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Papua New Guinea NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Thu, 17 Jan 2019 20:23:22 GMTGoogle News
In Papua New Guinea, Exxon's giant LNG project fuels frustration  Channel NewsAsia

From her red-roofed home near Papua New Guinea's capital of Port Moresby, Isabelle Dikana Iveiri overlooks a giant plant used by Exxon Mobil Corp ...

Channel NewsAsia
Flood victims along Minj River get help from IOM - Papua New Guinea  ReliefWeb

By TONY PALME. MORE than 2000 people living along the Minj River in Jiwaka received assistance from the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) on ...

In brief: Papua LNG project to put Papua New Guinea as leading LNG exporter, and other business stories  businessadvantagepng.com

Papua LNG project to put PNG as 4th ranking exporter, Abel proposes joint coastguard patrols, and one kina chocolate bar on sale locally.Your weekly digest of ...

Papua New Guinea  Planeta.com

Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. Recommended Listening Papua New ...

Nine dead in Papua New Guinea floods  Malay Mail

KOKOPO (Papua New Guinea), Jan 14 — Weeks of heavy rains and flooding have killed at least nine people in Papua New Guinea, with authorities warning ...

Malay Mail
Australia's Clearview Wealth says charges dropped against director in Papua New Guinea  Reuters

Wealth manager Clearview Wealth Ltd said on Monday that the criminal charge against independent non-executive director David Brown in Papua New Guinea ...

Challenge in PNG getting eruption warnings to victims - Papua New Guinea  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Papua New Guinea about Disaster Management and Volcano; published on 11 Jan 2019 by RNZI.

Volcano erupts on remote Papua New Guinea island  Channel NewsAsia

SYDNEY: One of Papua New Guinea's most active volcanoes has begun to erupt, authorities said Tuesday (Jan 8), pummelling villages on a remote ...

Channel NewsAsia
Avoid valleys on PNG's volcanic Manam Island - Papua New Guinea  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Papua New Guinea about Volcano; published on 10 Jan 2019 by RNZI.

Papua New Guinea hospital warns of mass burial of 150 bodies as morgue overflows  The Guardian

Port Moresby hospital director says one in five bodies are not collected by loved ones, creating a capacity headache. Kate Lyons. Tue 8 Jan 2019 00.25 EST ...

The Guardian
Earthquake info : M4.8 earthquake on Thu, 17 Jan 15:23:46 UTC / - 171km SSW of Lorengau, Papua New Guinea - 1 experience report  VolcanoDiscovery

Date & time: Thu, 17 Jan 15:23:46 UTC - 1546135461395 seconds ago. Local time at epicenter: 2019-01-18 01:23:46 +10:00. Magnitude: 4.8. Depth: 10.0 km

Earthquake measuring 6.2 strikes off Papua New Guinea  Reuters

An earthquake with an initial magnitude of 6.2 struck 148 km (92 miles) south of Rabaul island in northeastern Papua New Guinea on Friday, the U.S. Geological ...

A Highway Megaproject Tears at the Heart of New Guinea's Rainforest  Yale Environment 360

The Indonesian government is building a 2700-mile road network on the island of New Guinea, opening up some of the world's last great tropical rainforests to ...

Yale Environment 360
Shane McLeod on Papua New Guinea After APEC  The Diplomat

From November 17-18, Papua New Guinea (PNG) became the first Pacific Island country to host the annual gathering of leaders from the Asia-Pacific Economic ...

The Diplomat
When Papua New Guinea blazed a trail in Barrow  NW Evening Mail

WHEN Papua New Guinea trio Stargroth Amean, Wartovo Puara Jr and Willie Minoga make their debuts for Barrow Raiders this season they will follow in…

NW Evening Mail
US Provides Maritime Security for Papua New Guinea Summit  The Maritime Executive

U.S. Coast Guard servicemembers recently completed loading six small boats and accompanying equipmen...

The Maritime Executive
Manam volcano (Papua New Guinea) activity update: Another large explosion  VolcanoDiscovery

Another high-altitude plume to 50,000ft (15km) has been generated- 3 days after the last one. It remains to be seen whether or not this becomes a trend in ...

Papua New Guinea national cricketer Chad Soper an unlikely find as the Barramundis rise  ABC News

An Australia-based PNG cricketer is confident the Pacific nation can become a powerhouse of tier-two world cricket after its success in Hong Kong last month.

