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Lebanon NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Fri, 11 Jan 2019 08:37:43 GMTGoogle News
Lebanon preparing public debt reform plan, assures on Eurobonds: finance minister  Reuters

Lebanon is studying ways to manage its public debt and its structure as part of plans for public finance reform, the finance minister told Reuters on Thursday, ...

Lebanon on high alert over Israeli breaches | News , Lebanon News  The Daily Star

After Israeli construction of a border wall breached a number of points contested by Lebanon, Lebanese officials said Thursday they would raise the issue with ...

The Daily Star
When a simple plan gets complicated: Lebanon set to legalise cannabis  ABC News

With Lebanon set to legalise its infamous cannabis industry, Middle East Correspondent Adam Harvey went to the Bekaa Valley to find out more.

ABC News
PLCB to close Lebanon store for renovations  PennLive

The store will close after the business day ends Sunday, Jan., 13, 2019, and remain that way until the renovations are completed. ( Pennlive archives ).

Lebanon Teen Arrested For Allegedly Bringing Gun To School, Threatening Students  Lake Expo

LEBANON, Mo. — A 14-year-old Lebanon High School student was taken into custody this week after allegedly bringing a handgun to school and threatening to ...

Lake Expo
Chamber awards Shop Small gift baskets  Lebanon Democrat

Shopping during Small Business Saturday paid off for two women who received gift baskets valued at $900 each. Nearly 50 businesses participated in the push ...

Lebanon Democrat
After Norma, Lebanon braces for new storm | News , Lebanon News  The Daily Star

Lebanese officials Thursday announced a series of emergency measures aimed at preparing the country for a storm expected to hit over the weekend, even as ...

The Daily Star
Lebanon man jailed for throwing woman around by her throat  Lebanon Daily News

Lebanon City: Michael Sanchez-Felicie, 24, of Lebanon was charged with two counts of simple assault/domestic violence related and jailed for a Dec.

Lebanon Daily News
Weekend snow forecast for Lebanon, but how much?  Lebanon Daily News

A winter storm is approaching, but how much snow should Lebanon County residents expect this weekend?

Lebanon Daily News
Appointment of Jan Kubis as new UN special coordinator for Lebanon (08.01.19)  France Diplomatie

France welcomes the appointment by the UN secretary-general of Jan Kubis as UN special coordinator for Lebanon. As head of the Office of the United Nations ...

France Diplomatie
The Angry Voices Over Lebanon's Gridlock  U.S. News & World Report

The inability to form a government is stirring public despair and threatens to push the country's economy into a deeper downward spiral.

U.S. News & World Report
Several Wilson County students make University of Tennessee dean's list  Lebanon Democrat

Several Wilson County students were named to the fall dean's list at the University of Tennessee.

Lebanon Democrat
Lebanon coach slams referee  The Shillong Times

Al-AIN: Lebanon coach Miodrag Radulovic said his team were playing “against 12 or 13” as he slammed the referee in an extended rant after Asian Cup defeat ...

The Shillong Times
Diplomat Ján Kubiš named a Lebanon envoy  The Slovak Spectator

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has appointed Slovak diplomat Ján Kubiš, former foreign affairs minister and ex-head of the UN missions in Iraq and ...

The Slovak Spectator
PGS supporting imminent offshore Lebanon license round  Offshore Oil and Gas Magazine

PGS expects Lebanon to open its second offshore licensing round this month, with the window for pre-qualification remaining open until April.

Offshore Oil and Gas Magazine
Sheriff's Reports for Dec. 14  Lebanon Democrat

Editor's Note: The following are suspects booked into the Wilson County Jail during the specified time frame. All persons charged are innocent until proven guilty ...

Lebanon Democrat
Lebanon's Amal Movement says forbids Libya to participate in Beirut summit - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

BEIRUT, Jan. 10 (Xinhua) -- Political sources said Thursday that Lebanon's Amal Movement is planning to implement nationwide protests to close the airport ...

Suspect in shooting death of 2018 Lebanon High grad pleads not guilty  The Tennessean

An 18-year-old charged in the Dec. 16 shooting death of a 2018 Lebanon High graduate pleaded not guilty and his case was set for trial Thursday in Wilson ...

The Tennessean
Lebanon Theatre Company to host A Musical Monte Carlo Night gala fundraiser  Cincinnati.com

A Musical Monte Carlo Night is the theme of the gala fundraiser for the Lebanon Theatre Company. The Jan. 18-19 event is even more important because the ...

