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Guatemala NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Mon, 11 Feb 2019 23:30:45 GMTGoogle News
Guatemala town's residents weigh playing cat-and-mouse game on U.S. border  Dallas News

SAN MARTIN JILOTEPEQUE, Guatemala — Ana Matzutz and her teenage son, Esduardo, stood across from each other at the family's fruit stand, arguing about ...

Dallas News
9:15 Presidential Pairs in Guatemala Total 14  Prensa Latina

Guatemala, Feb 11(Prensa Latina) Presidential binomial list reached 28 Monday with the proclamation of the candidates by the Guatemalan party Unidos, in the ...

Prensa Latina
'A drastic step backwards': Guatemala considers amnesty for war crimes  The Guardian

Proposal under consideration by congress would free criminals convicted of extrajudicial killings and torture.

The Guardian
The quiet coup that could devastate human rights in Guatemala  Open Democracy

President Jimmy Morales and his allies in business, politics and the military are racing to break the rule of law and consolidate power. Español. 12 September ...

Open Democracy
Palm oil industry expansion spurs Guatemala indigenous migration  Al Jazeera English

Death of Jakelin Caal in US custody highlights how land conflicts and displacement fuel flight from indigenous villages.

Al Jazeera English
Belize~ Remittances to Guatemala  Breaking Belize News

Posted: Thursday, February 7, 2019. 2:23 p.m. CST. The views expressed in this article are those of the writer and not necessarily those of Breaking Belize News ...

Breaking Belize News
Friendship Across the Gulf: Guatemala, a Medical Mission  9&10 News

It's a physical and emotional trip for anyone, taking a medical mission to Guatemala. One young man had to overcome so much more than most, and still made a ...

9&10 News
Guatemala: Impunity for War Criminals, Again  NACLA

Guatemala's Congress stands poised to amend its National Reconciliation Law of 1996, which prohibits granting amnesty to those who had committed ...

Guatemala presidential candidate targeted over financing  Minneapolis Star Tribune

Prosecutors in Guatemala sought Wednesday to have presidential candidate Sandra Torres Casanova's immunity from prosecution withdrawn over a case of ...

Minneapolis Star Tribune
Washington Trained Guatemala's Killers for Decades  The Nation

The US Border Patrol played a key role in propping up Latin American dictatorships.

The Nation
Guatemala’s ‘Slow-Motion Coup’ Rolls Onward  Foreign Policy

Guatemala is in the midst of a constitutional and political crisis, escalated by a 24-hour-plus standoff at the capital's airport on Jan. 5. An investigator with the ...

Foreign Policy
Killings Of Guatemala's Indigenous Activists Raise Specter Of Human Rights Crisis  NPR

Indigenous groups and human rights activists worry that the violence that raged through their communities in the 1970s and 1980s is making a comeback.

RSPO should suspend membership of groups undermining Guatemala’s anti-impunity commission (commentary)  Mongabay.com

The journey toward sustainability must begin from a baseline of proven ethical intent — and a number of recent signs raise serious doubts about the ethical ...

All Eyes on Guatemala as Crisis Brews Ahead of Elections  Americas Quarterly

President Jimmy Morales' maneuvering against Guatemala's institutions could give the U.S. a chance to recalibrate its policy.

Americas Quarterly
Jimmy Morales, a President Against Democracy in Guatemala  The New York Times

The expulsion of the anti-corruption commission from the Central American nation will clear the way for corruption and impunity.

The New York Times
Blue Valley North hoop player leads humanitarian effort, collecting shoes for less fortunate in Guatemala  WDAF FOX4 Kansas City

OVERLAND PARK, Kan. -- A giant feat would be a challenge for anyone, but one metro athlete welcomes it. For two years, Lexy Farrington, Blue Valley North ...

WDAF FOX4 Kansas City
Understanding ICJ jurisdiction in relation to Belize-Guatemala territorial dispute  Breaking Belize News

Posted: Thursday, February 7, 2019. 9:20 p.m. CST. By BBN Staff: Belizeans countrywide are counting down to Decision day 2019, when Belizeans will vote in ...

Breaking Belize News
Guatemala in crisis after president bans corruption investigation into his government  The Conversation - US

Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales is defying a constitutional court order to release a UN-backed prosecutor his government arrested and allow his ...

