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Japan NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Mon, 17 Dec 2018 07:06:14 GMTGoogle News
Japan’s inflation target is still remarkably elusive  Financial Times

Growth in prices is stubbornly low, but the real economy is healthy.

Financial Times
Japan eyes fast access to phone and bank services for foreigners  Nikkei Asian Review

TOKYO -- Japan will take measures to help workers from abroad meet essential needs in their everyday lives ahead of an influx expected next year.

Nikkei Asian Review
Tat's that then, Japan resorts prepare to lay out welcome mat for inked visitors  Stuff.co.nz

Inked-up Rugby World Cup visitors may not have to cover up in public, after all.

Japan electronics firms look to re-engineer their design mojo:The Asahi Shimbun  Asahi Shimbun

Akihiro Adachi, a 31-year-old audiovisual equipment designer at Panasonic Corp., longed for some personal space during his lengthy train rides from Osaka to ...

Asahi Shimbun
5 lies to help you get out of Japan's dreaded end-of-the-year office parties  Japan Today

With the year winding down, workers across Japan are looking forward having a few days off at the end of December/start of January, since New Year's is the ...

Japan Today
Japanese medical school admits rigging entrance exams in favor of men because 'women mentally mature faster'  Business Insider

One in five doctors in Japan are women — the lowest proportion of female-to-male doctors among OECD countries.

Business Insider
Robots In Japan Cafe Give The Differently Abled A Chance To Earn Big  NDTV News

Called OriHime-D, the cafe robots are different from AI robots. OriHime-D are manipulated remotely by people using a mouse or their eyes to operate a computer ...

World Judo Masters ends in glory for Japan  Euronews English

Japan's judoka again reign supreme at the end-of-season meeting in China.

Euronews English
Fate of $1 trillion in risky US loans may be in Japan's hands  The Japan Times

Japanese banks might have snapped up a third of the loans made to highly indebted U.S. companies, propelling the size of the market past $1 trillion.

The Japan Times
Japan mulls visa test exemptions based on education level  The Japan Times

Japan plans to grant exemptions from technical tests required for a new category of visa if applicants have attained a certain degree of professional education in ...

The Japan Times
Male flight attendant trend is taking off in Japan  South China Morning Post

More men are taking jobs in the traditionally female-dominated profession of Japanese airline cabin crew as smaller airlines actively look to distinguish ...

South China Morning Post
Why Shinzo Abe faces an uphill battle to revise Japan’s constitution  Brookings Institution

Revising the constitution is a longtime ambition of conservative Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the longest-serving Japanese prime minister in 50 years. With Abe ...

Brookings Institution
There Is Only 1 Thing Stopping Japan from Building Real Aircraft Carriers  The National Interest Online

Japan has decided to refit its Izumo-class light carriers to operate the F-35B stealth fighter. So modified, the Izumos will carry about a dozen F-35Bs each, giving ...

The National Interest Online
Akira Tozawa heading to Fight Club: PRO's Japan event  Figure Four Online

Tozawa is coming to Fight Club: PRO after a number of talent were pulled from the event.

Figure Four Online
Polled economists say Japan should raise sales tax above 10% to fund welfare costs:  Japan Today

Japan should raise its sales tax above the planned 10 percent to cope with increased social welfare costs as the population ages and declines, most economists ...

Japan Today
Japan Is Cracking Down on Pirated Manga  GeekTyrant

Japan is trying to help copyright holders of manga *content* as they find ways to stop piracy of manga.

Meet OWL and HIBOU! Japan's Asteroid Hoppers Get New Names  Space.com

Japan's pioneering Hayabusa2 asteroid hoppers have gotten new names.

With eyes on China and Trump, Japan to invest in ‘aircraft carrier,’ F-35 fighters  The Washington Post

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is pushing Japan to respond to the threat from China, but his efforts are controversial.

The Washington Post
2 More Medical Schools in Japan Have Admitted to Discriminating Against Women  TIME

Two more medical schools in Japan have admitted to systematic discrimination against female students this week, the latest institutional scandal to hit the ...

