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Eritrea NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Wed, 16 Jan 2019 20:40:54 GMTGoogle News
World Class Potash Project In Eritrea Moves Closer To Development  Forbes

Big new potash project starting to emerge in Eritrea.

With Ethiopia's border now open, why are Eritreans still fleeing to Sudan?  African Arguments

Despite huge regional shifts, Eritreans continue to flee through Sudan, aided by resilient and flexible people-smuggling networks. Smuggling networks in east ...

African Arguments
Ethiopia-Eritrea border boom as peace takes hold  BBC News

The reopening of the border between former enemies Ethiopia and Eritrea has dramatically changed the towns near the frontier, writes the BBC's Emmanuel ...

BBC News
Eritrea: With Ethiopia's Border Now Open, Why Are Eritreans Still Fleeing to Sudan?  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Despite huge regional shifts, Eritreans continue to flee through Sudan, aided by resilient and flexible people-smuggling networks. When the border between ...

AllAfrica - Top Africa News
In secretive Eritrea, historic reforms across the border have sparked hopes for the future  The Globe and Mail

In rare interviews with a foreign visitor, residents of the tightly controlled African country tell Geoffrey York of their frustration at unlimited conscription, fear of the ...

The Globe and Mail
Eritrea closes border crossings to Ethiopian travelers  Fox News

Eritrea has partially closed two border crossings with Ethiopia that opened this year after the former East African rivals made peace and restored relations, ...

Fox News
The Bicycle Horn of Africa: How cycling became a part of Eritrea's national identity  The Globe and Mail

History and colonialism brought the sport to this African country, but geography, climate and culture helped Eritreans to embrace and excel at it – and now its ...

The Globe and Mail
27 000 Eritreans 'seeking refugee status' in Ethiopia  News24

More than 27 500 Eritreans have filed for refugee status in Ethiopia since the two countries reopened their joint border in September, according to EU ...

Eritrea's "state of uncertainty": Senior government sources reveal...nothing  African Arguments

Inside sources in the Eritrean government, who have asked to remain anonymous for their security, describe a situation in which officials and ministers have very ...

African Arguments
Ethiopia, Eritrea reopen another border crossing  The East African

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afeworki on Monday reopened a border crossing between their countries as part of an ...

The East African
Ethiopia, Eritrean leaders reopen border crossing for trade  The New Times

Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki (right) have reopened the Oumhajir-Humera border crossing that connects the two ...

The New Times
Great Ethiopian Run 2018 helps promotes unity with Eritrea  BBC Sport

After July's historic peace deal between Eritrea and Ethiopia, Eritreans were able to compete in the Great Ethiopian Run in Addis Ababa for the first time.

BBC Sport
Sudanese protest against Bashir near border with Eritrea  Middle East Online

KASSALA - Sudanese police Wednesday fired tear gas at crowds of anti-government protesters in Kassala, witnesses said, in the first such demonstration held ...

Middle East Online
Eritrea: Police Conducts Annual Activity Assessment Meeting  AllAfrica.com

Eritrean Police held annual activity assessment meeting on 10 January at the Selam Hall in the premises of the Eritrean Police Headquarters.

Eritrea: Meeting On Empowering Artisan Fishermen Cooperatives  AllAfrica.com

At a meeting it conducted on 14 January, the Ministry of Marine Resources declared that efforts will be exerted to reorganize existing fishing cooperatives and ...

Israel examines whether desertion from Eritrean army is grounds for asylum  Haaretz

Attorney General Avichai Mendelblit directs Immigration Authority to reexamine policy from 2015, affecting some 25000 asylum seekers from Eritrea.

Eritrea: Successful Measles and Rubella Vaccination  AllAfrica.com

At an assessment meeting conducted in Barentu on 13 January it was reported that successful measles and rubella vaccination and Vitamin A distribution was ...

Ethiopia: Abiy Ahmed brings new hope, but faces some familiar, old problems  The Conversation - UK

It's no wonder that he is many people's African prime minister of 2018. But will he make it through 2019?

The Conversation - UK
Eritrea: Traffic Accidents Drop By 18 Percent Nationwide  AllAfrica.com

Documents from the Office of Police Traffic show that the number of traffic accidents in 2018 dropped by more than 18% nationwide compared to the previous ...

'Not my brother': Italian court told defendant is not Eritrean smuggler  The Guardian

Relative of human trafficker Medhanie Yehdego Mered does not recognise detainee.

