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NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Wed, 16 Jan 2019 19:47:23 GMTGoogle News
Calligraphy relic sparks outrage in China after Taiwan loans it to Japan museum  Fox News

A 1200 calligraphy masterpiece that has been loaned by Taiwan's National Palace Museum for an exhibition in Japan is sparked widespread outrage in China.

Fox News
Japan falls in mostly softer Asia, with cars, banks struggling  MarketWatch

Asia Pacific struggled for traction on Wednesday, with Japan stocks among the big laggards. Japan saw some pressure from *fresh* gains in the yen. The Nikkei ...

Russia urges Japan to 'accept the result' of World War II  DW (English)

Russia's foreign minister has called on Tokyo to accept the outcome of the war in order to advance discussions on a peace plan. Russia and Japan have yet to ...

DW (English)
Japan's machinery orders nearly flat in November  The Japan Times

Core private-sector machinery orders were nearly flat in November compared with the previous month, suggesting firms may be becoming less eager to invest a.

The Japan Times
Japan surges new weapons, military roles to meet China's rise  Military Times

TOKYO — Most Japanese military officials won't name the potential adversary that has spurred rapid Japanese modernization across its ground, maritime and ...

Military Times
As Japan Tries Out Immigration, Migrant Workers Complain Of Exploitation  NPR

A Vietnamese laborer tells NPR he was led to believe he would learn construction work but ended up cleaning up the Fukushima nuclear site. Migrant ...

You Need To Visit Nikko To See The Best Of Japan  Forbes

The next time you visit Japan, plan to spend time north of Tokyo in the Tochigi Prefecture, where you will enjoy national forests, waterfalls, important World ...

Kisenosato, Japan's last remaining sumo champion, retires  BBC News

Japan's last remaining home-grown sumo champion has announced his retirement after a string of tournament losses. Kisenosato Yutaka said he had been ...

BBC News
Japan sees record 31 million tourists in 2018  Channel NewsAsia

TOKYO: Japan welcomed a record 31 million foreign visitors in 2018, official data showed on Wednesday (Jan 16), as the country gears up to host the Rugby ...

Channel NewsAsia
Insect snacks vending machine in Japan a hit with locals  The Straits Times

KUMAMOTO, JAPAN - Cricket protein bars, crunchy unicorn beetles, and canned tarantulas. A vending machine in Japan selling insect snacks is not just ...

The Straits Times
How Japan Keeps Carlos Ghosn in Jail  The Mercury

Long detention, rearresting, no bail: Japan's justice system has been criticized for its unusual process aimed at extracting confessions. The weekslong detention ...

The Mercury
Japan cherry blossom forecast 2019: Sakura expected to bloom earlier  Channel NewsAsia

Cherry blossom season is expected to arrive in Japan earlier than usual, with Tokyo, Kyoto, Nagoya and Fukuoka expecting first bloom up to four ...

Channel NewsAsia
Japanese workforce projected to be 20% smaller by 2040  The Japan Times

The workforce in 2040 is projected to be 20 percent smaller than in 2017 due to overall population decline if the economy sees no growth and women and the ...

The Japan Times
Japan and South Korea Must Focus on North Korea (Not Each Other)  The National Interest Online

On December 20, 2018, following instructions from the government of the Republic of Korea, the Korean Coast Guard (KCG) and the Republic of Korea Navy ...

The National Interest Online
Japan’s unsung art islands are magnificent  Business Day

If your travels are driven and dominated by art and architecture, Japan's art islands seem designed specially for your desires — and then they deliver so much ...

Business Day
How hyper-realistic plastic food became a $90 million industry in Japan  Business Insider

Plastic food called "sampuru" fill Japan's restaurant windows. The realistic displays help with language barriers and have historical significance.

Business Insider
Japan court sides with unshaven metro workers  NHK WORLD

A Japanese court has ruled that a subway firm's severe evaluation of personnel with beards or mustaches was unfair, and ordered that damages be paid.

Willie could join Jake in Japan  Sport24

Springbok fullback Willie le Roux's next move appears to be either to Japan or back to South Africa.

Israel sets target of $1 billion in exports to Japan in coming year  The Times of Israel

Israel, Japan sign accord on cooperation in digital health; Tokyo eyeing Israeli cybersecurity tech to safeguard 2020 Summer Olympics.