Fed and BoE rate decisions, EU-Japan trade deal  Financial Times

There's central bank action ahead this week with the Fed expected to lift interest rates by 25 basis points when it delivers its monetary policy decision on ...

Financial Times
Japan wants more foreign workers but they may not want Japan: poll  The Japan Times

Days after Japan enacted a law introducing a foreign-worker program to bolster a labor force shrinking due to the aging population, a study showed it could ...

The Japan Times
The Old U.S. Trade War With Japan Looms Over Today’s Dispute With China  The Wall Street Journal

The Reagan administration won big concessions at the time, with dire effects on the Japanese economy.

The Wall Street Journal
'Strong anger' in Okinawa as Japan starts work to move US base  Al Jazeera English

Opponents of relocation say it risks harming environment and ignores local wishes to have base off the island entirely.

Al Jazeera English
Japan Continues To Demonstrate Friendship With Jamaica  Government of Jamaica, Jamaica Information Service

Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, Senator the Hon. Pearnel Charles Jr., says Japan continues to demonstrate its friendship with Jamaica ...

Government of Jamaica, Jamaica Information Service
EVO Japan 2019 Game Lineup Revealed But Two Big Favorites Are Sorely Missing  Comicbook.com

In just a couple of months, EVO Japan will begin, bringing together some of the best fighters in the world as they partake in fierce competitive action. However ...

Rootstock Software Appoints Yoichiro Sugii General Manager of Rootstock Japan  Associated Press

SAN RAMON, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Dec 16, 2018--Rootstock Software, a leading cloud Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) provider for manufacturing, ...

Associated Press
Sun setting on Japan's nuclear export sector  Asia Times

Japan's nuclear export industry could be dealt a fatal blow if Mitsubishi Heavy Industries pulls out of a massive project to build four large power plants on ...

Asia Times
Japan moves forward on F-35 buy, aircraft carrier transformation  Military Times

TOKYO — Japan is expected to announce new defense guidelines next week that would transform its newest warship into an aircraft carrier and pave the way ...

Military Times
The viral Twitter account celebrating Japan's mascot culture  CNN

The Twitter account Mondo Mascots has become the space for celebrating cute Japanese mascots, where more than 50000 followers obsess over the most ...

Japan effectively bans China’s Huawei and ZTE from government contracts, joining U.S.  The Washington Post

TOKYO — Japan's government issued instructions Monday effectively banning China's Huawei and ZTE from official contracts, while the country's top three ...

The Washington Post
Europe and Japan’s Cheese-for-Cars Trade Deal to Launch Next Year  The Wall Street Journal

BRUSSELS—European Union lawmakers capped a two-year sprint to seal an economic partnership agreement with Japan on Wednesday, highlighting the U.S. ...

The Wall Street Journal
Smash Ultimate, Dragon Ball Fighter Z blocked from EVO Japan 2019  FOX Sports Asia

The Evolution Championship Series (EVO), the world's premier fighting game esports tournament, has announced the list of games featured in EVO Japan 2019, ...

FOX Sports Asia
How Hong Kong, Japan and Korea won over Muslim travellers  South China Morning Post

After diplomatic spats with China, Japan and South Korea turned towards courting Muslim travellers Hong Kong's array of halal food allows some of its most ...

South China Morning Post
Japan's new defense guidelines will outline plans for more cohesive and flexible 'multidimensional' force  The Japan Times

Japan plans to call for the building of “multidimensional” defense capabilities in the next version of its national defense plan amid security challenges in new ...

The Japan Times
The Art of Protecting Japan's 'Perfect Orchid'  Atlas Obscura

Sometimes, it seems like orchids are the snowflakes of the botany world. Though these flowers bear some similarities—all of them poised in their fragility and ...

Atlas Obscura
More seniors, more foreigners: How Japan is changing  BBC News

The quickly ageing nation faces huge gaps in the workforce. Now, it's taking historic steps to lower barriers for foreigners in a place that's long been resistant to ...