The Guardian
Africa in the news: Election updates, Kenya’s Mombasa Port, and troops withdrawn from Ethiopia- Eritrea border  Brookings Institution

Joshua Miller highlights the top news in Africa this week.

Brookings Institution
Eritrea ends lax border crossing to and from Ethiopia  borkena.com

Eritrea is tightening its border crossings procedures to Ethiopia. Now border crossing via the town of Zalambessa requires laissez-passer. Read more.

Supreme Court set to hear Nevsun Resources case on Eritrea human rights abuses  Financial Post

The future of the Canadian resource industry hangs in the balance as the Supreme Court of Canada prepares to hear a high-profile case accusing Canadian ...

Financial Post
The man who saved my new year in Eritrea  Cyprus Mail

By Brian Kelly. When you venture into the turbulent world of conflict and intrigue, an indispensable requirement is the guiding hand of a street-smart local, ...

Cyprus Mail
Eritreans in Israel may finally be recognized as refugees  Haaretz

The director general of the Population and Immigration Authority, Shlomo Mor-Yosef, made a sensational statement last week: As a result of the ruling of a ...

Ethiopia, Eritrea peace agreement brings cautious hope  TRT World

In a shocking diplomatic thaw that reshaped the Horn of Africa, this year Ethiopia's prime minister announced his country would fully accept a deal ending a ...

TRT World
Merry Orthodox Christmas to Egypt, Ethiopia and Eritrea  Face2Face Africa

Coptic Christians are celebrating Christmas today, January 7, 2018, which is December 25 on the Julian Calendar observed by the Coptic Orthodox Church.

Face2Face Africa
Ethiopia-Eritrea border restrictions tighten  Ethiopia Observer

The border crossing between Ethiopia and Eritrea closed this morning for reasons not disclosed yet, according to people who live in the area. The main road ...

Ethiopia Observer
Eritrea: 'I just sometimes wonder who is left inside the country.'  InfoMigrants

Hundreds of people continue to pour out of Eritrea every day into neighboring Ethiopia. The reopening of the border in September and the peace deal ending ...

Eritrea: Readiness to Support Families of Martyrs  AllAfrica.com

Nationals residing in Israel have pledged to reinforce support to families of the martyrs in 2019. The comment was made at a meeting the nationals grouped as ...

Eritreans Welcome New Year 2019 With Enthusiasm  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

The Eritrean people have welcomed New Year 2019 with enthusiasm and great hope of peace and development.

AllAfrica - Top Africa News
Eritreans against a refugee status in Ethiopia  Deutsche Welle

There is a new destination the boys leaning out of minibuses are calling, to pick up customers in Ethiopia's Tigray region, which straddles the Ethiopia-Eritrea ...

Deutsche Welle
Assab Eritrean Restaurant Closes After Nearly 30 Years in San Francisco  Eater SF

After 28 years, East African dining favorite Assab has closed its doors at 2845 Geary Boulevard. Owners Matheos Yohannes and Mehret Tesfalidet bade farewell ...

Eater SF
Eritrea: What Eritrea Can Learn By Looking Southward  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Column - Eritrea's financial system, antiquated by any modern standards, speaks to the underdevelopment of the country. But the country would do better not to ...

AllAfrica - Top Africa News
Ethiopia army executing airstrikes against OLF in western Oromia  africanews

The Ethiopian army on Sunday morning (January 13) started an aerial operation targeting areas in western Oromia believed to be he held by ex-rebel group, ...

The Ethio-Eritrea Peace: Too Soon To Celebrate?  Ezega

December 20, 2018 (Ezega.com) - The month of July will be significant in the history of the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia and Eritrea reconciled, signifying an end to ...

Why are Gulf countries so interested in the Horn of Africa?  The Economist

ACROSS THE Horn of Africa evidence is mounting that relations with Gulf countries are growing stronger. Last month representatives from Djibouti, Sudan and ...

The Economist
Eritrean leadership has interest in talks with Tigray : Debretsion  borkena.com

Tigray regional state acting president Debretsion Gebremichael says that he had talks with Eritrean president who told him "we need to resolve past problem"

Eritrea's 'State of Uncertainty' - Senior Government Sources Reveal... Nothing  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Insiders say President Isaias is now ruling largely unilaterally, keeping the public, military leaders, and even ministers out of the loop. Eritrea's life-president ...

AllAfrica - Top Africa News
Ethiopian governor warns against renewed conflict along Eritrean border  African Daily Voice

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (ADV) – The air still panicky in Ethiopia's northern Tigray region over successful attempts by youths who blocked several military trucks ...

