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Papua New Guinea NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Thu, 14 Feb 2019 09:42:51 GMTGoogle News
The curious case of aid concentration in Papua New Guinea  The Interpreter

The extreme concentration of aid from Australia to PNG stands out. It may be time for others to get involved.

The Interpreter
Papua New Guinea police want their 284 APEC luxury cars back  SBS News

Nearly 300 luxury cars used during the 2018 APEC summit in Papua New Guinea have not been returned by local officials.

SBS News
Polio returns to Papua New Guinea  Cosmos

Low vax rates blamed for a slew of new cases in recent months. Andrew Masterson reports.

Manus refugee wins award for exposing 'cruel' Australia policy  Aljazeera.com

Martin Ennals Award given to Abdul Aziz Muhamat, who has been advocating for refugee rights on Papua New Guinea island.

Papua New Guinea Commissions Patrol Boat from Australia  The Maritime Executive

The Papua New Guinea Defence Force has commissioned the first Guardian class Patrol Boat HMPNGS Ted...

The Maritime Executive
Papua New Guinea commissioned Austal-built HMPNGS Ted Diro  Navy Recognition

The Papua New Guinea Defence Force commissioned the first Austal-built Guardian-class patrol boat, the HMPNGS Ted Diro.

Navy Recognition
Digital entrepreneurs push Papua New Guinea forward  businessadvantagepng.com

They're creative, they're tech savvy and they're keen to share their stories. In the first of a three part series, Lisa Smyth speaks to six Papua New Guineans who ...

2018 Australia–Papua New Guinea Emerging Leaders Dialogue Outcomes Report  The Interpreter

The Lowy Institute hosted the sixth annual Australia–Papua New Guinea Emerging Leaders Dialogue from 4 to 6 December 2018 in Cairns, Australia.

The Interpreter
In Papua New Guinea, Exxon's giant LNG project fuels frustration  Reuters

From her red-roofed home near Papua New Guinea's capital of Port Moresby, Isabelle Dikana Iveiri overlooks a giant plant used by Exxon Mobil Corp to liquefy ...

Papua New Guinea digital entrepreneurs make strides in new and old media  businessadvantagepng.com

Young Papua New Guinea digital entrepreneurs are developing followings in film and podcasts. They are bringing something relatively new to the country.

The couple using natural skincare to help lift Papua New Guinea out of poverty  The Spinoff

Business is Boring is a weekly podcast series presented by The Spinoff in association with Callaghan Innovation in which host Simon Pound speaks with ...

The Spinoff
Papua New Guinea proposes foreign investment reforms  businessadvantagepng.com

Last month, the Papua New Guinea Government tabled the Foreign Investment Regulatory Authority Bill in Parliament. What is the bill designed to achieve and ...

Papua New Guinea's only radiation machine won't work, and the consequences can be fatal  ABC News

Papua New Guinea's only radiation machine has been out of action for more than two years. Cancer patient Marggeret died before her family could save enough ...

ABC News
How a priest found himself on the road to Papua New Guinea  The National

Father MAREK SOBOTTA, a Catholic priest from Poland, writes about how he found himself in Papua New Guinea. In August 2016, as I was driving my car, ...

The National
Explorer who went missing in Papua New Guinea will tell tales of jungle adventure at Aberdeen University  Press and Journal

A courageous adventurer who hit headlines across the globe after he went missing in the jungles of Papua New Guinea will return to his old university in ...

Press and Journal
Papua New Guinea Clans Unite Against Exxon | OilPrice.com  OilPrice.com

Papuan landowners and communities in the vicinity of Exxon's Papua New Guinea LNG project are growing increasingly disgruntled about how the company ...

Is This Amelia Earhart's Plane? Debris from Wreck Found Off Papua New Guinea  Live Science

Is a plane wreck encrusted with coral in Papua New Guinea actually Amelia Earhart's Electra?

Live Science
Refugee detained in Papua New Guinea wins Australia's richest literary prize  Channel NewsAsia

SYDNEY: An Iranian asylum-seeker detained in Papua New Guinea under Australian asylum laws has won Australia's most valuable literary prize for a ...

Channel NewsAsia
Earthquake-Affected Community in Papua New Guinea Gets Access to Safe Drinking Water - Papua New Guinea  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Papua New Guinea about Water Sanitation Hygiene, Children, Women, Earthquake and Land Slide; published on 29 Jan ...

Amelia Earhart discovery? Researchers eye Papua New Guinea ‘wreck site’  The Mercury

Researchers say that a site in Papua New Guinea may contain the long-lost remains of Amelia Earharts plane.

The Mercury
Papua New Guinea's foreign exchange and budget situation improving, says central bank Governor  businessadvantagepng.com

The Governor of the Bank of Papua New Guinea, Loi Bakani, says the foreign exchange market is on track to return to normalcy. In an exclusive interview with ...

Sevens: Papua New Guinea set up easy try for France in a moment to forget at Sydney Sevens  New Zealand Herald

There are brilliant moments in sport which teams cherish, but there are also always moments they'd rather forget. The Papua New Guinea Women's Sevens side ...