BBC News
How will China react to Japan’s plan to build an aircraft carrier?  South China Morning Post

Tokyo says it wants to upgrade its Izumo-class destroyers so they can carry and launch fighter jetsMove would be a first since nation adopted its pacifist ...

South China Morning Post
Canada quietly concludes additional auto talks with Japan  CBC News

Canada and Japan have agreed to additional trade rules on motor vehicle safety and environmental standards, according to a side letter tabled in the House of ...

CBC News
Japan medical schools 'rigged women's results'  BBC News

At least nine Japanese medical schools manipulated admissions, in part to exclude female students, a government investigation has found. The inquiry was ...

BBC News
Japan needs immigrants, but do immigrants need Japan?  CNN

As Japan's population gets older and smaller, the government is struggling to balance its own deeply conservative views on immigration with the need for new ...

Japan picks 'disaster' character to define 2018  BBC News

In its annual vote, the Japanese people picked the character "disaster" to symbolise their year.

BBC News
Notable Japanese Announcer Promotes Hakka Culture, Literature in Japan  Business Wire

Taiwan's Hakka Affairs Council has held a press conference on Dec. 15 in Tokyo to promote five Hakka literary works that have been published earlier t.

Business Wire
Japan’s Best Curry Chain Is Now in Europe  Skift Table

CoCo Ichibanya has more than 1100 restaurants in Japan and about 150 more around the world, serving unusual curries such as sausage; hamburger; CoCo ...

Skift Table
Japan’s new year faces a painful reckoning for markets  Financial Times

Two big new listings on indices will bring a reminder of the role passive money now plays.

Financial Times
‘Dragon Ball Super: Broly’ Opening Weekend Breaks Japanese Box Office Record  Comicbook.com

Dragon Ball Super may have parted ways with fans this spring when its TV series ended, but the franchise is far from done. This week, the title rolled out its ...

Five U.S. Marines Missing in Aircraft Accident Off Japan  The New York Times

HONG KONG — Five United States Marines were missing and two have been found after two aircraft crashed off the coast of Japan early Thursday, the Marine ...

The New York Times
PlayStation Classic Off To Sluggish Sales Start In Japan  Comicbook.com

Sony debuted the PlayStation Classic to retail earlier this month; and while it made promises when it came to bringing back gaming memories from the 90's, ...

The Japanese "demon of painting" who invented manga in 1874  CNN

Kyōsai, 19th-century Japan's most notorious artist, only came alive when he was smashed. Rumored to drink three bottles of sake every day by noon, ...

The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk: The Airplane That Imperial Japan Hated  The National Interest Online

During the first year of American participation in World War II, the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk (Kittyhawk or Tomahawk to the British) came to symbolize the United ...

The National Interest Online
Turning the page on an era: Pager services to end in Japan after 50 years  The Japan Times

Japan will soon be out of pagers after its only provider said Monday it will terminate the *service* next September, with the device — first introduced half.

The Japan Times
Other voices: Chinese telecom equipment presents security concerns for Japan, world  St. Paul Pioneer Press

Japan's government has an obligation to prevent the leakage of confidential information and to defend against cyber-attacks. As long as there is a possibility of ...

St. Paul Pioneer Press
Japan's 5 million dementia patients hold ¥143 trillion — and both numbers are on the rise  The Japan Times

Yumiko Okubo, 71, had forgotten how to heat up food. "What's a microwave?" she asked her husband, Eiichi. She was in the early stages of dementia, struggli.

The Japan Times
Scientists think this exotic fish hitchhiked from Japan to California in tsunami debris  CNN

Divers swimming in the cold, murky waters of Monterey Bay, California, say they've spotted a mysterious fish that's a long way from home. It's called a barred ...

How Japan's corporate culture allows corrupt CEOs to win  CNN

The nation has seen a flurry of corporate scandals in recent years, most recently with Carlos Ghosn at Nissan. That's thanks to its corporate culture, which makes ...

Japan's Crown Princess says she's 'insecure' about becoming Empress  CNN

Tokyo (CNN) Japan's Crown Princess Masako has said she feels "insecure" about assuming the role of empress next year amid an ongoing battle with ...