The Conversation - US
Corrupt Guatemalans’ GOP Lifeline  Foreign Policy

In February 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump took a break from the National Prayer Breakfast to thank Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales for supporting ...

Foreign Policy
Amending Guatemala 'reconciliation law' would lead to unjust amnesty, warns Bachelet  UN News

A bid to give amnesty to all those found guilty of grave human rights crimes during Guatemala's decades-long civil war, by amending the National Reconciliation ...

UN News
Honduran Caravan Crosses Guatemala, Traveling Toward U.S.  NPR

The caravan, which could consist of up to 2000 migrants, began its journey from Honduras on Monday. The migrants have already become symbols in the ...

More Honduran Migrants Make Their Way From Guatemala Toward The U.S.  NPR

The migrants are encountering crowded shelters, strained resources, and residents who are not as generous as they were with a previous caravan that was ...

6.5-magnitude quake shakes Guatemala, Mexico  Manila Bulletin

A 6.5-magnitude earthquake shook Mexico and Guatemala on Friday, leaving three people injured and causing infrastructure damage, authorities said.

Manila Bulletin
Zombie clunkers: has your local bus been resurrected in Guatemala?  The Guardian

In a sparsely furnished office overlooking dozens of buses at the Zone 21 depot in Guatemala City, Jorge Castro flips through photographs on his mobile phone.

The Guardian
'I feel completely filled," Upstate nurse heads to Guatemala to volunteer  CNYcentral.com

A nurse at Upstate University Hospital is continuing her trend of giving back. Susan Thomas is described as a selfless woman by the people around her.

Ex-chief prosecutor to run for president in Guatemala  Minneapolis Star Tribune

A former chief prosecutor lauded for efforts to root out high-level corruption plans to compete for Guatemala's presidency.

Minneapolis Star Tribune
Magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits Mexico near Guatemala border  UPI News

A strong 6.6-magnitude earthquake rattled the southwestern coastal town of Tapachula, Mexico, Friday, the U.S. Geological Survey said.

UPI News
Ancient 'tomb' unearthed in Guatemala turns out to be Maya steam bath  Fox News

Archaeologists have discovered an ancient steam bath that the Maya likely used for religious rituals — and possibly relaxation — more than 2500 years ago.

Fox News
Guatemala Gives the U.N. the Boot  The Wall Street Journal

The Commission Against Impunity undercuts confidence in the justice system.

The Wall Street Journal
FifaGate: Ex-Guatemala boss sentenced to time served, fined $350,000  EWN

A court spokeswoman and his lawyer Justine Harris added he would have to pay a fine of $350,000. He will remain on probation for two years. FILE: Picture: ...

Guatemala builds on banana business  Produce Blue Book

With a population of over 16 million and a GDP over $136 billion, the “Land of Eternal Spring” has been exporting *fresh* produce to the United States since the ...

Produce Blue Book
A Guide to Antigua, Guatemala: A Candy-Colored City Framed by Volcanoes  The New York Times

With its Baroque architecture and thriving textile scene, this former colonial capital is among Central America's most beguiling destinations.

The New York Times
Riding an active volcano | Diego Ordoñez and Jorge Alvarez in Guatemala  Red Bull

Hard Enduro riders Diego Ordoñez and Jorge Alvarez race 4000m to the summit of an active volcano in Guatemala. Will the steep, rocky terrain and ...

Red Bull
UN anti-corruption body in Guatemala rebuts government's reasons for expulsion order  UN News

In a letter addressed to UN Secretary-General António Guterres, Iván Velásquez, the senior UN official in charge of the International Commission Against ...

UN News
Earthquake in Mexico felt in Belize, Guatemala and El Salvador  Breaking Belize News

Posted: Friday, February 1, 2019. 10:30 a.m. CST. By BBN Staff:An earthquake registering at 6.4 magnitude on the Richter scale occurred in Mexico a short time ...

Breaking Belize News
Warminster students learn about challenges of life in Guatemala  OrilliaMatters

Local school helps fund Paso Por Paso, which sponsors 37 students in Guatemala.

Migrant Tally Surges at Guatemala-Mexico Border  The Wall Street Journal

The number of Central American migrants seeking to enter Mexico and head for the U.S. border surged to 10300, as the new administration of Mexican ...

The Wall Street Journal
Nearly 1,000 caravan migrants start process of entering Mexico from Guatemala  Fox News

Approximately 1000 Central American migrants in the newest caravan have begun the process of crossing into Mexico from Guatemala, a Mexican immigration ...