African Daily Voice
India, Pakistan can go 'arch-rivals' Ethiopia-Eritrea way to usher in peace, turn decades of 'enmity'...  Firstpost

One doesn't need to live years abroad to see the light, but perhaps it helps. At least, it did for me. I am referring to the "enmity" between India and Pakistan.

Eritrea: Southern Region18th Regular Assembly Meeting  AllAfrica.com

The Southern region regional Assembly held its 18th regular meeting on 9 January in Mendefera.

Eritrea: 10 Million Nakfa Worth Development Activities  AllAfrica.com

The administration of Gindae sub zone reported that in 2018 various development activities worth 10 million Nakfa have been implemented in the sub zone.

Will Ethiopia's Democratic Awakening Catch On Next Door In Eritrea?  NPR

Ethiopia has stunned the world with its reforms. Eritreans face steep challenges if they want to follow suit.

Envoy says US aiming for warmer ties with Eritrea  News24

The United States wants better ties with Eritrea following this month's lifting of UN sanctions against the Horn of Africa nation, Washington's top Africa diplomat ...

Security Council Votes Unanimously To Lift Sanctions On Eritrea  NPR

The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously Wednesday to lift sanctions against Eritrea, rewarding the embattled East African nation for recent efforts to ...

'Peace Is Everything': Ethiopia And Eritrea Embrace Open Border After Long Conflict  NPR

In July, the countries declared the war was over; a couple of months later, they opened their border for the first time in almost 20 years. Some analysts caution ...

Jailed without trace in Eritrea: 'I haven't seen my parents for 17 years'  BBC News

Ibrahim Sherifo, 30, has not seen or heard from his parents since he was 13 years old when they were "disappeared" in Eritrea. "The memory still haunts me ...

BBC News
Sanctions on Eritrea are lifted  The Economist

ERITREA HAD AN inauspicious start to the year. In January neighbouring Sudan accused it of supporting armed rebel groups and closed its border. Eritrea ...

The Economist
The lifting of UN sanctions will not solve Eritrea's problems  Al Jazeera English

Having gotten rid of international sanctions, the Eritrean regime is unlikely to change its repressive ways at home.

Al Jazeera English
Best books to read on Eritrea  Quartz

The books explore Eritrea's past and present—and offer a glimpse of its imminent future.

Ethiopia-Eritrea border reopens after 20 years  BBC News

Ethiopians and Eritreans have been celebrating the reopening of two key crossing points more than 20 years after a border war shut them. Hundreds of people ...

BBC News
For the first time in years, Eritreans can leave their country freely  The Economist

THE hotels of Adigrat, an entrepot near Ethiopia's border with Eritrea, are always busy during Meskel, a feast celebrated annually by Orthodox Christians in both ...

The Economist
Ethiopia and Eritrea Declare an End to Their War  The New York Times

Ethiopia and Eritrea on Monday formally declared an end to their “state of war,” a two-decade-long standoff that followed a brutal war over their shared border.

The New York Times
Man jailed for city centre bid rape on French tourist  BBC News

A man who tried to rape a French student on holiday in Scotland has been jailed for five years. Temesgen Teame targeted the 18-year-old after following her ...

BBC News
After 20-year military standoff, Ethiopia and Eritrea agree to normalize ties in historic breakthrough  The Washington Post

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed traveled Sunday to Eritrea, once a bitter adversary, and agreed to normalize ties after an ...

The Washington Post
Ethiopia and Eritrea's second rapprochement  Al Jazeera English

Ethiopia and Eritrea should not repeat the mistakes of the 1990s, when a period of rapprochement ended in war.

Al Jazeera English
There’s been a historic shift in Ethiopia-Eritrea relations, and this new book explores the countries’ rebellions  The Washington Post

The first commercial flight from Ethiopia to Eritrea in 20 years took place earlier this week, signifying a historic shift in relations between the two countries, ...

The Washington Post
Ethiopia moving troops from Eritrean border amid new peace  Fox News

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia – Ethiopian military officials on Friday announced they are moving troops away from the border with Eritrea, months after the former ...

Fox News
Eritrea, Africa’s most repressive state, begins to open up  The Economist

ERITREA, one of Africa's newest countries, was born in battle. First it fought for 30 years to break away from Ethiopia, its bigger neighbour to the south, achieving ...