Lebanon high school students building house for community  FOX 59 Indianapolis

LEBANON, Ind. – There's a unique program giving students in Lebanon the opportunity to build a home. The Construction Trades program offers this class to ...

FOX 59 Indianapolis
Goldman Asks What If Lebanon Is Forced to Restructure Debt  Bloomberg

Goldman Sachs Group Inc. still sees an imminent debt restructuring in Lebanon as unlikely but is already turning its attention to how much investors could ...

Qatar v Lebanon: Confidence high for World Cup hosts, says Sanchez  Yahoo Sports

Qatar's road to the 2022 World Cup starts against Lebanon in Group E of the Asian Cup, with coach Felix Sanchez in bullish mood.

Yahoo Sports
Is Lebanon's driver license center slow? PennDOT says no, but others say yes.  Lebanon Daily News

Here's how PennDOT says Lebanon's DMV stacks up with the rest.

Lebanon Daily News
2 million tourists visited Lebanon in 2018: Guidanian | News , Lebanon News  The Daily Star

Some 2 million tourists visited Lebanon in 2018, caretaker Tourism Minister Avedis Guidanian said at a cultural conference Thursday, according to the state-run ...

The Daily Star
UN chief names veteran diplomat to be Lebanon envoy  gulfnews.com

United Nations: UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has appointed Jan Kubis, who has led UN missions in Iraq and Afghanistan, to be the new UN special ...

A Muslim Goes to Church and Another Storm Erupts in Lebanon  Bloomberg

A Lebanese Sunni Muslim lawmaker attended a New Year's mass at a Maronite Catholic church, a common courtesy among the country's 18 religious sects.

'I need a blanket': Lebanon winter storm batters refugee tents  Daily Times

At a makeshift camp in the Lebanese town of Arsal, refugees are burning their clothes trying to ward off the harsh cold as storms flood their tents. “We have no ...

Daily Times
Lebanon says to submit complaint to UN over Israeli territorial violations - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

BEIRUT, Jan. 10 (Xinhua) -- The Lebanese Higher Defense Council announced on Thursday that Lebanon will submit a complaint to the UN Security Council ...

Lebanon: Storm Norma brings rain, snow… and two babies - Lebanon  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Lebanon about Health, Shelter and Non-Food Items, Children, Refugees, Severe Local Storm and more; published on 09 ...

Pompeo: In Lebanon, Hezbollah is a major presence, but we won't accept this as the status quo  The Daily Star

Pompeo: In Lebanon, Hezbollah is a major presence, but we won't accept this as the status quo.

The Daily Star
Why are women altering their vaginas? | News , Lebanon News  The Daily Star

In Lebanon, the vagina is shrouded in taboo, leading many people - especially women - to speculate about their anatomy and what their body should look like.

The Daily Star
Flooding Due to Heavy Rainfall Displaces Thousands of Refugees in Lebanon  The Advertiser

Flooding caused by heavy rainfall in January displaced thousands of refugees living in Beqaa, Lebanon. A storm, dubbed Norma, affected Lebanon between ...

The Advertiser
AFC Asian Cup 2019: Saudi Arabia vs Lebanon, live stream, updates, when and where to watch  FOX Sports Asia

Saudi Arabia will take on Lebanon in their next round of matches at the AFC Asian Cup 2019. Here is what you need to know.

FOX Sports Asia
Four hurt in Highway 20 crash south of Lebanon  Albany Democrat Herald

Four people were injured Tuesday evening in a two-vehicle crash on Highway 20 near its intersection with Sodaville-Waterloo Drive south of Lebanon.

Albany Democrat Herald
Lebanon set to get new national unity government in days: politicians  Reuters

Lebanon is on track to form a new national unity government in the next few days, politicians said on Tuesday, raising hopes for an end to more than seven ...

Lebanon Man Charged With Murder After Woman Found Tied Up With Cut Throat  Lake Expo

LACLEDE COUNTY, Mo. — Kevin R. Kayden, of Lebanon, Mo. is facing felony charges for the murder of 27-year-old Laquita Williams in December. Kayden, 25 ...

Lake Expo
Lebanon Woman Gets 1 to 3 Years in Jake's Market Embezzlement Case  Valley News

North Haverhill — A 52-year-old Lebanon woman who embezzled more than $60000 from Jake's Market and Deli in Lebanon has been sentenced to one to ...