The Times of Israel
Progress of Japan fishing reform  The Ecologist

Reforms represent significant progress for sustainable fishing in the region.

The Ecologist
Tragic princess: Foreign high schoolers have slim education opportunities in Japan  The Mainichi

TOKYO -- Foreign children are not subject to Japan's compulsory education system, a fact viewed as one of the main reasons that many such youth known.

The Mainichi
Kuril islands sovereignty not for discussion, Russia tells Japan  Aljazeera.com

Remarks by Russian foreign minister after talks with Japanese counterpart set stage for upcoming Putin-Abe meeting.

Bank of Japan to cut inflation forecast due to sharp fall in oil prices  The Japan Times

The Bank of Japan is almost certain to cut its inflation forecast for the fiscal year starting in April given the sharp fall in oil prices, according to so.

The Japan Times
Hear Kelsea Ballerini’s Honeyed Cover of Shawn Mendes’ ‘Lost in Japan’  Rolling Stone

Kelsea Ballerini applies a velvety-smooth touch to Shawn Mendes' “Lost in Japan” in her new cover version of the pop hit, recorded in Nashville for Spotify ...

Rolling Stone
Japan and Iceland meet in Handball World Cup  Iceland Monitor

Iceland is currently playing against Japan in the second last round of group B in the men's handball world cup in Munich in Germany.

Iceland Monitor
Letters From Japan: 'Why must we visit my Canadian husband's home every year?'  Japan Today

Savvy Tokyo's resident "Love in Japan" columnist, Hilary Keyes, answers anonymous questions from readers on everything from dating in Japan to women's ...

Japan Today
Japan’s Not Back Yet  Bloomberg

In a November speech, the BOJ's governor came close to declaring the end of deflation and the dawn of a new era. Now that seems premature.

Japan court denies bail to former Nissan chief Carlos Ghosn  Aljazeera.com

Lebanese tycoon will remain in detention following his arrest over financial misconduct.

Japan Getting Kingdom Hearts Themed Hotel Rooms  Kotaku

Starting this March, the Disney Ambassador Hotel at the Tokyo Disney Resort is rolling out special Kingdom Hearts themed rooms. And yes, you can open the ...

Football: Ex-Japan forward Maki says "soccer is life" upon retirement  Kyodo News Plus

Announcing his retirement on Jan. 15, former Japan forward Seiichiro Maki says he had learned "everything in life" from the sport he spent 16 years playing as a ...

Kyodo News Plus
Japan's Olympic chief denies 2020 bid corruption  Nikkei Asian Review

TOKYO -- The Japanese Olympic Committee chief who led Tokyo's bid for the 2020 Games on Tuesday denied allegations of corruption leveled by French inv.

Nikkei Asian Review
Japan’s robot hotel lays off half the robots after they created more work for humans  The Verge

It turns out that even robots are having a tough time holding down a job. Japan's Henn-na “Strange” Hotel has laid off half its 243 robots after they created more ...

The Verge
South Korea says Japan failed to show definitive proof of radar lock-on  The Japan Times

Seoul said Tokyo has failed to provide concrete proof backing its claim that a South Korean warship locked its radar on a Japanese plane last month.

The Japan Times
Leaky seal to blame for fighter jet's precautionary landing in northern Japan  Stars and Stripes

An Air Force F-16D Fighting Falcon assigned to Misawa Air Base in northern Japan was forced to make the precautionary landing at a Japanese regional airport ...

Stars and Stripes
Staying positive: 6 tips for beating the winter blues in Japan  Japan Today

Recently, I blogged about the key steps that ALTs and other Japan residents can take to keep their house warm and safe in the often harsh winters of central and ...

Japan Today
Japan plans further land reclamation work at Henoko site of new US base in Okinawa from March  The Japan Times

The central government plans to start soil placement for further reclamation work in an area off the Henoko coastal district in Nago, Okinawa Prefecture, i.

The Japan Times
China, Japan Overseas M&A Push to Extend in 2019, JPMorgan Says  Bloomberg

Companies in China and Japan will continue their pursuit of overseas acquisitions this year amid the economic growth slowdown and geopolitical uncertainty, ...