New South Korean court ruling angers Japan, deepening crisis between America’s closest Pacific allies  The Washington Post

The ruling was the second in a month over the issue of forced labor during World War II that has poisoned relations between the two countries.

The Washington Post
Japan's final pager service to end  CNN

Japan is finally ditching pagers decades after the technology was rendered obsolete by cell phones.

Want a free country house in Japan? They're giving them away  CNBC

Japan has an increasing number of vacant homes — a problem that's set to persist because of an aging and shrinking population that has left many towns and ...

Why Is Japan Still So Attached to Paper?  The New York Times

Washi is to the Japanese something like what wine is to the French — a national obsession and point of pride.

The New York Times
Japanese prosecutors indict former Nissan chairman on charges of underreporting pay, effectively extend his detention  The Washington Post

TOKYO — Japanese prosecutors indicted former Nissan chairman Carlos Ghosn on Monday on a charge of underreporting his pay in securities reports, while ...

The Washington Post
Japan's Economic Outlook in Five Charts  International Monetary Fund

Japan has had an extended period of strong economic growth. On the policy front, six years of “Abenomics” saw lower fiscal deficits, near-record unemployment, ...

International Monetary Fund
Explosion near pubin Japan injures dozens  CNN

An explosion near a pub in the northern Japanese city of Sapporo injured at least 42 people, including one critically, said Hokkaido Police public relations officer ...

Facing Critical Labor Shortage, Japan Opens Door Wider To Foreign Workers  NPR

Japanese lawmakers have passed controversial legislation expanding the number of semi-skilled foreign workers who can live and work in the notably insular ...

Japan's potential buy of 100 more F-35s would have big international significance  DefenseNews.com

Japan is reportedly looking to buy the F-35B short-takeoff-and-vertical-landing model, which would allow it to operate from ships and send a message to China.

Top 10 books about Japan  The Guardian

Taking in folklore, history and the world's first novel, here is some of the best reading about an endlessly inventive country.

The Guardian
Ikumen: How Japan's 'hunky dads' are changing parenting  BBC News

A government programme has tried to make fatherhood cool and sexy. Has it succeeded?

BBC News
Japan's most beautiful ryokans invite you to do absolutely nothing  CNN

A ryokan, a traditional Japanese guesthouse, encourages you to do nothing but relax and be. Here are Japan's most beautiful ryokans.

Is Japan's New Defense Plan Ambitious Enough?  War on the Rocks

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan may have the clearest strategic vision of any world leader facing China today. In his first National Security.

War on the Rocks
The challenges of Japan’s demography  The Economist

JAPAN IS DEALING with an extreme version of the demographic challenges that face many rich countries. In an interview with The Economist, Shinzo Abe, the ...

The Economist
Japan to get first aircraft carrier since second world war amid China concerns  The Guardian

Tokyo will upgrade helicopter carriers, a move critics say violates constitutional commitment to defensive role.

The Guardian
U.S. military abandons search for five missing Marines after crash near Japan  The Washington Post

TOKYO — The U.S. military has ended search operations for five missing Marines involved in an accident off the coast of Japan five days ago, declaring all of ...

The Washington Post
Japanese fishing boat owners charged in Hawaii with helping smuggle shark fins  Japan Today

U.S. prosecutors in Hawaii are accusing the owners and officers of a Japanese fishing boat of helping Indonesian fishermen smuggle nearly 1000 shark fins, ...

Japan Today
Five Marines identified after being declared dead in air crash near Japan  NBC News

Five U.S. Marines who were missing and declared dead after a collision involving a fighter jet and another military plane off the coast of Japan last week were ...

NBC News
Mass Resignation at State-Backed Fund Confounds Japan’s Quest for Tech Unicorns  Wall Street Journal

Nine of the 11 directors at a new $18 billion government-backed investment fund resigned after drawing criticism for their performance-based incentives, ...

Wall Street Journal
Japanese acquisition officials reveal next steps in search for advanced fighter jet  DefenseNews.com

TOKYO — Japan is pushing ahead with research and development into advanced fighter jet technology, despite uncertainty over its acquisition strategy for a ...