Valley News
LEBANON Maronite bishops again call for a government of technocrats  AsiaNews

Prelates call for action to overcome obstacles, political or otherwise, and find a way to form a new government that can come up with structural reforms and ...

Amendments to Law 293 to be examined | News , Lebanon News  The Daily Star

The joint parliamentary committees Thursday formed a new subcommittee to examine proposed amendments to Lebanon's Law 293, which aims to protect ...

The Daily Star
Storm Norma begins abating, Lebanon recovers | News , Lebanon News  The Daily Star

Work began Wednesday to clear the damage wrought by storm Norma, which battered Lebanon over the past several days, the gales of wind and torrents of rain ...

The Daily Star
Christmas in Lebanon: ‘Jesus Isn’t Only for the Christians’  The New York Times

BEIRUT — The Iranian cultural attaché stepped up to the microphone on a stage flanked by banners bearing the faces of Iran's two foremost religious ...

The New York Times
Israel urges international condemnation after finding fourth Hezbollah tunnel from Lebanon  The Washington Post

Israel and the United States called for an emergency discussion in the U.N. Security Council.

The Washington Post
Tension as Israel rolls out barbed wire on Lebanon border  Fox News

Lebanese soldiers went on alert Monday after Israeli troops rolled out barbed wire along the border, as tensions remained high two weeks after Israel launched ...

Fox News
Woman accused of embezzling from Lebanon farmer sentenced to probation  Norwich Bulletin

NEW LONDON — The former bookkeeper for a Lebanon farmer and trucking company owner accused of embezzling more than $200000 has been given a ...

Norwich Bulletin
Lebanon’s security chief says tunnels into Israel are years-old  The National

Cross-border tunnels which Israel claims have been dug by Hezbollah beneath the shared frontier are “years-old,” Lebanon's General Security chief Abbas ...

The National
In Lebanon, She Answers the Call of Refugee Children in Need  The New York Times

Hundreds of refugee children work on the streets of Lebanon to help their families afford food and shelter. The International Rescue Committee tries to keep ...

The New York Times
Lebanon man charged with sex crimes from 2010  Lebanon Express

A Lebanon man was charged with three counts of first-degree sex abuse and one count of first-degree unlawful sexual penetration on Thursday afternoon in ...

Lebanon Express
Friendship Christian basketball homecoming court  Lebanon Democrat

Friendship Christian School will celebrate basketball homecoming Friday. The ceremony will take place at 5:30 p.m. prior to the games with Davidson Academy.

Lebanon Democrat
Japan, Uzbekistan survive scares, Qatar beat Lebanon  Nhan Dan Online

Four-time Asian Cup winners Japan got their 2019 campaign off to a winning start with a narrow 3-2 victory over plucky Turkmenistan in Group F on January 9.

Nhan Dan Online
2 arrested on meth charges in Lebanon  ABC27

Two women were arrested after they sold methamphetamine to an undercover officer in Lebanon, police said.

Lebanon's Hariri hopes government will be finalised on Friday  Reuters

BEIRUT (Reuters) - Lebanese Prime Minister-designate Saad al-Hariri said he hoped to finalize a new national unity government on Friday after more than ...

Lebanon protests grow over economic crisis and political impasse  Al Jazeera English

Lebanon had elections seven months ago after a hiatus of nine years but a political stalemate has ensued ever since.

Al Jazeera English
Multi-billion dollar company breaks ground in Lebanon  wlfi.com

A 560000 square foot international packaging company broke ground in Lebanon Friday.

Miracles are on the rise in Lebanon  The Economist

STRANGE THINGS happen to Nohad al-Shami. In 1993 her painting of St Charbel began oozing oil. Around the same time the long-dead saint appeared in her ...

The Economist
Lebanon city league results  Lebanon Democrat

Results from the Lebanon Junior/Senior Pro Basketball League games played at the Harold Dean Greer Recreation Center: TUESDAY. PEE WEE (6-7). Red 8 ...

Lebanon Democrat
Lebanon's border tense as Israel excavates 'Hezbollah tunnels'  Al Jazeera English

With Syria's war nearing an end, Israel turns its attention to tunnels allegedly dug by Hezbollah along Lebanese border.

Al Jazeera English
New snags hold up formation of Lebanon unity government  Reuters

BEIRUT (Reuters) - Efforts to finalize a deal on a Lebanese national unity government hit new snags on Saturday, postponing its formation, a senior official ...