Fox News
Sir Alan Duncan statement on Guatemala and the CICIG  GOV.UK

Foreign Office Minister Sir Alan Duncan statement on the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala.

Hatter returns from six years in Guatemala, continues to work with charity from home  Medicine Hat News

mcranker@medicinehatnews.com @MHNmocranker. Danielle Skogen is making a difference in the lives of hundreds of young Guatemalans. Skogen was born ...

Medicine Hat News
Guatemala recognizes Guaido as Venezuela president: foreign minister  Reuters

GUATEMALA CITY (Reuters) - Guatemala recognizes opposition leader Juan Guaido as the interim president of Venezuela, Guatemalan Foreign Minister ...

Migrant caravan: New Honduran group crosses Guatemala  BBC News

Hundreds of migrants who left Honduras on Tuesday on their way to US have reached Guatemala City.

BBC News
Church group asks for donations ahead of mission trip to Guatemala  THV11.com KTHV

LITTLE ROCK, Ark. — One group of central Arkansans is preparing to leave for a mission trip to Guatemala on Feb. 23. The trip was coordinated by St. Peter's ...

THV11.com KTHV
A slow motion coup gathers steam in Guatemala  America Magazine

What they are doing not only puts Guatemala at risk but the entire region. Bit by bit, for more than a year, they have been trying to divide us. The elections are at ...

America Magazine
As Coup in Guatemala Unfolds, US Must Act Quickly to Prevent Human Rights Crisis  The Globe Post

Despite crackdown risks, people are blocking roads in Guatemala to protest an unfolding coup. US must act to prevent the country from a human rights crisis.

The Globe Post
Working to Tackle Antibiotic Resistance in Guatemala: Public Health Watch  Contagionlive.com

Guatemala has been in the news lately for all the wrong reasons, with refugees from the gang violence-plagued Central American nation part of the “migrant ...

American Integrity Is Up for Sale  Esquire

We just traded it to President Jimmy for his support on a U.N. resolution.

Nearly 3000 children crossed from Guatemala to Mexico since mid-January  UNICEF

Children on the move should always be protected, stay with their families and be kept out of detention centres, UNICEF says.

Six People Hurt in Blast on Passenger Bus in Guatemala - Reports  Sputnik International

MEXICO CITY (Sputnik) - As many as six people were injured after a homemade bomb accidentally detonated on a passenger bus in Guatemala's capital, local ...

Sputnik International
The Latin America Amateur is a young man's event. Just don't tell that to Guatemala's Alejandro Villavicencio  Golf Digest

Guatemala's Alejandro Villavicencio runs a steak house and plays roughly once a week. But the reinstated amateur hasn't lost his competitive spirit.

Golf Digest
Maya Artifacts Recovered from Guatemala's Lake Petén Itzá  Archaeology

KRAKÓW, POLAND—Science in Poland reports that teams of Guatemalan and Polish researchers recovered several hundred Maya artifacts from Lake Petén ...

Strong earthquake rattles southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador  fox5sandiego.com

A preliminary 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck the southern Mexican coast Friday morning, officials said.

315th AW delivers humanitarian aid to Guatemala, Haiti, and Honduras  U.S. Southern Command

Humanitarian aid in the form of medical supplies is offloaded in Honduras from a Joint Base Charleston C-17 Globemaster III aircraft, operated by the Air Force ...

U.S. Southern Command
Mexico-Guatemala earthquake, felt by millions, likely triggered by the 2017 megaquake  temblor

The megathrust fault lacks large subduction zone earthquakes in this region. What do these extensional earthquakes tell us?

Guatemala Expels U.N.-Backed Anti-Corruption Panel, Claiming Overreach  The New York Times

MEXICO CITY — The Guatemalan government said Monday that it would expel a United Nations-backed anticorruption panel, giving its prosecutors a day to ...

The New York Times
Guatemala: court blocks president's expulsion of UN anti-corruption group  The Guardian

Highest court overruled Morales's decision and his administration is 'under obligation to comply', human rights prosecutor said. Associated Press in Guatemala ...

The Guardian
8-Year-Old Migrant Child From Guatemala Dies in U.S. Custody  The New York Times

An 8-year-old boy from Guatemala died in United States custody early Christmas Day, the second death of a child in detention at the southwest border in less ...