FORM builds thick concrete volumes to create the tranquil house in japan  Designboom

FORM/kouichi kimura architects has designed a series of concrete volumes to create the 'tranquil house' for a private client in shiga, japan. the new building is ...

Cherry blossoms in Japan are predicted to arrive earlier than usual again in 2019  The Japan Times

Although some parts of Japan have yet to see this year's first snowfall, experts say they already know when spring will come. Residents of Kochi Prefecture in the ...

The Japan Times
Baby girl with exceptionally long hair becomes Pantene model after her photos go viral  USA TODAY

Baby Chanco, a 1-year-old with hair well past her chin, has become a hair model for Pantene.

Major Japan sports brand spars with top investor over Asian tactics  Nikkei Asian Review

TOKYO/OSAKA -- A pillar of Japan Inc. is feuding with the management of a sportswear maker in which it holds a nearly 30% stake.In one corner is tradi.

Nikkei Asian Review
Delta passenger who carried firearm through TSA screening returned from Japan to US on the same day  CNN

A woman who carried a firearm onto a flight from Atlanta to Tokyo's Narita International Airport on January 3 returned to the US the same day she arrived in ...

Fast Asia Open: Japan PPI, China new home prices  Financial Times

Theresa May's Brexit deal, the product of two years of tortuous negotiations in Brussels, was on Tuesday night overwhelmingly rejected by Britain's House of ...

Financial Times
How Aging Japan Defied Demographics and Revived Its Economy  The Wall Street Journal

Japan encouraged the elderly and women to work and broke a longstanding taboo against immigration, offering lessons for other advanced economies facing ...

The Wall Street Journal
American Express acquires Japan-based restaurant booking service Pocket Concierge  TechCrunch

American Express made an acquisition in Japan by picking up restaurant booking *service* Pocket Concierge in an undisclosed deal. The acquisition was ...

Japan’s Olympics Chief Faces Corruption Charges in France  The New York Times

LONDON — The president of Japan's Olympic Committee has been indicted on corruption charges in France after an investigation into the bidding process that ...

The New York Times
Saudis Rush To Meet Japan's Oil Needs | OilPrice.com  OilPrice.com

Saudi Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih discussed on Monday how Saudi Arabia could meet Japan's petroleum requirements in a meeting with the Japanese ...

A Japanese Magazine Apologized for Ranking Universities by How Easily the Women Are Coaxed Into Sex  TIME

A Japanese tabloid apologized for ranking universities on how easily men can coerce the female students into having sex.

to-the-point: Japan ends 2018 with 3.58 GW of wind power  Renewables Now

January 16 (Renewables Now) - Japan Wind Power Association (JWPA) announced today the country has ended 2018 with an installed capacity of 3584.

Renewables Now
'Black eye for Japan': Corruption probe sullies 2020 Tokyo Olympics  New Zealand Herald

Tsunekazu Takeda, the president of the Japanese Olympic Committee and a powerful IOC member, again denied corruption allegations against him, suggesting ...

New Zealand Herald
Thomas to talk in Japan on children's rights  Royal Gazette

The rights of children in Bermuda will come under the spotlight at a major conference in Japan next week.Tiffanne Thomas, an independent social.

Royal Gazette
Socceroos to face Japan or Uzbekistan in Asian Cup Round of 16  ABC News

Australia's Asian Cup title defence chances remain alive, but heavyweights Japan and Uzbekistan loom in the Round of 16.

ABC News
Canon #1 in Both DSLR and Mirrorless Sales in Japan in 2018  PetaPixel

Sony has made big strides in the camera industry with its strong mirrorless camera offerings in recent years, but it has a long way to go before hitting its goal of ...

Japan Court Denies Carlos Ghosn's Latest Bail Request  Car and Bike

Carlos Ghosn's latest bid to be released on bail was rejected by a Tokyo court, leaving the fallen car titan behind bars for at least another two months as ...

Car and Bike
Explaining 'Manual Keigo,' the Code of Japan's Clerks  CityLab

Throughout Japan, store clerks and other *service* industry workers are trained to use the elaborate honorific speech called “manual keigo.” But change is ...