ABC News
Rockfire Resources relinquishes Mount Visi licences in Papua New Guinea  Proactive Investors UK

The company said following a review of past drilling, geology, accessibility, geophysics and geochemistry, it would relinquish the licences to focus on its assets ...

Proactive Investors UK
Papua New Guinea – Earthquake (GDACS, USGS) (ECHO Daily Flash of 20 December 2018) - Papua New Guinea  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Papua New Guinea about Earthquake; published on 20 Dec 2018 by ECHO.

Modern witch-hunts terrorise Papua New Guinea highlands  Channel NewsAsia

A crowd gathers near the home of mother-of-two Rachel in the Tsak Valley in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea - some curious, others appearing suspicious ...

Channel NewsAsia
Papua New Guinea's foreign relations in the era of Sino-American rivalry  The Strategist

Observers outside of Papua New Guinea may find it a somewhat puzzling exercise to try to pinpoint PNG's position on the current geopolitical manoeuvrings ...

The Strategist
PNG crime spree threatens Milne Bay economy  Radio New Zealand

A crime spree linked to notorious prison escapee Tommy Baker has companies in Papua New Guinea's Milne Bay province threatening to close.

Radio New Zealand
Cobalt 27 +15% on revised deal for part of Papua New Guinea mine  Seeking Alpha

Cobalt 27 Capital (OTCQX:CBLLF +15.7%) surges after announcing a proposed C$96M buyout of Australian-listed Highlands Pacific Ltd., which owns a stake in ...

Seeking Alpha
Papua New Guinea: Fruit growers want to bring back the quality of citrus  FreshPlaza.com

FreshPlaza is the number one portal for the *fresh* produce industry, offering the latest news, job advertisements, pricewatching, and photo reports.

Aviation medical examiners training  POST-COURIER

Australia and Papua New Guinea are working in close partnership to make aviation safer and more reliable in the country. From December 10-14, last year, ...

MOU signed for Wafi-Golpu copper-gold mine in Papua New Guinea  businessadvantagepng.com

Developers Newcrest Mining and Harmony Gold have signed a memorandum of understanding with the Papua New Guinea Government for the development of ...

Travel book author says more Aussies should visit Papua New Guinea  NEWS.com.au

I'm being scolded by the author of one of the world's most famous travel books because I don't know much about sing-sing.

Earthquake registering 5.9 rocks Papua New Guinea | Daily Star  Daily Star

PAPUA New Guinea has been taken by surprise with an earthquake hitting the North East of the country on Friday.

Daily Star
Australia is battling China for influence in the Pacific  The Economist

AUSTRALIA HAS always been proprietorial about what Scott Morrison, the prime minister, calls its “patch”—those millions of square miles of Pacific Ocean over ...

The Economist
Family reunited with lost war relic found in Papua New Guinea  Sunraysia Daily

Sunraysia's Ken Adams' family is overjoyed to be reunited with a lost family relic after being tracked down by a complete stranger, ending a mystery that ...

Sunraysia Daily
'Give them freedom' – PNG bishops denounce six-year refugee detention  Catholic News Agency

The bishops of Papua New Guinea have issued a renewed plea on behalf of the nearly 500 refugees and asylum seekers being held in indefinite detention in ...

Catholic News Agency
Maru supports Morobe's stand on no 'fly in fly out'  POST-COURIER

National Planning Richard Maru has come out publically to support the stance taken by the Morobe provincial government to oppose 'fly in fly out' arrangement ...

People warned to stay alert as rain will continue to May - Papua New Guinea  ReliefWeb

By TONY PALME and MICHAEL LAI. PEOPLE have been warned to stay prepared because although the weather is clearing in some parts of the country, the ...

Manam volcano (Papua New Guinea) activity update: New large explosion to 55000ft (~16.5km)  VolcanoDiscovery

Manam volcano news & eruption updates (Ring of Fire > New Guinea) / VolcanoDiscovery.

6.2 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes South of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea - USGS  Sputnik International

Papua New Guinea has suffered several strong earthquakes over the past several months, however, all the quakes have been registered off the coast of the ...

Sputnik International
Papua New Guinea Olympic Committee make donation to help with earthquake recovery effort  Insidethegames.biz

The Papua New Guinea Olympic Committee (PNGOC) has made a donation to the recovery efforts after a deadly earthquake in the country.

