highest murder rate, the only way out for gang members is ...

The Guardian
What's behind the El Salvador migration crisis?  Oxfam America

Chris Hufstader reports from El Salvador, where young people—particularly girls—struggle to live free from the violence driving so many to leave the country.

Oxfam America
What's Behind El Salvador's Recent Drop in Homicides?  Insightcrime.org

In September, homicides in El Salvador declined to levels that the Central American nation hasn't seen since a truce was agreed upon between the country's ...

BBC World Service - Newsday, El Salvador: Woman who gave birth to rapist's baby faces 20 years in jail  BBC News

A 20 year old woman in El Salvador is awaiting trial for the attempted murder of her baby, despite police officers finding the child alive and well. Imelda Cortez ...

BBC News
Bangor, El Salvador relationship continues to grow at tree commemoration ceremony  Bangor Daily News

The ceremony commemorated a crab apple tree planted in the park in 1995 as a symbolic gesture of solidarity and hope for the two communities.. Maine news ...

Bangor Daily News
Ministry of Culture of El Salvador holds seminar and bilateral talks with Belize delegation  Breaking Belize News

Posted: Friday, December 7, 2018. 7:58 PM. CST. By BBN Staff: On Thursday, December 6th, representatives of Belize's National Institute of Culture and History ...

Breaking Belize News
Green Climate Fund approves $127 million project for El Salvador's Dry Corridor - El Salvador  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on El Salvador about Agriculture, Climate Change and Environment, Drought and more; published on 19 Oct 2018 by FAO.

Land Rights Now – Claudia Azucena Sánchez Cortez – Pipil people, El Salvador  Slow food

Claudia is a Pipil woman from El Salvador, an inidgenous people fighting for rights within their country. Despite the difficulty that they face, Claudia has noticed a ...

Slow food
El Salvador Pressures U.S. To Reunite Migrant Families  NPR

Migrants deported back to their Central American homelands sometimes are forced to leave without their children. El Salvador now says it won't allow the U.S. to ...


El Salvador Videos

USA deportees sent back to El Salvador’s gang-run cities | Unreported World
USA deportees sent back to El Salvador’s gang-run cities | Unreported World
The Islands of El Salvador [Adventure #141]
The Islands of El Salvador [Adventure #141]
Compras navideñas en el mercado de Santa Tecla La Libertad El Salvador | Youtubero Salvadoreño
Compras navideñas en el mercado de Santa Tecla La Libertad El Salvador | Youtubero Salvadoreño
For many in El Salvador, life hangs in the balance, amid fears of brutal gangs
For many in El Salvador, life hangs in the balance, amid fears of brutal gangs
The Deported: Surviving El Salvador
The Deported: Surviving El Salvador

El Salvador Images

Why We Spent Only One Short Week in El Salvador (and the ...
Why We Spent Only One Short Week in El Salvador (and the ...
File:San Salvador Flag.png - Wikimedia Commons
File:San Salvador Flag.png - Wikimedia Commons
Las 10 Mejores Playas de Salvador de Bahía
Las 10 Mejores Playas de Salvador de Bahía
Exposición de Pinturas de Frida Kahlo, 2017 - YouTube
Exposición de Pinturas de Frida Kahlo, 2017 - YouTube
Romania (Ranked 46th) :: Legatum Prosperity Index 2017
Romania (Ranked 46th) :: Legatum Prosperity Index 2017
File:Dove logo.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
File:Dove logo.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
Rough Guides recommend Nepal as the No. 1 destination for ...
Rough Guides recommend Nepal as the No. 1 destination for ...
Homepage - Fortuna Tours Mostar
Homepage - Fortuna Tours Mostar
Lírios da Paz: Encante-se por essas Belas Flores | Blog ...
Lírios da Paz: Encante-se por essas Belas Flores | Blog ...
Historias de Ana. Blog de Arte y Diseño.: ACTIVIDAD SOBRE ...
Historias de Ana. Blog de Arte y Diseño.: ACTIVIDAD SOBRE ...

El Salvador WebSites


El Salvador Wiki

El Salvador ( (listen); Spanish: [el salβaˈðoɾ]), officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of approximately 6.34 million.El Salvador was for centuries inhabited by several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya. In the early 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City. However the Viceroyalty of Mexico had little or no influence in the daily affairs of the Central American isthmus, which would be colonized in 1524. In 1609 the area became the Captaincy General of Guatemala, from which El Salvador was part of until its independence from Spain, which took place in 1821, as part of the First Mexican Empire, then further seceded, as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, in 1823. When the Republic dissolved in 1841, El Salvador became a sovereign nation, then formed a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898.From the late 19th to the mid-20th century, El Salvador endured chronic political and economic instability characterized by coups, revolts, and a succession of authoritarian rulers. Persistent socioeconomic inequality and civil unrest culminated in the devastating Salvadoran Civil War (1979–1992), which was fought between the military-led government and a coalition of left-wing guerrilla groups. The conflict ended with the Chapultepec Peace Accords. This negotiated settlement established a multiparty constitutional republic, which remains in place to this day.El Salvador's economy has historically been dominated by agriculture, beginning with the indigo plant (añil in Spanish), the most important crop during the colonial period, and followed thereafter by coffee, which by the early 20th century accounted for 90 percent of export earnings. El Salvador has since reduced its dependence on coffee and embarked on diversifying the economy by opening up trade and financial links and expanding the manufacturing sector. The colón, the official currency of El Salvador since 1892, was replaced by the U.S. dollar in 2001.As of 2010, El Salvador ranks 12th among Latin American countries in terms of the Human Development Index and fourth in Central America (behind Panama, Costa Rica, and Belize) due in part to ongoing rapid industrialisation. However, the country continues to struggle with high rates of poverty, inequality, and crime.