The New York Times
The body of the 7-year-old girl who died in US custody returns to Guatemala  CNN

Guatemala City, Guatemala (CNN) The body of Jakelin Caal Maquin, a 7-year-old girl who died in US Customs and Border Protection custody, has been ...

U.S. Campaign Against Migration Goes Unheard, or Unheeded, in Guatemala  The New York Times

More migrants from Guatemala than from anywhere else are trying to cross the border into the United States, despite warnings about the perils of the journey ...

The New York Times
Ex-Soldier Gets 5,160 Years in Prison for Guatemala Massacre  The New York Times

A Guatemalan court has sentenced a former soldier to more than 5,000 years in prison for the massacre of 171 people in what is considered one of the worst ...

The New York Times
Guatemala Cautious on Young Migrants’ Deaths, Wary of Angering U.S.  The New York Times

Guatemalan officials' courting of the Trump administration may explain their muted response to the deaths of two children in U.S. custody.

The New York Times
Guatemala volcano eruption forces evacuation of 4,000 residents  The Guardian

About 4,000 residents have been evacuated from Guatemala's Volcano of Fire as red-hot rock and ash spewed into the sky and cascaded down the slopes ...

The Guardian
Second Caravan Gathers in Guatemala as Migrants Try to Avoid Traffickers  The Wall Street Journal

Even as a caravan of thousands of Honduran migrants makes its way across southern Mexico, another caravan is forming in its wake.

The Wall Street Journal
Guatemala bars entry to UN-sponsored corruption investigator  Idaho Statesman

Authorities in Guatemala are holding a member of a U.N.-sponsored anti-corruption commission in the capital's airport, refusing him entry to the country in an ...

Idaho Statesman
Washington Trained Guatemala's Mass Murderers—and the Border Patrol Played a Role  The Nation.

Now two Guatemalan children have died under Border Patrol custody. But the agency's role in Latin American oppression has a long history.

The Nation.
'Yes, we can': caravan of 1,600 Honduran migrants crosses Guatemala border  The Guardian

Caravan left San Pedro Sula on Friday after Mike Pence urged Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala to tell citizens to stay home.

The Guardian
Hidden Maya Civilization Revealed Beneath Guatemala's Jungle Canopy  Live Science

More than 61,000 ancient Maya structures — from large pyramids to single houses — were lurking beneath the dense jungle canopy in Guatemala, revealing ...

Live Science
Migrant caravan is stopped on bridge at Mexico-Guatemala border  The Boston Globe

Some members of the caravan crossed into Mexico over the bridge or across the river, while others may have turned back. The caravan is a target of criticism by ...

The Boston Globe
U.S. sends dozens of military vehicles to Guatemala despite alleged misuse  The Washington Post

MEXICO CITY — The Trump administration donated dozens of new military vehicles to the Guatemalan government, just weeks after authorities in the Central ...

The Washington Post
Hunger, not violence, fuels Guatemalan migration surge, U.S. says  The Washington Post

Homeland Security officials have for the first time offered an explanation for a puzzling increase in the number of Guatemalan families showing up at the U.S. ...

The Washington Post
Termination of CICIG agreement is latest blow to the fight against impunity  Amnesty International

This decision from the government of Guatemala is the latest blow to the fight against impunity and clearly shows its worrying lack of willingness to work towards ...

Amnesty International
Constitutional Standoff Pushes Guatemala Toward Authoritarianism  The New York Times

When a popular anti-corruption commission targeted the president, he tried to block it and ban its leader from the country.

The New York Times
An attack on corruption sleuths in Guatemala is also aimed at judges  The Economist

In 2007 the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) became the first international anti-graft agency to exercise legal power inside a ...

The Economist
Arkansas Airman fixes hospital equipment in Guatemala > US Air Force > Article Display  Air Force Link

Throughout a week-long medical readiness training exercise, 30 Airmen from the 189th Airlift Wing and 188th Wing saw more than 2000 patients. While that ...

Air Force Link
How Guatemala achieved what was once thought impossible: major reductions in homicides.  The Washington Post

Media coverage of the migrant caravan that moved through Guatemala in October diminished after the U.S. midterms — at least until Saturday's new interim rule ...

The Washington Post
Guatemala girl, 7, dies in US custody 'of dehydration, shock'  Al Jazeera English

Washington Post reports the child died of dehydration and shock after being arrested by Border Patrol agents.