Family agree for late Canadian bishop to be laid to rest in Lae  POST-COURIER

BY NAOMI TAKOMA. UPNG Journalism Student. LATE retired Bishop for Lae Catholic Diocese Christian Blouin CMM was buried in Lae after his family agreed ...

Solomons emphasises diplomacy with Indonesia on Papua  Radio New Zealand

Solomon Islands is prioritising diplomacy with Indonesia when it comes to advancing concerns about West Papuan human rights. The Solomons Foreign ...

Radio New Zealand
We need better policies for development and service delivery  The National

THIS is an open letter to all our MPs in regards to the current scenario of developments taking place. Regardless of statutes and on which side of the house you ...

The National
Indonesia denies using white phosphorus in West Papua  The Guardian

Angry response comes after newspaper claims chemical weapon was used in the remote region of Nduga.

The Guardian
Tsiamalili says SHP has capacity to host 2020 event  The National

PAPUA New Guinea Sports Foundation chief executive Peter Tsiamalili Jr says Southern Highlands has the capacity and potential to deliver a successful PNG ...

The National
PNGDF 2019 Goals: Steering Committees to be established to oversee development programs  EMTV Online

The Papua New Guinea Defense Force will be establishing steering committees to oversee development programs throughout all PNG Defense Force ...

EMTV Online
Alliance Airlines to fly Brisbane-Port Moresby on behalf of Virgin Australia  Australian Aviation

Virgin Australia has transferred its Brisbane-Port Moresby *service* to Alliance Airlines in order to free up a Boeing 737-800 for its trans-Tasman network.

Australian Aviation
Inside Zombie Village, a New San Francisco Tiki Bar from the Bourbon & Branch Team  Eater SF

Former speakeasy-style Tenderloin bar Tradition has lurched back to life as Zombie Village, revamped by the Future Bars group (Bourbon & Branch, Rickhouse, ...

Eater SF
Rotary to roll out HPV vaccination  POST-COURIER

BY NATALIE CHOLOHEI. THE Lae Huon Gulf rotary club plans to roll out the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination campaign when the 2019 academic year ...

Ipatas downplays talk he could be PNG's next leader  Radio New Zealand

The parliamentary opposition is planning for a vote of no-confidence against prime minister Peter O'Neill early next month.

Radio New Zealand
K300m LO funds in safe hands: State  POST-COURIER

BY ISAAC NICHOLAS. An estimated K300 million of gas landowner benefit money is sitting at the Bank of Papua New Guinea ready to be released once the ...

Nautilus receives US500, 000  POST-COURIER

Deep Sea Mining Finance has lent Nautilus US500, 000 (K1.6m) to meet its short term funding obligations. According to Nautilus's corporate update this funding ...

Visa decisions showed 'hypocrisy': report  Newcastle Herald

Decisions made by Peter Dutton when immigration minister show the hypocrisy of Australia claiming to have a "non-discriminatory" immigration policy, according ...

Newcastle Herald
Case against PNG NASFUND official thrown out  Radio New Zealand

The Papua New Guinea District Court at Waigani has dismissed a criminal charge against the NASFUND chief investment officer, David Brown.

Radio New Zealand
Is Ancient DNA Research Revealing New Truths — or Falling Into Old Traps?  The New York Times

Geneticists have begun using old bones to make sweeping claims about the distant past. But their revisions to the human story are making some scholars of ...

The New York Times
National Planning Minister: Teachers without NID card will not be paid  EMTV Online

National Planning Minister Richard Maru says teachers who do not have a National Identity Card will not be paid.

EMTV Online
Oil Wildcats to Watch for Signs of Asia Drilling Rebound  Bloomberg

After a few fallow years, oil and gas drillers may be poised to unearth new reserves in the Asia-Pacific, according to energy consultant Wood Mackenzie Ltd.

Newcrest continues tech push with Interlate partnership  Australian Mining

Newcrest Mining has announced a partnership with Interlate, a productivity-focused services provider.

Australian Mining
What Does Socialism Have to Do with Sex?  The New Yorker

Rebecca Mead writes about Kristen R. Ghodsee's new book, “Why Women Have Better Sex Under Socialism,” which expounds on studies that suggest that East ...

The New Yorker
The 20-Year Quest To Track Down Every Bird-Of-Paradise Species Before They Vanish  Gizmodo Australia

Edwin Scholes has taken dozens of bush plane flights, helicopters and boat trips, and spent countless hours hauling gear up muddy mountains in New Guinea, ...