Japan's vernacular press coverage tiptoes around tattoo controversy  The Japan Times

Before the Olympic Games come to Tokyo in the summer of 2020, Japan will get a chance to prove its mettle as an international sporting events host with the.

The Japan Times
Japan’s Nuclear Export Struggles Narrow the Field of Suppliers  Greentech Media News

Only a handful of nations now seem capable of building new reactors, with the ability of the U.S. also in doubt.

Greentech Media News
Japan v Uzbekistan: Cuper not distracted by potential last-16 opponents  beIN SPORTS MENA Breaking News

Australia are a potential opponent for Uzbekistan and Japan in the last 16, but Hector Cuper is focused only on topping Asian Cup Group F.

beIN SPORTS MENA Breaking News
Japan to Resume Commercial Whaling, Defying International Ban  The New York Times

Japan said on Wednesday that it would withdraw from an international agreement and resume commercial whaling, a defiant move to prop up an industry that ...

The New York Times
Japan's exit from whaling group may benefit whales  Science Magazine

Japan's 26 December 2018 announcement that it will withdraw from the International Whaling Commission (IWC) and resume commercial whaling in its own ...

Science Magazine
Japanese Justice Faces Scrutiny in Case of Nissan Chief and U.S. Board Member  The New York Times

The jailing of Carlos Ghosn and Greg Kelly exposed stark differences in how crimes are pursued and suspects are handled in Japan and in Western ...

The New York Times
Japan to have first aircraft carriers since World War II  CNN

Tokyo (CNN) Japan is poised to put its first aircraft carriers to sea since World War II, refitting its Izumo-class warships to carry US-designed F-35B fighter jets, the ...

Perceived dearth of freedom in Japan's schools reflects wider woes  The Japan Times

What a strange place a school is — a world within a world, a society within a society. Kids grow up in it asking themselves, “Is the real world like this?” Yes and ...

The Japan Times
Japan's Population Is In Rapid Decline  NPR

New figures from the government show that the estimated count of babies born in 2018 has dropped to a historic low. "We know we must address the birthrate," a ...

Japan shrinking as birthrate falls to lowest level in history  The Guardian

In 2018 there were 921000 births and 1.37m deaths, with government efforts failing to encourage families to have more children.

The Guardian
Fading ink: Japan's 'hand-carved' tattoo masters fight to keep their art alive  CNN

The centuries-old art of tebori faces an uncertain future in today's Japan.

Why Japan Is a Rare Holdout in Asia’s Cash-Free Future  WIRED

China and South Korea are hurtling toward a cashless future. But in Japan, where physical money is a crucial artifact, the transition is complicated.

J-Pop Star Apologizes After Speaking Out on Alleged Assault  TIME

A member of a popular Japanese girl group apologized to fans on Thursday for speaking out about an assault allegation, telling audience members during one ...

Japan suffers biggest natural population decline ever in 2018  CNN

Japan suffered its biggest natural population decline ever this year, government statistics show.

Inside the Japanese town that pays cash for kids  CNN

The series on Japan's demographic reckoning is funded by the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting. None of the material in this series may be reproduced ...

Why Japan's exit from international whaling treaty may actually benefit whales  Science Magazine

TOKYO—Japan's 26 December 2018 announcement that it will withdraw from the International Whaling Commission (IWC) and resume commercial whaling in ...

Science Magazine
How the last czar shaped Japan's courts  The Japan Times

A botched assassination attempt in 1891 presents Japan's fledgling penal code with an existential dilemma.

The Japan Times
Japan's Nikkei drops 5 percent after Wall Street slide deepens  CNBC

Japan's Nikkei retreated to a 20-month low on Tuesday after a slide on Wall Street deepened with a series of unnerving U.S. political developments. The Nikkei ...

Japan: Seven Cryptocurrency Exchanges Could Receive FSA-Issued Licenses in Six Months  Cointelegraph

News. Disclaimer: this article has been amended to reflect the fact that the deadline for the FSA's review is set at six months. According to new insight into the ...

36 of Japan's most stunning places  CNN

What's to see in Japan? For starters, gorgeous seaside settings, idyllic mountains and soul-inspiring temples. Check out CNN Travel's 36 most stunning places.

