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Libya NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Tue, 18 Dec 2018 01:07:55 GMTGoogle News
E-cards innovate cash transfer programme in Libya - Libya  ReliefWeb

ACTED Libya is innovating its unconditional multipurpose cash assistance programme with the introduction of prepaid debit cards which can be used to ...

EU expands duties of EUBAM to secure Libya's borders  Libyan Express

The European Council adopted a decision mandating the EU integrated border management assistance mission in Libya (EUBAM Libya) to actively support the.

Libyan Express
Lost in Trans-Nation: Tubu and Other Armed Groups and Smugglers along Libya's Southern Border - Libya  ReliefWeb

English Analysis on Libya about Protection and Human Rights; published on 17 Dec 2018 by Small Arms Survey.

US crude rises 1.3%, settling at $51.65, as Libya supply outage supports price  CNBC

Oil prices rose on Tuesday, clawing back some of the previous day's hefty losses as a modest show of strength in global stocks, a slightly weaker dollar and an ...

REPORTERS - Libya: Tripoli on the brink of stability  FRANCE 24

Our reporters have just returned from 10 days filming in the Libyan capital of Tripoli, a city in turmoil ever since the 2011 revolution. The last all-out battle ...

US diplomatic mission could soon return to Libya, military official says  Libyan Express

Six years after a deadly attack on the US consulate in Libya's Benghazi, conditions on the ground may prompt the return of a US diplomatic mission to Libya, ...

Libyan Express
Refugees and migrants forced to disembark in Libya are still at risk  Doctors Without Borders

PARIS/NEW YORK, DECEMBER 10, 2018—More than 90 people rescued in the central Mediterranean Sea last month by the merchant ship Nivin are still being ...

Doctors Without Borders
Militia leader's bravado shows limits of Libya reforms  Reuters

TRIPOLI (Reuters) - For the United Nations, it was a chance to clip the wings of powerful armed groups who had held the levers of power in the Libyan capital for ...

Libyan Warlord Embraced by Foreign Leaders as a Key to Peace  The Wall Street Journal

Despite allegations of human-rights abuses, Libyan Commander Khalifa Haftar gains influence as he vanquishes Islamist militias and expands control over the ...

The Wall Street Journal
Armed group blocks key oil field in Libya  News24

An armed group has seized one of Libya's largest oilfields in the country's southwest, the state-owned National Oil Corporation has said.

With a lack of progress in Libya’s transition, what would a national conference in 2019 mean?  The Washington Post

U.N. Special Representative for Libya Ghassan Salame indicated in a statement to the Security Council that a national conference should be convened at the ...

The Washington Post
Gaddafi’s son deported to Libya by ED Gvt, Returns to Zim after drama at Ethiopia airport  ZwNews.com

An adopted son of the late Libyan leader Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, Abhallha Mone Moussa Moummare, is resisting attempts by Zimbabwean authorities to ...

US considers reopening diplomatic mission in Libya  The Libya Observer

The Special US Marine Task Force Commander Adam Chalkley said that the situation on the ground in Libya is improving, hinting the possibility of US ...

The Libya Observer
First group of refugees evacuated from new departure facility in Libya  UNHCR

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, in coordination with Libyan authorities, evacuated 133 refugees from Libya to Niger today after hosting them at a Gathering.

UNHCR flight evacuates 132 refugees from Libya detention  UNHCR

Latest evacuation of vulnerable refugees from Libyan detention centres to Niger for onward solutions brings total helped in past year to almost 2500.

UN says Islamic State kills 6 captives in Libya  News24

The UN mission to Libya says Islamic State militants have killed six people captured during an attack on a small town in October.

Littlehampton weapons engineer awarded medal for services in Libya  Littlehampton Gazette

A Royal Navy weapons engineer from Littlehampton has been awarded the North Africa Medal for services on HMS Cumberland during operations in Libya.