Gizmodo Australia
Way back when  Southside Times

By Stephanie Dolan. For more than 20 years, Arcadia Publishing has been connecting people to the past through an historical books and series designed to ...

Southside Times
The quest to find what's happening to Papua New Guinea's children  Cosmos

Nearly half of Papua New Guinea's infants are 'stunted'. Elizabeth Finkel accompanied a team of researchers who are trying discover why.

After APEC Meeting, Police Storm Papua New Guinea Parliament, Demanding Pay  The New York Times

Disgruntled police officers and other workers stormed the Parliament building in Papua New Guinea on Tuesday, breaking glass and overturning furniture as ...

The New York Times
Papua New Guinea Is Rich in Resources but Poor in Health  The New York Times

The Pacific nation hoped that hosting the APEC summit meeting would elevate its international profile, but a national health crisis threatens to overshadow it.

The New York Times
Concern over PNG plans for mining at Frieda River  Radio New Zealand

A planned new gold and copper mine in East Sepik is opposed by communities right along the length of the PNG's Sepik River, an environmental activist says.

Radio New Zealand
Fuel Tankers Help Highlight Illegal Fishing Hotspots  Hakai Magazine

Bunker vessels are one of the most connected ships at sea; tracking them could pinpoint clusters of illegal fishing.

Hakai Magazine
Bougainville ready to take part in NSL, spread hope  The National

NATIONAL Soccer League newcomers FC Bougainville are aiming to use their team as a tool for peace in the autonomous region, says coach David Passam.

The National
Fighting land corruption in Papua New Guinea  Transparency International

Betty, a resident of southern Papua New Guinea, is in a dispute over traditionally-owned family land which was passed on to her by her late father. Situated ...

Transparency International
Papua New Guinea unrest continues with gunfire in Port Moresby  The Guardian

Sporadic shooting comes after police officers stormed parliament over Apec pay.

The Guardian
‘It’s Time to Try to Change the Men’: Papua New Guinea’s Epidemic of Abuse  The New York Times

A loose network of makeshift shelters is straining to meet the need in a region where 80 percent of women say they have been beaten by a partner.

The New York Times
Papua New Guinea Government Criticized After Buying 40 Custom Maseratis  TIME

The government of Papua New Guinea has come under fire for deciding to import 40 luxury Maserati cars as it suffers from poverty and polio.

Polio outbreak in Papua New Guinea reaches capital Port Moresby  The Guardian

An outbreak of polio in Papua New Guinea has reached Port Moresby, with the first case in the nation's capital prompting an emergency vaccination campaign.

The Guardian
Canadian women's rugby sevens team opens against Fiji at Sydney Sevens  Lethbridge Herald

TORONTO - Canada has been drawn in a group with Fiji, Ireland and Russia at the HSBC Sydney Sevens. The Feb. 1-3 tournament is the third round of the.

Lethbridge Herald
Violence, looting in Papua New Guinea over police pay  Newshub

There's been violence and looting in Papua New Guinea (PNG), after security forces stormed parliament over not being paid for working at the APEC conference ...

Death of renowned conservationist Bernie Clarke OAM  St George and Sutherland Shire Leader

Bernie Clarke fought many campaigns to preserve the natural environment and beauty of Botany Bay and its surrounds.

St George and Sutherland Shire Leader
Papua New Guinea fights tuberculosis menace  Aljazeera.com

In the grip of a health crisis, Papua New Guinea could have spent money in a better way, say some.

Coalition's $16m Pacific labour scheme recruits just 83 workers in five months  The Guardian

Program aims to plug low- and semi-skilled staff shortages in rural and regional Australia.

The Guardian
First Maseratis, now Bentleys for Apec in Papua New Guinea  The Guardian

Further purchase of luxurious cars for regional summit in impoverished country is greeted with anger and disbelief.

The Guardian
Papua New Guinea hit by 7 magnitude earthquake  The Guardian

Quake hit 200km south-west of Rabaul, triggering a tsunami warning, while 6 magnitude temblor strikes Bali.

The Guardian
Lost in translation: Papua New Guinea wins the language Olympics  EWN

From Pii in the mist-cloaked highlands to Toaripi on the shores of the gleaming Coral Sea, Papua New Guinea is a linguist's paradise.

Papua New Guinea rejects US criticisms of Chinese 'Belt and Road'  The Sydney Morning Herald

Papua New Guinea's Foreign Minister has rejected the United States assessment that Chinese development money is “a constricting belt” and a “one-way road” ...