The Economist
Jailed at 15 she dreamed of being a fashion designer. No trial and six years later, she's still missing  CNN

Lagos, Nigeria (CNN) With her *fresh* face and bright, hopeful smile, Ciham Ali Ahmed looks just like any other ninth grader. But Ali Ahmed was imprisoned at 15 ...

Rescued at sea, locked up, then sold to smugglers  The Irish Times

In Libya, desperate refugees have little room to escape from networks ready to exploit them.

The Irish Times
Eritreans hope for democracy after peace deal with Ethiopia  BBC News

Many Eritreans are hoping that peace with Ethiopia will lead to an end to one-party rule at home.

BBC News
Eritrea: A tour of the tiny African nation you never thought you'd visit  The Independent

The silent Grundig wireless sets, empty wine bottles and tired musical instruments made for diverting lunch decor in Ghibabo. Young men and women at a ...

The Independent
Eritrea dares to dream of change as peace with Ethiopia dawns  Times LIVE

Crushed tanks and trucks destroyed in Eritrea's war for independence from Ethiopia are piled up on the outskirts of Asmara, a rusting testament to a long and ...

Times LIVE
'It's just slavery': Eritrean conscripts wait in vain for freedom  The Guardian

With their hopes dashed that peace with Ethiopia would bring an end to national *service*, young Eritreans must either accept a life of forced labour or flee.

The Guardian
Ethiopian Airlines makes historic flight to Eritrea  BBC News

Roses and champagne have been given to passengers on the first commercial flight between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 20 years. Ethiopian Airlines said its "bird of ...

BBC News
‘Like a dream’: Families separated for decades by Ethiopia-Eritrea conflict celebrate peace deal  The Washington Post

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — When Daniel Gayem's father in Ethiopia wanted to talk to his brother in neighboring Eritrea, they would set up a conference call ...

The Washington Post
6 Years After Her Imprisonment in Eritrea, US Citizen’s Family Demands Answers  VOA News

Ciham Ali Abdu has brown eyes and a broad smile. As a teenager, she found inspiration in art, fashion and language. Growing up in Asmara, Eritrea, she ...

VOA News
Why Eritrea is called Africa’s North Korea  The Economist

ERITREA has had some unhappy claims to fame over the years. Its war of liberation from neighbouring Ethiopia, which began in the 1960s and only ended in ...

The Economist
Eritrea to trim the size of its military as détente opens future  Business Day

Addis Ababa — Eritrea says it will cut the size of its army as part of changes to a system of mandatory national *service* the UN blames for propelling tens of ...

Business Day
Reunions in Ethiopia and Eritrea (in Photos)  Pacific Standard

Since the countries' leaders signed a peace agreement on July 9th, Ethiopia and Eritrea have withdrawn troops and re-opened travel.

Pacific Standard
Ethiopia to move troops from Eritrean border as relations thaw  Reuters

ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) - Ethiopia will begin moving its troops away from the border with Eritrea, senior military officials said on Friday, months after the ...

Eritrean exodus intensifies after peace with Ethiopia  News24

For three years, fear and poverty kept Nebyat Zerea from leaving Eritrea to find her husband, until the day last month when the border with Ethiopia reopened ...

With border open, Ethiopia and Eritrea are back in business  ABS-CBN News

For 2 decades, little besides soldiers, refugees and rebels moved across Ethiopia and Eritrea's closed border, but today the once-barren no man's land teems ...

Life in Eritrea’s News Desert  Foreign Policy

Throughout Eritrea, Seyoum Tsehaye's photographs and films are well known, although they are difficult to access elsewhere. As a war photographer and ...

Foreign Policy
WATCH: Thousands join Ethiopia-Eritrea peace run  News24

Thousands of Ethiopians and Eritreans have taken part in a 10km reconciliation run Sunday in Addis Ababa in the first joint sporting event since the former bitter ...

Ethiopia offers Eritrea chance to end Africa's longest war  BBC News

Ethiopia's surprise announcement that it will abide by a 2002 border ruling raises the prospect of a final end to what was Africa's deadliest border war and peace ...

BBC News
Despite the peace deal with Ethiopia, Eritrean refugees are still afraid to return home  PRI

Samuel Berhe, like many other Eritreans, fled the country some years ago to escape mandatory national *service*, which the government made indefinite ...

Eritrean officials visit Ethiopia for first time in 20 years  BBC News

The first high-level Eritrean delegation to visit Ethiopia in decades has arrived for a meeting which could ease military tension. Eritrea won independence from ...