Here’s why Rakuten - the Amazon of Japan - chose to set up its tech R&D centre in Bengaluru  YourStory

Yasufumi Hirai, CIO and CISO, Rakuten, says the Japanese ecommerce major's deep tech research and development arm in Bengaluru will help drive ...

Huawei Freezes Orders From Japan Supplier After CFO Arrest  Bloomberg

The surprise arrest of Huawei Technologies Co.'s Chief Financial Officer Meng Wanzhou is about to impact one of the Chinese company's suppliers in Japan.

Six people found dead in mass killing at Japan tourist hotspot  The Guardian

Officials in Miyazaki prefecture urge people to be careful and keep close eye on children after gruesome discovery.

The Guardian
He swam from Japan to Hawaii and at times saw a piece of plastic in the ocean every three minutes  CNN

The French swimmer Ben Lecomte steps ashore in Hawaii more than six months after entering the water in Japan in an attempt to swim across the Pacific ...

Japan has so many vacant homes it's giving them away  CNN

The series on Japan's demographic reckoning is supported by the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting. None of the material in this series may be reproduced ...

Japan Is Giving Away 8 Million Abandoned Houses — Here's How to Get One  Travel+Leisure

Wannabe homeowners in Japan are about to get the deal of a lifetime. The Japanese government is launching a program to reduce the number of abandoned ...

Japan’s struggle with a rising China  Financial Times

Shinzo Abe will reduce tensions if he can but the Asian superpower is a potent threat.

Financial Times
Australian Financial Review  The Australian Financial Review

Japan, and a number of its largest businesses, are monitoring the feud between Australian rare earths producer Lynas and Malaysia.

The Australian Financial Review
Japan’s Immigration Harbinger  The Wall Street Journal

The famously insular nation is admitting more foreign workers.

The Wall Street Journal
The Daily: Japan Calls All Coins 'Crypto Assets', Russia Defines Cryptocurrency as Property  Bitcoin News

The Financial Services Agency of Japan has resolved to refer to cryptocurrencies as “crypto assets” in order to prevent confusion with legal tender. Also The ...

Bitcoin News
Japan preparing to put US-designed stealth jets on an 'aircraft carrier'  CNN

Japan is preparing an order for roughly 100 US-designed F-35 stealth fighter jets in a deal that could potentially upend the balance of power in Asia, according ...

'Comfort women': anger as Japan paper alters description of WWII terms  The Guardian

Change prompts concern that country's media is trying to rewrite wartime history under rightwing pressure.

The Guardian
Tokyo court rejects Carlos Ghosn's complaint about his month-long detention  CNN

Hong Kong (CNN Business) A Japanese court has rejected a complaint filed by former Nissan Chairman Carlos Ghosn over a decision to extend his three-week ...

Japan to host first PGA Tour event in 2019 with space billionaire's backing  CNN

Japan is set to host its first ever PGA Tour event after signing a six-year deal with fashion website Zozotown.

Millions of Japanese homes are abandoned, and owners are giving them away for free  Business Insider

Japan's rural and suburban communities are littered with unoccupied or deserted homes, which have little to no resale value. This surplus of abandoned real ...

Business Insider
Japan's military sees record spending, aims to buy more U.S. arms: Nikkei  Reuters

Japan's military looks to raise spending over the next five years in response to security challenges and to narrow Japan's trade surplus with the United States by ...

A New Japanese Marketplace Opens in Brooklyn  The New York Times

Japan Village can claim the title of food anchor for the collection of enterprises that have settled into the Industry City development in Sunset Park, Brooklyn.

The New York Times
Remodelling Japan's climate policy  East Asia Forum

The Tokyo metropolitan government has provided a model for how to reduce greenhouse emissions without restarting nuclear power plants.

East Asia Forum
Japan said to plan to bar Huawei, ZTE from government procurement contracts  CNBC

Japan plans to ban government purchases of equipment from China's Huawei Technologies and ZTE, a person with direct knowledge and a person briefed on ...