Littlehampton Gazette
Nearly 80 rescued migrants forced off cargo ship in Libya  CNN

Dozens of rescued migrants have been forced off a cargo ship after it docked at a Libya port following an eleven-day standoff.

Rescued migrants refuse to leave ship taking them to Libya  BBC News

Dozens of migrants rescued by a cargo ship in the Mediterranean refuse to disembark in Libya.

BBC News
MMRA: Water Security in Libya at risk  The Libya Observer

The Man-made River Authority (MMRA) warned of an imminent water crisis if attacks on Hasawna water system are not stopped. "Such attacks put the country on ...

The Libya Observer
Is Libya Finally Ready for Peace?  Foreign Affairs

Recent developments in Libya offer, for the first time in years, reason for guarded optimism about the country's future.

Foreign Affairs
Oil prices fall on Iran comments despite Libya, OPEC supply cuts  CNBC

Oil gave up the day's gains at the end of the session on Wednesday, after earlier drawing support from a drop in U.S. crude inventories, a cut in Libyan exports ...

Clashes in western Libya leave 8 killed  Libyan Express

Clashes between armed groups killed eight people near the western Libyan city of Msallata, some 120 km east Tripoli, a local security source said. "The.

Libyan Express
Oil workers' discontent threatens Libyan output surge  EWN

Staff at state oil firm NOC said small protests had erupted at nine oil and gas fields and some ports in recent months.

Libya's electricity company hints at ending services in Misrata  The Libya Observer

Workers at the General Electricity Company of Libya (GECOL) held Monday a sit-in in Misrata condemning the kidnap of the head of distribution administration in ...

The Libya Observer
Michael Guidry of Texas building port in Libya  Washington Times

Civil war, weak to nonexistent government authority, an Islamic State insurgency and waves of African refugees bound for Europe is not deterring Michael Guidry ...

Washington Times
Libya's oil production could soar higher despite OPEC weighing cuts  CNBC

Libya's output has skyrocketed to its highest level in more than five years, reaching 1.28 million barrels per day by November, more than double its June ...

The Palermo conference on Libya: A diplomatic test for Italy’s new government  Brookings Institution

Amid Libya's ongoing chaos, the Italian government organized an international conference in Palermo on November 12 and 13 to advance the United ...

Brookings Institution
9 Dead in Suspected IS Attack in Libya  VOA News

At least nine security *service* members were killed in a suspected Islamic State group attack in the southeastern Libyan town of Tazerbo on Friday, a senior ...

VOA News
Migrants fleeing Libya refuse to leave ship and be sent back to camps  The Guardian

A total of 81 people on the cargo ship, some from Sudan, say they are staying put.

The Guardian
Libya: child refugees abused in UK-funded detention centres  The Guardian

Child refugees are facing abuse and malnutrition in a network of 26 Libyan detention centres the British government is helping to fund, the Guardian has learned ...

The Guardian
Libya to vote on new constitution before February  Washington Post

BANGHAZI, Libya — The chairman of Libya's elections commission said Thursday that the beleaguered North African nation will hold a referendum on a new ...

Washington Post
Libya's Grand Mufti demands lawsuit over promotion of gender equality  IOL

Libya's Grand Mufti has called for a lawsuit against the British embassy in Tripoli in the wake of the embassy's promotion of gender equality.

Migrants Rescued by Cargo Ship Refuse to Get Off in Libya  The Wall Street Journal

CAIRO—Dozens of migrants are engaged in a standoff with Libyan officials, refusing for more than a week to disembark from a cargo ship that rescued them at ...

The Wall Street Journal
Libya's NOC Won't Pay 'Ransom' For Biggest Oil Field | OilPrice.com  OilPrice.com

Libya's National Oil Corporation said it would not pay a “ransom” to have the armed militiamen that shut down the field last week lift their blockade.

Greece seizes big drugs haul from Syrian freighter sailing for Libya  Reuters

ATHENS (Reuters) - Greece has seized drugs worth more than 100 million euros ($113 million) after intercepting a Syrian ship sailing for Libya, the coast guard ...