Al Jazeera English
‘I’m in despair’: a mother and village mourn Guatemalan boy's death in US  The Guardian

Felipe Gómez Alonzo and his father left their modest mountain home with dreams of a new life. Now a community is grieving.

The Guardian
Searching For Deported Parents In Guatemala, While Children Wait In The U.S.  NPR

The ACLU and other groups are scouring Guatemala to track down parents who were separated from their children in the United States and deported back ...

Guatemalan Leader Bars Re-entry of Corruption Prosecutor  The New York Times

The move by President Jimmy Morales puts him in direct conflict with Guatemala's highest court and pushes the country toward a constitutional crisis.

The New York Times
Haunting photos show the aftermath of a devastating volcanic eruption in Guatemala  Washington Post

Associated Press photographer Rodrigo Abd documents the aftermath of a natural disaster.

Washington Post
Guatemala ex-VP Roxana Baldetti jailed in 'Magic Water' scandal  BBC News

A court in Guatemala has sentenced the former vice-president, Roxana Baldetti, to 15 years and six months in jail for her role in what became known as the ...

BBC News
Caravan of migrants crosses river from Guatemala to Mexico - video report  The Guardian

A third group of people - this time from El Salvador - waded through the Suchiate River into Mexico on Friday after being stopped at the bridge between ...

The Guardian
Judge: Lawsuit Over Guatemala Syphilis Experiment to Proceed  VOA News

A U.S. federal judge in Maryland has ruled that pharmaceutical company Bristol-Myers Squibb, Johns Hopkins University and the Rockefeller Foundation must ...

VOA News
Guatemala’s Democracy Is Under Threat — by Its Own President  New York Times

GUATEMALA CITY — The president of Guatemala pushed the nation toward a constitutional crisis on Monday, ignoring an explicit order by the country's top ...

New York Times
Why Is Trump Tacitly Supporting Corruption in Guatemala?  The New York Times

The administration's silence empowers President Jimmy Morales to continue ruling with impunity.

The New York Times
Guatemala: New Attack on Anti-Corruption Body  Human Rights Watch

The decision by the government of President Jimmy Morales to expel investigators with the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala is a major ...

Human Rights Watch
Astonishing video shows Guatemala volcano eruption up close  The Telegraph

A group of hikers who ascended Guatemala's Fuego volcano captured the moment they witnessed an unexpectedly large eruption at close range.

The Telegraph
'There Is Nothing For Us Here': Why People Keep Leaving Guatemala  NPR

Most of those migrating to the U.S. from Central America are fleeing violence and joblessness. Many come from Guatemala where returnees deported from the ...

Guatemalan farms shift to palm oil, fueling family migration  Reuters

In the poor, hot region of Guatemala that was home to a seven-year-old migrant girl before she died in U.S. border custody last month, palm oil cultivation is ...

How Guatemala is sliding into chaos in the fight for land and water  The Guardian

A farmers' leader shot in the back is one of 18 activists killed this year, targeted for opposing evictions, logging and mining.

The Guardian
Guatemala on knife-edge after president moves to end anti-corruption body  The Guardian

Country facing political meltdown after Jimmy Morales announced plan to dismantle the commission investigating him.

The Guardian
Guatemala’s President Shuts Down Anti-Corruption Commission Backed by U.N.  New York Times

GUATEMALA CITY — President Jimmy Morales of Guatemala on Friday shut down a crusading anticorruption commission sponsored by the United Nations that ...

New York Times
The curse of palm oil in Guatemala  Roads and Kingdoms

Feeding global demand, palm-oil plantations in Guatemala have created a cycle of poverty—and conflict. The indigenous Mayan Q'eqchi communities that live ...

Roads and Kingdoms
As Migration From Guatemala Surges, U.S. Officials Seek Answers  The Wall Street Journal

Guatemala has more migrant families seeking asylum in the U.S. than neighboring El Salvador and Honduras. The U.S. is trying to figure out why so many ...

The Wall Street Journal
Guatemala joins the Clean Seas campaign and steps up efforts to beat plastic pollution  UN Environment

16 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have signed up to the United Nations-led campaign to drastically reduce plastic pollution in the oceans.

UN Environment
What's Climate Doing to Guatemala's Coffee?  State of the Planet

The Samalá River watershed on Guatemala's Pacific coast is a highly productive region for staple and cash crops. It's also known for having one of the highest ...