Japan’s ‘King of Tuna’ Pays Record $3 Million for Bluefin at New Tokyo Fish Market  The New York Times

The first tuna auction of the year at Tokyo's new fish market set a record price — more than $3 million — for a giant bluefin tuna, a critically endangered species.

The New York Times
Defining Japan's Wine Terroir | News | News & Features  Wine Spectator

The Japanese wine industry is maturing, gaining new recognition and increasing sales. That's led the government to create an appellation system. But that's ...

Wine Spectator
Japan's abdicating emperor calls for young to be taught about horrors of war  The Guardian

Akihito expresses relief for peaceful era in last birthday address before stepping down from the throne.

The Guardian
Japan's Hostage Justice System  The Diplomat

If Japan wants to live up to its reputation as one of the world's most advanced democracies, it needs to modernize its criminal justice system.

The Diplomat
Japan's trade deal with the US is a $50 billion question  CNBC

Japan keeps kicking the can down the road instead of coming to grips with its existential problems of society, economy and peaceful neighborly relations, ...

Japan's tourism industry looks to LGBT market  The Japan Times

Japan's tourism industry is looking for ways to attract LGBT visitors from overseas and take advantage of their tendency to spend more than average tourists.

The Japan Times
Karaoke for one: Japan's surging singles give rise to solo business boom  The Guardian

Eighteen million single households help spawn their own industry, from karaoke booths and ramen bars to bowling alleys.

The Guardian
Japan's departure tax launched  NHK WORLD

Japan has launched a departure tax for Japanese and foreigners leaving Japan, from January 7th.

Japan to begin collecting ¥1000 departure tax from next Monday  The Japan Times

Japan will start collecting from next Monday a departure tax of ¥1000 for each person leaving the country by aircraft or ship regardless of nationality. U.

The Japan Times
Japan executes two more prisoners, taking annual total to highest in a decade  CNN

Two death-row inmates were hanged in Japan on Thursday, taking the number of executions in the country this year to 15 -- the highest annual total since 2008.

Japan Explores Crypto ETFs After Snubbing Futures  Bloomberg

Japan's financial watchdog has abandoned plans to allow listed derivatives based on cryptocurrencies but may yet approve exchange-traded funds that track ...

The $48 Billion Sell-Off That Sent Japan Stocks Into Bear Market  Bloomberg

Japanese stocks tumbled into a bear market, buffeted by the biggest foreign investor exodus in three decades. UBS Wealth Management says the worst may be ...

Car travelling down sidewalk highlights Japan's problem with old age and driving  The Guardian

Laughter on social media gives way to concern that 57000 licensed drivers in country have some form of dementia.

The Guardian
Japan’s latest home robot isn’t useful — it’s designed to be loved  The Verge

The latest home robot is Lovot, a Japanese bot built by Groove X. It's like a Furby with flippers, scooting around on wheels and chirping at users. It's not ...

The Verge
Japan's Emperor Akihito begins countdown to abdication  NBC News

Japanese Emperor Akihito waved to throngs of well-wishers eager to see the final New Year's appearance of his reign Wednesday just months before he ...

NBC News
Japan’s cash addiction will not be easily broken  Financial Times

The state's vision of a cashless society must overcome a visceral mistrust of surveillance.

Financial Times
Japan's grand plans to mine deep-sea vents  BBC News

Rich mineral reserves at extinct deep-sea vents could help solve the metals shortage for renewable energy technologies, but the environmental price may be ...

BBC News
SoftBank mobile unit marks Japan's largest-ever IPO, but sinks more than 14 percent  CNBC

Shares of SoftBank Corp — Japan's biggest-ever IPO and one of the world's largest — fell more than 14 percent on its market debut Wednesday, after opening ...

Japan's Active Defenses  Council on Foreign Relations

The Abe cabinet announced its new ten-year defense plan this week, promising to spend 27 trillion yen ($240 billion) over the next five years on Japan's ...

Council on Foreign Relations
Japan's Hayabusa2 Probe to Snag 1st Asteroid Sample Next Month  Space.com

The Hayabusa2 probe will swoop down to the 3000-foot-wide (900 meters) asteroid Ryugu's surface for the first time during the week of Feb. 18.