Libya to launch vaccine campaign after shortages  News24

Libya is set to launch a campaign overseen by the World Health Organisation to vaccinate more than 2.7 million children after months of shortages, the health ...

At least 14 dead on refugee boat off Libya: Official  Al Jazeera English

Police say wooden boat was found off Misrata with two bodies on board, adding that 12 others were thrown into the sea.

Al Jazeera English
Libya: UN Mission condemns deadly attack against police in country's south-east  UN News

The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) has condemned a terrorist attack on a police station in Tezirbu, an oasis town in south-east of the ...

UN News
Sirte celebrates second anniversary of liberation from ISIS  The Libya Observer

Al-Bunyan Al-Marsous Operation military leaders and fighters, officials from Sirte municipality held a ceremony on Monday at Ouagadougou Hall in the city amid ...

The Libya Observer
Libya – Terrorist attack (23.11.18) - France-Diplomatie - Ministère de l'Europe et des Affaires étrangères  France Diplomatie

France condemns in the strongest possible terms the terrorist attack on a police station in the town of Tazirbu, in southeastern Libya. This attack, for which Daesh ...

France Diplomatie
Migrant flows slow to trickle in Libyan former smuggling hub  Reuters

Departures of migrant-laden boats to Italy from Sabratha, formerly Libya's biggest people-smuggling hub, have slowed to a trickle thanks to a security crackdown ...

Migrants forced off ship after refusing to return to Libya  Washington Post

An international rights group says Libyan authorities have forcibly removed dozens of migrants who had barricaded themselves in a container ship in the port ...

Washington Post
As an LGBT refugee, Europe’s deal with Libya has left me fearing for my life  New Statesman

I escaped Somalia because I am gay, but now I'm trapped in Libya. At home they will shoot me, because in Somalia it is not allowed to be LGBT. In Libya, they ...

New Statesman
New currents in Libya’s stagnant waters  European Council on Foreign Relations

The most important development in Libya's recent history may have just taken place. And it was not a high-level summit, but a new expression of popular opinion ...

European Council on Foreign Relations
Airport flooded in Libya's Benghazi after heavy rain  EWN

Water flooded the passenger terminal, rising up to 1.5 metres the airport's deputy manager, Usama Ferjani, said. Parts of the parking lot were also under water.

Libya Oil Boss Sees Country Exempted From Future OPEC+ Cuts  Bloomberg

Libya's top oil chief expects OPEC and allied producers to exempt the strife-torn North African country from any future cuts in crude output.

Benzeer: Libya's Attorney General should probe release of frozen assets in Belgium  Libyan Express

The Libyan professor of International Law and Human Rights, Dr. Ramadan Benzeer, has recently commented on the issue of the release of Libyan frozen.

Libyan Express
Egyptians kidnapped by Libyan gunmen over business dispute - residents  Channel NewsAsia

Armed men in an eastern Libyan city have kidnapped 16 Egyptian workers over a financial dispute between Libyan contractors and their Egyptian ...

Channel NewsAsia
More than 15 000 migrants repatriated from Libya: IOM  News24

More than 15 000 migrants have returned home from Libya through a voluntary programme since the beginning of 2018, the International Organisation for ...

Libya death toll rises to 8 in IS attack on police station  The Associated Press

BENGHAZI, Libya (AP) — The official death toll has risen in an attack on a police station in the southeastern Libyan oasis town of Tazirbu, which authorities are ...

The Associated Press
Boatload of bulls destined for Libya in 2 weeks  Agriland

A boatload of cattle will leave Ireland bound for Libya in approximately two weeks. The consignment of bulls will leave Co. Cork.

Reports: Gunmen kill at least 5 in southeast Libya  WMC

A Libyan doctor and an eyewitness say armed men in pickup trucks have killed at least five people in an attack in the southeastern town of Tazirbu.