Lebanon Entering ‘Financial Crisis’ Prompts Minister's Dire Call  Bloomberg

Lebanon's political turmoil is turning into a crisis that could ultimately threaten the Middle Eastern country's economic foundations, according to its finance ...

Qatar Charity provides relief aid to snowstorm-hit people in Lebanon - Lebanon  ReliefWeb

Qatar Charity (QC) provided emergency relief aid to thousands of Syrian refugees in the Arsal camp, who are affected by the Storm Norma that hit their camp in ...

Lebanon: Winter Storms Bring Death and Misery to Syrian Refugees  Democracy Now!

In Lebanon, a blanket of snow has fallen on makeshift camps for Syrian refugees, compounding the misery of thousands of people whose tents flooded with ...

Democracy Now!
Why thousands of Palestinian refugees are moving out of Lebanon  Aljazeera.com

Over the years, their number has dropped to 175000 from 450000 as they seek new routes to leave desperate conditions.

Lebanon's PM Says Relations With Riyadh 'Couldn't Be Better,' A Year After Being Held Captive There  Forbes

Just over a year after he was held captive by the Saudi government in bizarre circumstances, Lebanon's prime minister Saad Hariri has said relations with Saudi ...

Police: Lebanon man threatens to shoot police with AK-47, confesses to killing shadow  FOX 59 Indianapolis

LEBANON, Ind. – A Lebanon man confessed to police that he killed a shadow, and he threatened to shoot officers with an AK-47 when he gets out of jail, ...

FOX 59 Indianapolis
Update: Police say Lebanon man, 2-year-old son returned home  ABC27

Police say Sean Nagle returned to his home around 6:30 p.m. Monday with his son and both are well.

Lebanon: Palestinian boy, 3, dies after 'hospitals refuse care'  Aljazeera.com

Beirut, Lebanon - A three-year-old Palestinian boy died after hospitals across Lebanon allegedly refused to provide him with a bed in an intensive care unit.

5 children, driver hurt in Lebanon, Wisconsin school bus crash  WKOW

TOWN OF LEBANON, Wis. (AP) — Authorities say five children and their school bus driver were injured when the bus crashed in east-central Wisconsin.

'Yellow vests' protest in Beirut, Lebanon  Washington Times

BEIRUT — Hundreds of Lebanese protested against deteriorating economic conditions Sunday, with some briefly scuffling with army troops, as public anger ...

Washington Times
Lebanon's public drivers hold nationwide protests against privatization of auto inspection sector - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

BEIRUT, Jan. 10 (Xinhua) -- Lebanon's public drivers on Thursday held nationwide protests against privatization of the auto inspection sector, while calling for ...

In 'Capernaum,' The Chaos Of Lebanon From A Homeless Child's Perspective  NPR

In Beirut, a young boy sues his parents for giving birth to him in poverty. That's the premise of a new film from director Nadine Labaki which features her most ...

Tractor-trailer jackknifes on I-89 in Lebanon  WMUR Manchester

A tractor-trailer jackknifed Tuesday morning as light snow fell on Interstate 89 in Lebanon.

WMUR Manchester
Israeli army begins destroying Hezbollah tunnels on Lebanon border  Haaretz

IDF says it blew up one cross-border tunnel and 'will continue its mission according to plan'

A Milestone Night for Lebanon's Wright, Who Scores 1000th Point  Valley News

Lebanon — Rebecca Wright wasted little time giving the hundreds in attendance at Lebanon High's Lang Metcalf Gymnasium exactly what they wanted on ...

Valley News
Movie review: There's no bright side to plodding 'Upside'  Lebanon Express

Kevin Hart's transition from brattily charming comic persona to serious dramatic cinematic presence isn't going quite as planned. His extracurricular ...

Lebanon Express
Why Lebanon struggles to form governments  The Economist

LEBANON'S POLITICS operates slowly. It took two and a half years for the country to elect its current president, nine years to hold parliamentary elections and ...

The Economist
Keith Brown, 2021 Lebanon RB/LB, earns national all-combine honors  OregonLive

247Sports named Keith Brown to the all-combine team for the 2019 All-American Bowl Underclassmen Combine,

Police arrest 2 Indianapolis men in armed robbery, crash in Lebanon  CBS 4 Indianapolis

LEBANON, Ind. – Police arrested two people in connection with an armed robbery in Lebanon this week. According to the Lebanon Police Department, officers ...