Japan's asteroid mission faces 'breathtaking' touchdown  Science Magazine

YONAGO, JAPAN—Japan's Hayabusa mission made history in 2010 for bringing back to Earth the first samples ever collected on an asteroid. But the 7-year, ...

Science Magazine
Ripple at Silicon Valley Japan Platform [SVJP]; plans to disrupt Japan’s payment industry  AMBCrypto News

As per the latest tweet by Ripple, they are at the Silicon Valley Japan Platform [SVJP] trying to bridge the gap between the valley and Japan and also trying to ...

AMBCrypto News
Shinzo Abe, Japan’s Reagan  National Review

Tokyo — “I would like to congratulate you on your historic victory in the midterm election in the United States,” Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe told Donald ...

National Review
Carlos Ghosn, Ex-Nissan Chairman, Is Rearrested in Japan  The New York Times

TOKYO — Carlos Ghosn, the former Nissan Motor chairman, was arrested again by the Japanese authorities on Friday, this time on suspicion that he shifted ...

The New York Times
Number of babies born in Japan in 2018 lowest since records began; population decline the highest  The Japan Times

The estimated amount of babies born in Japan this year has dropped to the lowest number since comparable data became available in 1899, government ...

The Japan Times

Japan Videos

Famous Dex - Japan (Prod. JGramm) [Official Lyric Video]
Famous Dex - Japan (Prod. JGramm) [Official Lyric Video]
Shawn Mendes, Zedd - Lost In Japan (Original + Remix)
Shawn Mendes, Zedd - Lost In Japan (Original + Remix)
The Rules that Rule Japan
The Rules that Rule Japan
Brunch at 7-ELEVEN VS LAWSON in Tokyo Japan
Brunch at 7-ELEVEN VS LAWSON in Tokyo Japan
12 Things NOT to do in Japan
12 Things NOT to do in Japan
Famous Dex - Japan [Official NRG Video]
Famous Dex - Japan [Official NRG Video]
50 Facts About Japan
50 Facts About Japan
20 Things Proving That Japan Lives In 3018
20 Things Proving That Japan Lives In 3018
This is what it’s like to work in Japan// Girl Abroad Ep. 1
This is what it’s like to work in Japan// Girl Abroad Ep. 1
history of japan
history of japan

Japan Images

VO6p — ZoomHub · Share and view high-resolution images ...
VO6p — ZoomHub · Share and view high-resolution images ...
Download Wallpaper landscape Japan (2560 x 1024 Dual ...
Download Wallpaper landscape Japan (2560 x 1024 Dual ...
Vanderbilt MBA Owen Japanese Business Club
Vanderbilt MBA Owen Japanese Business Club
Sea Duck Joint Venture (SDJV)
Sea Duck Joint Venture (SDJV)
Alan Derosier Design
Alan Derosier Design
郵便局、コンビニ、「はこぽす」で受け取るとポイントがもらえます! | 日本郵便株式会社
郵便局、コンビニ、「はこぽす」で受け取るとポイントがもらえます! | 日本郵便株式会社
JALマイレージバンク - JALとっておきの逸品
JALマイレージバンク - JALとっておきの逸品
6senses それは、感性を刺激するミラーレス。 | キヤノン EOS M6
6senses それは、感性を刺激するミラーレス。 | キヤノン EOS M6
個別「[テクスチャ][壁][金属][トタン]」の写真、画像 - 壁 - 日本のテクスチャ素材画像集
個別「[テクスチャ][壁][金属][トタン]」の写真、画像 - 壁 - 日本のテクスチャ素材画像集

Japan WebSites


Japan Wiki

Japan (Japanese: 日本; Nippon [ɲippoɴ] or Nihon [ɲihoɴ]; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.The kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and often are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one. The population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest, of which 98.5% are ethnic Japanese. 90.7% of people live in cities, while 9.3% live in the countryside. About 13.8 million people live in Tokyo, the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people.Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other regions, mainly China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history.From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, which was ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism. The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation by the SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, and the G20, and is considered a great power. Its economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. It is also the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer.Japan benefits from a highly skilled and educated workforce; it has among the world's largest proportion of citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Although it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles; it ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful military in 2015. Japan is a highly developed country with a very high standard of living and Human Development Index. Its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, anime, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern technology.