Possible war approaches Sirte and central Libya  Libyan Express

On Friday night, local media outlets and local sources from central Libya reported advances of military formations of brigades related to Khalifa Haftar's.

Libyan Express
Activists call for criminal probe into migrant deaths off Libya  TimesLIVE

A rights group called Wednesday for an international criminal investigation after 15 migrants died following 11 days drifting off the coast of Libya without help.

Egypt says 27 militants killed in Sinai, border with Libya  Minneapolis Star Tribune

Egypt says its security forces have killed at least 27 suspected militants in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula and along its porous border with Libya.

Minneapolis Star Tribune
US Embassy Libya relaunches the 2019 US- Libya Space Camp Scholarship  africanews

Application deadline: February 15, 2019 Apply here: www.spacecamplibya.ly The U.S. Embassy to Libya is now accepting applications for the 2019 U.S.-Libya ...

No work ban for OFWs in Libya raring to come home for Christmas: Locsin  ABS-CBN News

Overseas Filipino workers in Libya will not be barred from returning to the war-torn country after spending the holidays in the Philippines, Foreign Affairs ...

Live exports boost as Ireland and Libya agree wide-reaching veterinary certs  Independent.ie

Ireland and Libya has agreed veterinary health certificates for the export of cattle to Libya, removing the need for individual boat-by-boat certification.

Obstacles in Bafana's way as they prepare for Libya  Sport24

Cape Town - While proclaiming "everything possible will be done” in the build-up to Bafana Bafana's Africa Cup of Nations qualifier against Libya, coach Stuart ...

Libya Closes All Oil Ports, Expects To Shut-In 150000 Bpd  OilPrice.com

Libya has closed all its oil loading terminals due to bad weather, and soon-to-be-full storage tanks will lead to a shut-in of 150,000 bpd, or half of the oil ...

Libya, Iran, Venezuela Secure OPEC Production Cut Exemptions  OilPrice.com

Iran, Libya and Venezuela managed to secure exemption from the newest OPEC agreement forged today with the cartel and its partners.

The Islamic State in Libya: Operational Revival, Geographic Dispersal, and Changing Paradigms  The Jamestown Foundation

Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General and Head of Mission of the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), Ghassan Salamé, addressed the UN ...

The Jamestown Foundation
Spain ignores pleas to not send rescued migrants back to Libya  EL PAÍS in English

The 12 Africans who were plucked from the sea by Spanish fishing boat 'Nuestra Madre Loreto' are terrified of being returned to the North African country.

EL PAÍS in English
On the Prophet’s birthday, an endangered Libyan tradition returns to Tripoli  FRANCE 24 English

Hundreds of Libyans packed the narrow streets of Tripoli's old city Tuesday for a celebration of Mawlid, the Prophet Mohammed's birthday, braving security ...

FRANCE 24 English
Libyan wealth fund to hire auditors in push to unfreeze assets  Independent Online

INTERNATIONAL – Libya's sovereign wealth fund will appoint auditors within weeks and conclude a wide-ranging examination of its assets by 2019 as part of its ...

Independent Online
The Mufti demands lawsuit against UK embassy in Libya for anti-Islam activities  The Libya Observer

The Libyan Grand Mufti, Al-Saddiq Al-Gharyani, has called for filing a lawsuit against the British embassy in Libya for sponsoring activities that violate Libya's ...

The Libya Observer
Baxter has Libya on his mind as Bafana's final Afcon hurdle looms large  TimesLIVE

Bafana Bafana's date with destiny might still be four months away but coach Stuart Baxter is already thinking about how to negotiate a successful path past ...

Forced disembarkation of 81 refugees and migrants in Misrata | Libya  Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International

On 20 November, Libyan security forces conducted an operation to forcibly disembark 81 refugees and migrants from a cargo ship in Misrata. Since then, we ...