CBS 4 Indianapolis
Rolls Royce seals deal at UK-Lebanon Business & Investment event  GOV.UK

The British company will provide support for Airbus aircraft engines. The value of the engines and services to Rolls-Royce is approximately $300 million.

Syrian Refugees in Lebanon Fall Deeper Into Debt  VOA News

Syrian refugees in Lebanon are falling deeper into debt, with 2018 being the worst year yet, as more families marry off children to cope financially, according to a ...

VOA News
Lebanon murder suspect arrested in Clarksville | News  WSMV Nashville

A murder suspect wanted in Lebanon was captured at a Clarksville motel early Sunday morning.

WSMV Nashville
Denk and variations: Prize-winning pianist performs Sunday at OSU  Lebanon Express

If Sunday's concert by pianist Jeremy Denk seems to lean heavily on works that are variations, Denk offers no apologies: He loves the musical form, in which a ...

Lebanon Express
N. Cornwall, N. Lebanon police pursue agreement including full arrest authority  Lebanon Daily News

The North Cornwall Township supervisors are working on an ordinance that would give full arrest authority to North Lebanon Township police, and vice versa for ...

Lebanon Daily News
Playing Defense in Lebanon  Mosaic

One day in the mid-1950s, at a time of rising guerrilla incursions from Gaza, the Israeli chief of staff, Moshe Dayan, arrived to inspect a base on the border.

Lebanon man charged in girlfriend's death, accused of binding woman and cutting her throat  krcgtv.com

A Lebanon man is charged in connection with his girlfriend's death. The Laclede County prosecutor charged Kevin Kayden with first-degree murder and armed ...

AFC Asian Cup 2019: Qatar vs Lebanon, live stream, updates, when and where to watch  FOX Sports Asia

It's finally here! The 2019 AFC Asian Cup has arrived. 24 of the best teams in Asia will compete in the biggest-ever iteration of the competition to claim the ...

FOX Sports Asia
Lebanon’s president concerned Hezbollah’s tunnels hogs media attention  The Jerusalem Post - Israel News

He indicated that the US had conveyed a message to Lebanon that Israel had no “aggressive intensions,” according to reports.

The Jerusalem Post - Israel News
Former Chico State professor, Lebanon hostage Alann Steen dies at 79  Chico Enterprise-Record

Alann Steen, a former Humboldt State University professor, died earlier this month. He was 79. (Becky Monday — Contributed). By Philip Santos ...

Chico Enterprise-Record
Alistair Burt's speech at the UK-Lebanon Business and Investment Forum  GOV.UK

The Minister for the Middle East was speaking at the Institution of Engineering and Technology in London on 12 December 2018.

Kleen Laundry Closing West Lebanon Store  Valley News

West Lebanon— Kleen Laundry is closing its West Lebanon location, effective today, the company confirmed on Thursday.The long-rumored closing of the store ...

Valley News
Police: Lebanon man pointed gun while driving in Christmas Day road rage incident  Lebanon Daily News

The incident occured on Route 422 in Jackson Township on Christmas night.

Lebanon Daily News
Lebanon's Berri says some parties do not want government formed: newspaper  Reuters

BEIRUT (Reuters) - Lebanon's parliament speaker said there are parties that do not want a new government, a newspaper reported on Monday, highlighting the ...

Lebanon hosting popular financial class | Community | wilsonpost.com  Wilson Post

Ramsey Solutions' Financial Peace University, created by financial expert Dave Ramsey, will have classes in Lebanon starting this month.

Wilson Post
Lebanon and Russia condemn Israeli airstrikes against Syria  CNN

Lebanon's Foreign Ministry Wednesday condemned Israeli airstrikes against Syria carried out one day earlier, and said it filed a complaint to the United Nations ...


Lebanon Videos

Visit Lebanon® 2017
Visit Lebanon® 2017
Lebanon Under Fire
Lebanon Under Fire
Is Lebanon on the brink of turmoil? - Inside Story
Is Lebanon on the brink of turmoil? - Inside Story
เชือกวิเศษ - LABANOON「Official MV」
เชือกวิเศษ - LABANOON「Official MV」
Travel To Lebanon | Full History And Documentary About Lebanon In Urdu & Hindi | لبنان کی سیر
Travel To Lebanon | Full History And Documentary About Lebanon In Urdu & Hindi | لبنان کی سیر
Saudis playing ‘very dangerous’ game with Lebanon, Iran ‒ professor
Saudis playing ‘very dangerous’ game with Lebanon, Iran ‒ professor
Film Pasukan Garuda  I Leave My Heart In Lebanon 2016 Full Movie
Film Pasukan Garuda I Leave My Heart In Lebanon 2016 Full Movie
My First Trip To Beirut Lebanon!!
My First Trip To Beirut Lebanon!!
Saudi Arabia clearly declares war on Lebanon - Hezbollah leader
Saudi Arabia clearly declares war on Lebanon - Hezbollah leader