State of the Planet
Guatemala village mourns 2nd child to die in US custody  Chicago Daily Herald

YALAMBOJOCH, Guatemala -- White flowers and flickering candles sit atop a low table inside the simple wooden home in a remote Guatemala village. Nearby ...

Chicago Daily Herald
Why Are So Many Migrants Leaving Guatemala? A Crisis in the Coffee Industry Is One Reason  TIME

Gang violence and natural disasters are only part of the reason many in Central America have fled to the United States.

Migrants break through Guatemala border gate that leads to Mexico  Fox News

More than a hundred Central American migrants have forced their way through a customs gate at the Guatemalan border town of Tecun Uman to request ...

Fox News
Imperfect Justice in Guatemala  NACLA

“I have a bittersweet feeling about the verdict,” said Ramona, a Maya Ixil woman and genocide survivor. It was the day after a Guatemalan courtroom handed ...


Guatemala Videos

Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala
Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala
Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala (Audio)
Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala (Audio)
Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala (Lyrics)
Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala (Lyrics)
15 Things You Didn't Know About Guatemala
15 Things You Didn't Know About Guatemala
Guatemala, interesada en avión Pampa 3
Guatemala, interesada en avión Pampa 3
Entrenamiento de Mujeres - Ciudad de Guatemala
Entrenamiento de Mujeres - Ciudad de Guatemala
Exploring the Mayan Highlands-Running Guatemala-Episode 4
Exploring the Mayan Highlands-Running Guatemala-Episode 4
Prohíben uso de plástico en Antigua Guatemala | Prensa Libre
Prohíben uso de plástico en Antigua Guatemala | Prensa Libre
Don Barra En El Mercado Municipal De Antigua Guatemala
Don Barra En El Mercado Municipal De Antigua Guatemala

Guatemala Images

Río Suchiate, frontera México-Guatemala.... SDC11534 | Flickr
Río Suchiate, frontera México-Guatemala.... SDC11534 | Flickr
ARRAKEEN'S SITE Guatemala 2013
ARRAKEEN'S SITE Guatemala 2013
Quirigua, Guatemala
Quirigua, Guatemala
Catarata Rubel Chaim - Guatemala | Reserva Natural Privada ...
Catarata Rubel Chaim - Guatemala | Reserva Natural Privada ...
El Mirador, Guatemala
El Mirador, Guatemala
Casa colonial en Antigua Guatemala | Roberto Urrea | Flickr
Casa colonial en Antigua Guatemala | Roberto Urrea | Flickr
Retablo de Jesús Nazareno, Iglesia de La Merced, Ciudad de ...
Retablo de Jesús Nazareno, Iglesia de La Merced, Ciudad de ...
Pacaja classroom.2000 | Aula de Pacaja. | USAID Guatemala ...
Pacaja classroom.2000 | Aula de Pacaja. | USAID Guatemala ...
Altar de Jesús Sacramentado de San José Catedral en Antigu ...
Altar de Jesús Sacramentado de San José Catedral en Antigu ...
Violencia Intrafamiliar
Violencia Intrafamiliar

Guatemala WebSites


Guatemala Wiki

Guatemala ( (listen) GWAH-tə-MAH-lə; Spanish: [gwateˈmala]), officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million, it is the most populated country in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.The territory of modern Guatemala once formed the core of the Maya civilization, which extended across Mesoamerica. Most of the country was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, which dissolved by 1841.From the mid to late 19th century, Guatemala experienced chronic instability and civil strife. Beginning in the early 20th century, it was ruled by a series of dictators backed by the United Fruit Company and the United States government. In 1944, authoritarian leader Jorge Ubico was overthrown by a pro-democratic military coup, initiating a decade-long revolution that led to sweeping social and economic reforms. A U.S.-backed military coup in 1954 ended the revolution and installed a dictatorship.From 1960 to 1996, Guatemala endured a bloody civil war fought between the US-backed government and leftist rebels, including genocidal massacres of the Maya population perpetrated by the military. Since a United Nations-negotiated peace accord, Guatemala has witnessed both economic growth and successful democratic elections, though it continues to struggle with high rates of poverty, crime, drug trade, and instability. As of 2014, Guatemala ranks 31st of 33 Latin American and Caribbean countries in terms of the Human Development Index.Guatemala's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems includes a large number of endemic species and contributes to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.