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International
Libyan Oil Production Falls 300,000 Bpd In December | OilPrice.com  OilPrice.com

Libya's crude oil production has fallen by about 300000 bpd since the start of this month on the back of oil export terminal shutdowns amid harsh weather and ...

£12bn in Libyan funds cannot be used to compensate IRA Semtex victims  The Irish Times

Ian Paisley says victims of attacks using Libyan-supplied explosive will die without receiving damages.

The Irish Times
Saudi-influenced Salafis playing both sides of Libya's civil war  Middle East Eye

Gaddafi invited the Madkhalis in the 1990s to protect his stronghold. Now the movement is entrenched on rival sides of the war.

Middle East Eye
US Conducts Precision Airstrike in Libya  VOA News

A U.S. airstrike in Libya has killed 11 al-Qaida terrorists, the military said Friday. U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) said the strike Thursday near al-Uwaynat also ...

VOA News
Europe’s divisive politics play out in the drive for peace in Libya  The National

The competing desires of France and Italy to unify this embattled nation are fuelled by deep rivalries and two very different visions of what Europe should be.

The National
The ecologists rescuing the natural wonders of Libya's Farwa island  Middle East Eye

ZUWARA, Libya - It is a quiet Friday morning on Libya's western coast and a group of environmental volunteers is taking a boat to Farwa, an uninhabited island ...

Middle East Eye
Libya's Tuareg find a new home in coastal Amazigh enclave  Middle East Eye

ZUWARA, Libya - It's not easy to sweep the streets of a city in constant struggle with the beach. When it rains, it's mission impossible - how does a street cleaner ...

Middle East Eye
Sonatrach Pulls Out Of Libya | OilPrice.com  OilPrice.com

Algeria's state oil and gas company has pulled out of Libya citing deteriorating security conditions, Libyan media report, adding the company had first evacuated ...

PC approves increase in salaries for pensioners  The Libya Observer

The Presidential Council (PC) issued a decision on Saturday to raise the salaries of pensioners and to include the necessary value for implementing this ...

The Libya Observer
Libya's Foreign Minister says has no information for Haftar-Al-Sirraj meeting  The Libya Observer

The Foreign Minister of the Presidential Council's government Mohammed Sayala said he has no information for any upcoming meeting between Fayez Al-Sirraj ...

The Libya Observer
UNSMIL condemns violence in south Libya while recognizing legitimate grievances |  Libya Herald

By Sami Zaptia. UNSMIL logo. London, 12 December 2018: The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) expressed its strong condemnation of ...

Libya Herald
NOC intensifies efforts to aid south in fuel crisis  The Libya Observer

The National Oil Corporation (NOC) and Brega Oil Marketing Company announced on Sunday the launch of a campaign to deliver fuel to the south and prevent ...

The Libya Observer
Turkey Stabilizing Libya? Think Again.  Gatestone Institute

"The chaotic situation enables the emergence of enclaves of terror, inspired by the ideology of ISIS and al-Qaeda. The world should make sure that Libya does ...

Gatestone Institute
Widow Condemns Contractors As Sliema Construction Worker's Body Sent To Libya For Burial  Lovin Malta

The widow of a Libyan construction worker who died after falling seven storeys on a worksite in Sliema last Monday has laid the blame on the contractors who ...

Lovin Malta
Salah Badi: Libya's self-anointed 'George Washington' on the US sanctions list  Middle East Eye

TRIPOLI - A high-profile Libyan militia leader who was sanctioned earlier this month by the US Treasury has compared himself to George Washington and ...

Middle East Eye
Baxter wants Bafana's never-say-die attitude against Libya  Independent Online

DURBAN – Bafana Bafana coach Stuart Baxter was left impressed, but his team's never-say-die attitude against Paraguay and Nigeria is the same fighting spirit ...