The Sydney Morning Herald
Papua New Guinea governor raises prospect of 'problems' for Australia-funded navy base  Reuters

PORT MORESBY (Reuters) - The governor of Papua New Guinea's Manus Island said on Friday he had not been consulted on a navy base to be built with ...

U.S. to counter Chinese internet bid in Papua New Guinea: diplomat  Reuters

The United States is working on a counter-offer to stop Chinese telecom giant Huawei Technologies Co Ltd [HWT.UL] from building internet infrastructure in ...

Papua New Guinea imports 40 Maseratis to transport Apec delegates  The Guardian

Papua New Guineans have reacted with anger at its government importing a fleet of Maseratis to drive international delegates around the Apec conference next ...

The Guardian
Remarks by Vice President Pence at Announcement of the Papua New Guinea Electrification Partnership  Whitehouse.gov

APEC Haus Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. THE VICE PRESIDENT: Prime Minister O'Neill, it is an honor to be with you here in Papua New Guinea for this ...

'Right on our doorstep': Papua New Guinea's health crises hit home  The Sydney Morning Herald

High maternal death rates. Tuberculosis. Polio. Leprosy. PNG is in the grip of multiple health crises – and that should worry everyone in Australia.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Apec summit in Papua New Guinea begins – in pictures  The Guardian

Chinese president Xi Jinping has arrived in the capital Port Moresby - the first of many foreign leaders attending the meeting.

The Guardian
Papua New Guinea Stands up to China – For Now  The Diplomat

The World Bank Country Report on Papua New Guinea (PNG), site of the just-held APEC Summit, calls the Pacific islands nation “one of the most diverse ...

The Diplomat
APEC: The summit held on a boat off Papua New Guinea  BBC News

The APEC summit is now underway in Papua New Guinea, but why are attending CEOs and other guests staying on cruise ships?

BBC News
Papua New Guinea: Australian and PNG leaders must act urgently to save lives on Manus Island  Amnesty International USA

The misery of indefinite detention in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is pushing increasing numbers of refugees and people seeking asylum to suicide attempts and ...

Amnesty International USA
The Report: Papua New Guinea 2018  Oxford Business Group

Although Papua New Guinea's macroeconomic slowdown, challenging business climate and falling global commodity prices have weighed on trade and ...

Oxford Business Group
Thousands hold 'Maserati strike' in PNG amid anger at Apec summit spending  The Guardian

Thousands of people have participated in a one-day strike in Papua New Guinea to protest against the purchase of a fleet of Maseratis by the government for ...

The Guardian
Calls for nationwide strike after PNG government buys 40 Maseratis for Apec  The Guardian

Opposition MPs urge protests against the purchase of millions of dollars worth of cars for Apec meeting.

The Guardian
'It's time to try to change the men': Papua New Guinea's epidemic of abuse  SBS News

More than two-thirds of women in Papua New Guinea will suffer abuse at the hands of their partner, according to a UN report.

SBS News
From arrows to M16s: Papua New Guinea tribal fights get deadlier  The Straits Times

PILIKAMBI, PAPUA NEW GUINEA (AFP) - Tribes in Papua New Guinea's rough and rugged highlands have fought one another for centuries, but a recent influx ...

The Straits Times
Exclusive: Chemical weapons dropped on Papua  The Saturday Paper

The Indonesian military has employed airstrikes in West Papua – suspected to include the banned chemical weapon white phosphorus – as a retaliation for ...

The Saturday Paper
Singapore delegation to attend summit in Papua New Guinea  The Straits Times

Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong will attend the 26th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec) Economic Leaders' Meeting in Port Moresby, Papua New ...

The Straits Times
Papua New Guinea island touted as potential base for US and Australian warships  Stars and Stripes

Papua New Guinea's Lombrum Naval Base was built by U.S. forces in 1944 on Manus Island, an 800-square-mile rock in the Bismarck Sea north of New Britain.

Stars and Stripes
Is Papua New Guinea really as dangerous as people say?  EJ Insight

Recently I made a trip to Papua New Guinea, the remote southwestern Pacific island country that is due to host the 2018 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation ...

EJ Insight
Leprosy was thought to be eliminated in Papua New Guinea – but it's back  devpolicy.org

Eighteen years after Papua New Guinea declared that leprosy was eliminated, it's back with a vengeance, writes Doug Hendrie.