BBC News
Opinion: Why I'm staging 17 minutes of silent protest for Eritrea  CNN

It was one week after 9/11, and the world's attention was on New York City. The terrorist attack had changed the world forever, but in a small country in the Horn ...

Eritrea consolidates Horn of Africa peace  Al Jazeera English

Restoration of diplomatic relations among Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia signals an end to region's conflict.

Al Jazeera English
‘They’re Going to Come for Us’: A Teenage Girl Caught in a War’s Riptides  The New York Times

My father knew we were next. “They're going to come for us,” he'd say, after Meles Zenawi, then the prime minister of Ethiopia, told the country on national ...

The New York Times
Business hopes and refugee woes after Eritrea-Ethiopia peace deal  Al Jazeera English

Eritrean and Ethiopian traders hope to profit from peace but thousands of Eritreans flee seeking safety and stability.

Al Jazeera English
Eritrea breaks silence and responds to Ethiopia peace overtures, will send delegation  The Washington Post

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Two weeks after the Ethiopian government made the surprise announcement that it was ready to accept a nearly 20-year-old peace ...

The Washington Post
Eritrea-Ethiopia peace leads to a refugee surge  IRINnews.org

A group of Eritreans lines up outside a small, green army tent surrounded by yellow scrubland at the top of a ridge marking the Ethiopia-Eritrea border.

Eritrea: Human rights central to brighter future, says expert - Eritrea  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Eritrea about Protection and Human Rights and Refugees; published on 24 Oct 2018 by UN HRC.

Djibouti, Eritrea agree to normalize ties strained since 2008  Reuters

ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) - Eritrea and Djibouti have agreed to normalize ties a decade after a border dispute led to brief military clashes, officials said on ...

Eritrean Fighter Pilot, Escapee, Calls for Justice for Jailed Compatriots  VOA News

Dejen Ande Hishel spent 15 years in prison before escaping; now, he's calling for justice for those still behind bars.

VOA News
Danakali banks on new investor mood to fund Eritrean mine  Reuters

Fertiliser miner Danakali aims to raise $322 million this year to develop giant potash reserves in Eritrea, industry sources say, banking on Asmara's warmer ties ...

Unresolved Eritrea-Djibouti Tensions Threaten Regional Peace  VOA News

Regional integration could threaten Djibouti's economy and political stability, making it a potential spoiler in Eritrea's quest for regional rapprochement.

VOA News
Ethiopia and Eritrea Need Their Peace  The Nation.

Ethiopia and Eritrea began a spectacular rapprochement this summer, and stability in the Horn of Africa depends on its lasting.

The Nation.
Russia-Eritrea Relations Grow with Planned Logistics Center  VOA News

Russia and Eritrea expand their bilateral relationship with a planned logistics center in East Africa.

VOA News
Remembering Eritrea-Ethiopia border war: Africa's unfinished conflict  BBC News

Two decades have passed since two of Africa's poorest countries began the continent's deadliest border war. The conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia left tens ...

BBC News
Troops on Border Mark Next Issue for Ethiopia-Eritrea Peace  VOA News

Ethiopia and Eritrea have taken major steps toward peace in the past month, resuming flights, reopening telephone links, and allowing families to meet after ...

VOA News
UN to lift sanctions on Eritrea after US shift  News24

The UN Security Council is preparing to lift sanctions on Eritrea after the United States dropped its insistence on prolonging the measures despite a peace deal ...

Eritrea and Somalia: A decade of animosity  News24

Eritrea, which signed a deal with Somalia to establish diplomatic ties, has long been accused of supporting Islamic militants who are seeking to topple the ...

Former Top Eritrean Official Arrested After Criticizing President  VOA News

Rights groups call for release of an ex-finance minister arrested after publishing a book critical of the government, Isaias Afwerki.

VOA News
Eritrea must be pushed on urgent rights reforms: US Congressmen  africanews

The United States Congress' Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission is asking the government to push Eritrea to undertake urgent human rights reforms.

Change of Her Majesty's Ambassador to Eritrea in February 2019  GOV.UK

Mr Alisdair Walker has been appointed Her Majesty's Ambassador to the State of Eritrea in succession to Mr Ian Richards. Mr Walker will take up his ...