Independent Online
'Partners in crime': UK spies worked with Gaddafi against Libyan exiles, court hears  Middle East Eye

Lawyers say British officials indicated willingness to 'engage in covert operations outside the rule of law' and 'turn a blind eye to torture'

Middle East Eye
Libya: Refugee Women, Kids Saved From Libyan Jails  AllAfrica.com

Tripoli — SOME 133 refugees detained in Libya have been evacuated to Niger. Among the migrants are 81 women and children who had been held in five jails ...

10 migrants missing, 10 rescued as boat capsizes off Libyan shores  The Libya Observer

The Libyan coastguards have rescued 10 illegal migrants, recovered two bodies and are still looking for 10 others, who have been missing from the boat that ...

The Libya Observer
Leaked document shows Gafa entered Libya on government invitation to visit the (closed) Maltese Embassy in Tripoli  The Shift News

Neville Gafa entered Libya with a visa issued on the invitation of the Foreign Affairs Ministry, according to leaked documents that counter Gafa's assertion that he ...

The Shift News
ISIS's Al Naba newsletter propagates its achievement in Nigeria and Libya  New Delhi Times

By NDT Special Bureau Despite the best efforts of the international community to combat the terror threat from the IS, the extremist group continues to indulge in ...

New Delhi Times
Spare a Thought for Libya’s $67 Billion Wealth Fund  Bloomberg

It's probably too soon for the UN to lift the sanctions on the LIA, but it could make a start by letting it invest the proceeds of maturing securities.

Libyan embassy under fire for instructing SA staff to undergo HIV/Aids tests  EWN

The Union for the Local Employees in Missions Accredited to South Africa (Ulemasa) has written to the Libyan Chargé d'Affaires, asking the mission to withdraw ...

Belgian Finance Ministry Searched by Probe Into Withdrawal from Gaddafi Accounts  Sputnik International

Investigators have conducted a search of Belgium's Ministry of Finance in connection to their probe of missing money that had belonged to Muammar Gaddafi, ...

Sputnik International
Benzeer urges UK to grant visa to Libyan novelist Ahmed Fagih  Libyan Express

The Secretary General -designate of the Arab-European Center of Human Rights and International Law, Dr. Ramadan Benzeer, has urged the British authorities.

Libyan Express
Locsin tweets DFA assistant secretary for updates on OFWs in Libya  Philippine Star

It could be a new way of promoting transparency at the Department of Foreign Affairs — or maybe he just really likes to tweet.

Philippine Star
Baxter desperate to play a friendly before Bafana faces Libya in decisive Afcon qualifier  TimesLIVE

Bafana Bafana coach Stuart Baxter says it is vital that his team gets some preparations in before they take on Libya in their vital 2019 Africa Cup of Nations ...

‘Libya equals torture!’ Charities SLATE EU for considering sending migrants back to Libya  Express.co.uk

THREE non-governmental organisations have slammed ongoing negotiations by the European Union to send back to Libya 12 African migrants rescued by a ...

Weekly Energy Recap: U.S. Refiners Count Cost Of Lower Crude Prices  Seeking Alpha

The lack of full government control over oil supply in Libya justifies the exemption from output cuts agreed for during OPEC's 175th meeting. Low US gasoline re.

Seeking Alpha
Consider a non-Labour President, Delia urges Muscat  MaltaToday

Opposition leader Adrian Delia said Prime Minister Joseph Muscat had the chance to send out a strong message when appointing Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca's ...

Inside The Country Where You Can Buy A Black Man For $400  BuzzFeed News

Slavery is thriving in Libya, where thousands of black Africans hoping to get to Europe instead find themselves bought and sold, forced to work for nothing, and ...