Papua New Guinea declares APEC holiday  Radio New Zealand

The Papua New Guinea Government has declared November 16 a public holiday because of the APEC leaders' summit that is being held in Port Moresby.

Radio New Zealand
Australia, US Set to Expand Papua New Guinea Naval Base  USNI News

The U.S. has announced it will join an Australian effort to push back against China's expanding presence in South East Asia with the decision join in the ...

Papua New Guinea PM's firm won $32m contract despite 'serious irregularities'  The Guardian

A company owned by Papua New Guinea's prime minister, Peter O'Neill, won a $32m government contract to build bridges in the country via a process with ...

The Guardian

Papua New Guinea Videos

World's Most Dangerous Cities: Port Moresby (PNG) BBC Stories
World's Most Dangerous Cities: Port Moresby (PNG) BBC Stories
PAPUA NEW GUINEA, a tour of its disappointing capital of PORT MORESBY
PAPUA NEW GUINEA, a tour of its disappointing capital of PORT MORESBY
Future Sound Of London - Papua New Guinea
Future Sound Of London - Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea Overview
Papua New Guinea Overview
Papua New Guinea people and culture and rituals in Mount Hagen (pr 10)
Papua New Guinea people and culture and rituals in Mount Hagen (pr 10)
Papua New Guinea's Hidden Nun, from  Women of the World
Papua New Guinea's Hidden Nun, from Women of the World
Independence Day Papua New Guinea
Independence Day Papua New Guinea
Women. Love in Papua | Planet Doc Express
Women. Love in Papua | Planet Doc Express
Expedition around wild Papua and other islands
Expedition around wild Papua and other islands

Papua New Guinea Images

Birds of Paradise feathers absorb nearly all light | Daily ...
Birds of Paradise feathers absorb nearly all light | Daily ...
File:Oran facade maritime.JPG - Wikimedia Commons
File:Oran facade maritime.JPG - Wikimedia Commons
Pacific Media Association | Serving the Pacific Island ...
Pacific Media Association | Serving the Pacific Island ...
Australia Zoo review
Australia Zoo review
Mappa di Argentina - Cartina mappa di Argentina (America ...
Mappa di Argentina - Cartina mappa di Argentina (America ...
Bandeira Papua-Nova Guiné, Papua-Nova Guiné Bandeira
Bandeira Papua-Nova Guiné, Papua-Nova Guiné Bandeira
Cruises to Scotland | Aurora Expeditions
Cruises to Scotland | Aurora Expeditions
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Scuba Diving Resorts & Liveaboards
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Scuba Diving Resorts & Liveaboards
Wakatobi Snorkeling Tour - Coral Triangle Adventures
Wakatobi Snorkeling Tour - Coral Triangle Adventures

Papua New Guinea WebSites


Papua New Guinea Wiki

Papua New Guinea (PNG; UK: , US: ; Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.At the national level, after being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea established its sovereignty in 1975. This followed nearly 60 years of Australian administration, which started during World War I. It became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1975 with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in its own right.Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. It is also one of the most rural, as only 18 per cent of its people live in urban centres. There are 852 known languages in the country, of which 12 now have no known living speakers. Most of the population of more than 8 million people lives in customary communities, which are as diverse as the languages. The country is one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically. It is known to have numerous groups of uncontacted peoples, and researchers believe there are many undiscovered species of plants and animals in the interior.Papua New Guinea is classified as a developing economy by the International Monetary Fund. Strong growth in Papua New Guinea's mining and resource sector led to the country becoming the sixth-fastest-growing economy in the world in 2011. Growth was expected to slow once major resource projects came on line in 2015. Mining remains a major economic factor, however. Local and national governments are discussing the potential of resuming mining operations at the Panguna mine in Bougainville Province, which has been closed since the civil war in the 1980s–1990s. Nearly 40 per cent of the population lives a self-sustainable natural lifestyle with no access to global capital.Most of the people still live in strong traditional social groups based on farming. Their social lives combine traditional religion with modern practices, including primary education. These societies and clans are explicitly acknowledged by the Papua New Guinea Constitution, which expresses the wish for "traditional villages and communities to remain as viable units of Papua New Guinean society" and protects their continuing importance to local and national community life. The nation is an observer state in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN since 1976, and has already filed its application for full membership status. It is a full member of the Pacific Islands Forum (formerly South Pacific Forum) and the Commonwealth of Nations.