Lebanon Images

Batroun-North Lebanon | Kh led Merheb | Flickr
Batroun-North Lebanon | Kh led Merheb | Flickr
Hasroun, Lebanon. | The red roofs of the village of ...
Hasroun, Lebanon. | The red roofs of the village of ...
Mediterranean Oak tree
Mediterranean Oak tree
Cartoon Movement - SNOW IN LEBANON
Cartoon Movement - SNOW IN LEBANON
Outdoor kitchen Lebanon Tn - Gardens on Main
Outdoor kitchen Lebanon Tn - Gardens on Main
Adonis Temple Faqra - Lebanon Pictures - #Lebanon #Pictures
Adonis Temple Faqra - Lebanon Pictures - #Lebanon #Pictures
lebanese Old houses - Houses - 1523 (2)
lebanese Old houses - Houses - 1523 (2)
Wedding dresses I Bridal gowns I Beirut - Lebanon
Wedding dresses I Bridal gowns I Beirut - Lebanon
Tapline's Sidon Terminal - A.A. Brickhouse - Al Mashriq
Tapline's Sidon Terminal - A.A. Brickhouse - Al Mashriq

Lebanon WebSites

No websites found.

Lebanon Wiki

Lebanon ( (listen); Arabic: لبنان‎ Lubnān; Lebanese pronunciation: [lɪbˈnɛːn]; French: Liban), officially known as the Lebanese Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية اللبنانية‎ al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah; Lebanese pronunciation: [elˈʒʊmhuːɾɪjje lˈlɪbnɛːnɪjje]; French: République libanaise), is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. At just 10,452 km2 (4,036 sq. mi.), it is the smallest recognized sovereign state on the mainland Asian continent.The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than seven thousand years, predating recorded history. Lebanon was the home of the Canaanites/Phoenicians and their kingdoms, a maritime culture that flourished for over a thousand years (c. 1550–539 BC). In 64 BC, the region came under the rule of the Roman Empire, and eventually became one of the Empire's leading centers of Christianity. In the Mount Lebanon range a monastic tradition known as the Maronite Church was established. As the Arab Muslims conquered the region, the Maronites held onto their religion and identity. However, a new religious group, the Druze, established themselves in Mount Lebanon as well, generating a religious divide that has lasted for centuries. During the Crusades, the Maronites re-established contact with the Roman Catholic Church and asserted their communion with Rome. The ties they established with the Latins have influenced the region into the modern era.The region eventually was ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1516 to 1918. Following the collapse of the empire after World War I, the five provinces that constitute modern Lebanon came under the French Mandate of Lebanon. The French expanded the borders of the Mount Lebanon Governorate, which was mostly populated by Maronites and Druze, to include more Muslims. Lebanon gained independence in 1943, establishing confessionalism, a unique, Consociationalism-type of political system with a power-sharing mechanism based on religious communities. Bechara El Khoury, President of Lebanon during the independence, Riad El-Solh, first Lebanese prime minister and Emir Majid Arslan II, first Lebanese minister of defence, are considered the founders of the modern Republic of Lebanon and are national heroes for having led the country's independence. Foreign troops withdrew completely from Lebanon on 31 December 1946. Lebanon has been a member of the United Nations since its founding in 1945 as well as of the Arab League (1945), the Non-Aligned Movement (1961), Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation (1969) and the Organisation internationale de la francophonie (1973).Despite its small size, the country has developed a well-known culture and has been highly influential in the Arab world, powered by its large diaspora. Before the Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990), the country experienced a period of relative calm and renowned prosperity, driven by tourism, agriculture, commerce, and banking. Because of its financial power and diversity in its heyday, Lebanon was referred to as the "Switzerland of the East" during the 1960s, and its capital, Beirut, attracted so many tourists that it was known as "the Paris of the Middle East". At the end of the war, there were extensive efforts to revive the economy and rebuild national infrastructure. In spite of these troubles, Lebanon has the 7th highest Human Development Index and GDP per capita in the Arab world after the oil-rich economies of the Persian Gulf.