BuzzFeed News

Libya Videos

Nigeria vs Libya 4-0 Highlights Africa Cup of Nations 2018
Nigeria vs Libya 4-0 Highlights Africa Cup of Nations 2018
Life After Qaddafi — Libya: A Broken State
Life After Qaddafi — Libya: A Broken State
Geography Now! LIBYA
Geography Now! LIBYA
Dramatic video shows Libya rebels fighting 'Gaddafi loyalists'
Dramatic video shows Libya rebels fighting 'Gaddafi loyalists'
लीबिया एक अजीब देश // Libya a amazing country
लीबिया एक अजीब देश // Libya a amazing country
Libya's overflowing migrant prisons
Libya's overflowing migrant prisons
Front Lines of the Libyan Revolution (Documentary)
Front Lines of the Libyan Revolution (Documentary)
Libyan Army In Heavy Clashes With ISIS During Battle For Derna
Libyan Army In Heavy Clashes With ISIS During Battle For Derna
Libya's Leader Speaks Out
Libya's Leader Speaks Out

Libya Images

Autobus Sicilia Napoli - Roma, tutti gli orari ...
Autobus Sicilia Napoli - Roma, tutti gli orari ...
Greater Middle East & Levant | USIP
Greater Middle East & Levant | USIP
Parque Nacional Los Glaciares National Park, Argentine ...
Parque Nacional Los Glaciares National Park, Argentine ...
Rainbow Mountain Peru Elevation Vinicunca Yauricunca 6D/5N ...
Rainbow Mountain Peru Elevation Vinicunca Yauricunca 6D/5N ...
Grant Thornton Brazil
Grant Thornton Brazil
BRAYZ | Rakuten Global Market: MONSTER ENERGY ...
BRAYZ | Rakuten Global Market: MONSTER ENERGY ...
Amr Diab - LookLex Encyclopaedia
Amr Diab - LookLex Encyclopaedia
سمكة دندشي | علم الأحياء البحرية في ليبيا
سمكة دندشي | علم الأحياء البحرية في ليبيا
CEO Pulse: Pulse on Crisis: PwC
CEO Pulse: Pulse on Crisis: PwC

Libya WebSites


Libya Wiki

Libya ( (listen); Arabic: ليبيا‎,), officially the State of Libya, is a country the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. The sovereign state is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, and is the 16th largest country in the world. Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over one million of Libya's six million people. The second-largest city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.Libya has been inhabited by Berbers since the late Bronze Age. The Phoenicians established trading posts in western Libya, and ancient Greek colonists established city-states in eastern Libya. Libya was variously ruled by Carthaginians, Persians, Egyptians and Greeks before becoming a part of the Roman Empire. Libya was an early centre of Christianity. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area of Libya was mostly occupied by the Vandals until the 7th century, when invasions brought Islam to the region. In the 16th century, the Spanish Empire and the Knights of St John occupied Tripoli, until Ottoman rule began in 1551. Libya was involved in the Barbary Wars of the 18th and 19th centuries. Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the temporary Italian Libya colony from 1911 to 1947. During the Second World War, Libya was an important area of warfare in the North African Campaign. The Italian population then went into decline.Libya became independent as a kingdom in 1951. A military coup in 1969 overthrew King Idris I. The "bloodless" coup leader Muammar Gaddafi ruled the country from 1969 and the Libyan Cultural Revolution in 1973 until he was overthrown and killed in the 2011 Libyan Civil War. Two authorities initially claimed to govern Libya: the Council of Deputies in Tobruk and the 2014 General National Congress (GNC) in Tripoli, which considered itself the continuation of the General National Congress, elected in 2012. After UN-led peace talks between the Tobruk and Tripoli governments, a unified interim UN-backed Government of National Accord was established in 2015, and the GNC disbanded to support it. Parts of Libya remain outside either government's control, with various Islamist, rebel and tribal militias administering some areas. As of July 2017, talks are still ongoing between the GNA and the Tobruk-based authorities to end the strife and unify the divided establishments of the state, including the Libyan National Army and the Central Bank of Libya.Libya is a member of the United Nations (since 1955), the Non-Aligned Movement, the Arab League, the OIC and OPEC. The country's official religion is Islam, with 96.6% of the Libyan population being Sunni Muslims.