Japan's military sees record spending: Nikkei  Japan Today

Japan's military looks to raise spending over the next five years in response to security challenges and to narrow Japan's trade surplus with the United States by ...

Japan Today
Japan's government is considering offering cash to lure people away from Tokyo  Quartz

The number of people living in Tokyo is increasing, while the rest of the country suffers from depopulation and dilapidation.

Japan's SoftBank to replace Huawei equipment, Nikkei reports  CNBC

Japanese mobile carrier SoftBank will be replacing hardware from Huawei Technologies in its 4G telecommunications network infrastructure in the next few ...

Excerpt: Rare World War II maps reveal Japan's Pearl Harbor strategy  National Geographic

On December 7, 1941, Japanese forces attacked Pearl Harbor. Maps, both historic and newly created by National Geographic, yield new insights into the full ...

National Geographic

Japan Videos

Famous Dex - Japan (Prod. JGramm) [Official Lyric Video]
Famous Dex - Japan (Prod. JGramm) [Official Lyric Video]
Shawn Mendes, Zedd - Lost In Japan (Original + Remix)
Shawn Mendes, Zedd - Lost In Japan (Original + Remix)
12 Things NOT to do in Japan
12 Things NOT to do in Japan
The Rules that Rule Japan
The Rules that Rule Japan
Brunch at 7-ELEVEN VS LAWSON in Tokyo Japan
Brunch at 7-ELEVEN VS LAWSON in Tokyo Japan
ऐसे  20 काम जो हमें जापान से सीखने चाहिए 20 THINGS ONLY HAPPEN IN JAPAN
ऐसे 20 काम जो हमें जापान से सीखने चाहिए 20 THINGS ONLY HAPPEN IN JAPAN
Famous Dex - Japan [Official NRG Video]
Famous Dex - Japan [Official NRG Video]
This is what it’s like to work in Japan// Girl Abroad Ep. 1
This is what it’s like to work in Japan// Girl Abroad Ep. 1
New Japan movie HD | The Physical Therapist | Ep.53 | Music video Remix | New Project | Hit Movie
New Japan movie HD | The Physical Therapist | Ep.53 | Music video Remix | New Project | Hit Movie
20 Things Proving That Japan Lives In 3018
20 Things Proving That Japan Lives In 3018

Japan Images

Japan International Cooperation Agency
Japan International Cooperation Agency
mountain, snow, trees, leaves, fujiam, lake, sky, autumn ...
mountain, snow, trees, leaves, fujiam, lake, sky, autumn ...
Embassy of Japan in India
Embassy of Japan in India
Bunny Island GIFs on Giphy
Bunny Island GIFs on Giphy
再発見!いやしの歌姫・天地真理 ☆ Mari Amachi(Japan)☆
再発見!いやしの歌姫・天地真理 ☆ Mari Amachi(Japan)☆
秋 | 四季風景 | 兼六園
秋 | 四季風景 | 兼六園
扭蛋機大隊 @ TOMOTOMOの「SAKAI太太~日本発」 :: 隨意窩 Xuite日誌
扭蛋機大隊 @ TOMOTOMOの「SAKAI太太~日本発」 :: 隨意窩 Xuite日誌
永田鉄山(拡大写真) | 近代日本人の肖像
永田鉄山(拡大写真) | 近代日本人の肖像
Art gallery Marc Driessens
Art gallery Marc Driessens

Japan WebSites


Japan Wiki

Japan (Japanese: 日本; Nippon [ɲippoɴ] or Nihon [ɲihoɴ]; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.The kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and often are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one. The population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest, of which 98.5% are ethnic Japanese. About 13.8 million people live in Tokyo, the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people.Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other regions, mainly China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history.From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, which was ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism. The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation by the SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, and the G20, and is considered a great power. Its economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. It is also the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer.Japan benefits from a highly skilled and educated workforce; it has among the world's largest proportion of citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Although it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles; it ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful military in 2015. Japan is a highly developed country with a very high standard of living and Human Development Index. Its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, anime, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern technology.