Eritrea Videos

Eritrea: ሰንሰለት // Senselet (Tigrinya)
Eritrea: ሰንሰለት // Senselet (Tigrinya)
Geography Now! Eritrea
Geography Now! Eritrea
Eritrea__መልሲ ንህቶታትኩም,ርዒቶታት
Eritrea__መልሲ ንህቶታትኩም,ርዒቶታት
Waka TM New Year Eritrean Wishes By Merhawi Woldu, Dawit Eyob, Henok habtom (piki),and others
Waka TM New Year Eritrean Wishes By Merhawi Woldu, Dawit Eyob, Henok habtom (piki),and others
Eri-TV, Eritrea (Official)
Eri-TV, Eritrea (Official)
Blackout Ep. 4: Leaks from Eritrea, Africa's North Korea
Blackout Ep. 4: Leaks from Eritrea, Africa's North Korea
Eritrea sport news ደሃይ ዜናታት ስፖርት  01-16-2019 dehay sport
Eritrea sport news ደሃይ ዜናታት ስፖርት 01-16-2019 dehay sport
Eritrea: The North Korea of Africa
Eritrea: The North Korea of Africa
Eritrea y el Agua de Mar
Eritrea y el Agua de Mar

Eritrea Images

Massawa Eritrea Beach Pictures to Pin on Pinterest - PinsDaddy
Massawa Eritrea Beach Pictures to Pin on Pinterest - PinsDaddy
Picture Gallery
Picture Gallery
best beles of Senafe | Ben Araya | Flickr
best beles of Senafe | Ben Araya | Flickr
Military encampment in Senafè, Eritrea - Senafe in 2001 ...
Military encampment in Senafè, Eritrea - Senafe in 2001 ...
File:Asmara, moschea 01.JPG - Wikipedia
File:Asmara, moschea 01.JPG - Wikipedia
Free photo: Eritrea, Building, Towers, Church - Free Image ...
Free photo: Eritrea, Building, Towers, Church - Free Image ...
Eritrean Festival in Germany
Eritrean Festival in Germany
foto Dahlak, spiaggia ERITREA
foto Dahlak, spiaggia ERITREA
RAOnline EDU Geografie: Länderstatistiken - Afrika - Sahel ...
RAOnline EDU Geografie: Länderstatistiken - Afrika - Sahel ...

Eritrea WebSites


Eritrea Wiki

Eritrea (; (listen)), officially the State of Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands. Its toponym Eritrea is based on the Greek name for the Red Sea (Ἐρυθρὰ Θάλασσα Erythra Thalassa), which was first adopted for Italian Eritrea in 1890.Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups in its population of around 5 million. Most residents speak languages from the Afroasiatic family, either of the Ethiopian Semitic languages or Cushitic branches. Among these communities, the Tigrinyas make up about 55% of the population, with the Tigre people constituting around 30% of inhabitants. In addition, there are a number of Nilo-Saharan-speaking Nilotic ethnic minorities. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam.The Kingdom of Aksum, covering much of modern-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, was established during the first or second centuries AD. It adopted Christianity around the middle of the fourth century. In medieval times much of Eritrea fell under the Medri Bahri kingdom, with a smaller region being part of Hamasien.The creation of modern-day Eritrea is a result of the incorporation of independent, distinct kingdoms and sultanates (for example, Medri Bahri and the Sultanate of Aussa) eventually resulting in the formation of Italian Eritrea. After the defeat of the Italian colonial army in 1942, Eritrea was administered by the British Military Administration until 1952. Following the UN General Assembly decision, in 1952, Eritrea would govern itself with a local Eritrean parliament but for foreign affairs and defense it would enter into a federal status with Ethiopia for a period of 10 years. However, in 1962 the government of Ethiopia annulled the Eritrean parliament and formally annexed Eritrea. But the Eritreans that argued for complete Eritrean independence since the ouster of the Italians in 1941, anticipated what was coming and in 1960 organized the Eritrean Liberation Front in opposition. In 1991, after 30 years of continuous armed struggle for independence, the Eritrean liberation fighters entered the capital city, Asmara, in victory.Eritrea is a one-party state in which national legislative elections have never been held since independence. According to Human Rights Watch, the Eritrean government's human rights record is among the worst in the world. The Eritrean government has dismissed these allegations as politically motivated. The compulsory military service requires long, indefinite conscription periods, which some Eritreans leave the country to avoid. Because all local media is state-owned, Eritrea was also ranked as having the second-least press freedom in the global Press Freedom Index, behind only North Korea.The sovereign state of Eritrea is a member of the African Union, the United Nations, and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, and is an observer in the Arab League alongside Brazil, Venezuela, India and Turkey.