New Zealand Herald
Manam volcano in Papua New Guinea erupts, spews massive ash cloud into the sky  AccuWeather.com

An eruption of the Manam volcano sent ash into the air for nearby communities in Papua New Guinea on Wednesday, Jan. 23.

Clues of Amelia Earhart's fate uncovered in Papua New Guinea plane wreckage  New Zealand Herald

Might divers have finally uncovered the lost pioneering aviator's plane?

New Zealand Herald
Mysterious wreck discovered off Papua New Guinea 'could be Amelia Earhart's PLANE'  Mirror Online

Researchers are investigating a mysterious wreck off the coast of Papua New Guinea, which they believe could be the famous pilot's lost plane.

Mirror Online
Found at Last? Amelia Earhart's Plane May Be in Papua New Guinea Waters (PHOTOS)  Sputnik International

Researchers with Project Blue Angel are preparing to continue their investigation this year of an aircraft crash site off the coast of Papua New Guinea's Buka ...

Sputnik International
Papua New Guinea Is Rich in Resources but Poor in Health  The New York Times

The Pacific nation hoped that hosting the APEC summit meeting would elevate its international profile, but a national health crisis threatens to overshadow it.

The New York Times
Papua New Guinea security forces attack parliament in row over Apec pay  The Guardian

Officers are believed to be angry over unpaid allowances from the Apec conference over the weekend.

The Guardian
Papua New Guinea unrest continues with gunfire in Port Moresby  The Guardian

Sporadic shooting comes after police officers stormed parliament over Apec pay.

The Guardian
The quest to find what's happening to Papua New Guinea's children  Cosmos

Nearly half of Papua New Guinea's infants are 'stunted'. Elizabeth Finkel accompanied a team of researchers who are trying discover why.

Papua New Guinea hospital warns of mass burial of 150 bodies as morgue overflows  The Guardian

Port Moresby hospital director says one in five bodies are not collected by loved ones, creating a capacity headache. Kate Lyons. Tue 8 Jan 2019 00.25 EST ...

The Guardian
‘It’s Time to Try to Change the Men’: Papua New Guinea’s Epidemic of Abuse  The New York Times

A loose network of makeshift shelters is straining to meet the need in a region where 80 percent of women say they have been beaten by a partner.

The New York Times
Papua New Guinea Government Criticized After Buying 40 Custom Maseratis  TIME

The government of Papua New Guinea has come under fire for deciding to import 40 luxury Maserati cars as it suffers from poverty and polio.

Polio outbreak in Papua New Guinea reaches capital Port Moresby  The Guardian

An outbreak of polio in Papua New Guinea has reached Port Moresby, with the first case in the nation's capital prompting an emergency vaccination campaign.

The Guardian
Violence, looting in Papua New Guinea over police pay  Newshub

There's been violence and looting in Papua New Guinea (PNG), after security forces stormed parliament over not being paid for working at the APEC conference ...

Papua New Guinea: Australian and PNG leaders must act urgently to save lives on Manus Island  Amnesty International USA

The misery of indefinite detention in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is pushing increasing numbers of refugees and people seeking asylum to suicide attempts and ...

Amnesty International USA
Shane McLeod on Papua New Guinea After APEC  The Diplomat

From November 17-18, Papua New Guinea (PNG) became the first Pacific Island country to host the annual gathering of leaders from the Asia-Pacific Economic ...

The Diplomat
Papua New Guinea hit by 7 magnitude earthquake  The Guardian

Quake hit 200km south-west of Rabaul, triggering a tsunami warning, while 6 magnitude temblor strikes Bali.

The Guardian
First Maseratis, now Bentleys for Apec in Papua New Guinea  The Guardian

Further purchase of luxurious cars for regional summit in impoverished country is greeted with anger and disbelief.

The Guardian
Is Papua New Guinea really as dangerous as people say?  EJ Insight

Recently I made a trip to Papua New Guinea, the remote southwestern Pacific island country that is due to host the 2018 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation ...

EJ Insight
Leprosy was thought to be eliminated in Papua New Guinea – but it's back  RACGP

Eliminated – but not eradicated. With the rate dropping below the World Health Organization's elimination threshold - one in ten thousand – the nation's ...

Fighting land corruption in Papua New Guinea  Transparency International

Betty, a resident of southern Papua New Guinea, is in a dispute over traditionally-owned family land which was passed on to her by her late father. Situated ...

Transparency International
APEC: The summit held on a boat off Papua New Guinea  BBC News

The APEC summit is now underway in Papua New Guinea, but why are attending CEOs and other guests staying on cruise ships?

BBC News
U.S. to counter Chinese internet bid in Papua New Guinea: diplomat  Reuters

The United States is working on a counter-offer to stop Chinese telecom giant Huawei Technologies Co Ltd [HWT.UL] from building internet infrastructure in ...

Papua New Guinea rejects US criticisms of Chinese 'Belt and Road'  The Sydney Morning Herald

Papua New Guinea's Foreign Minister has rejected the United States assessment that Chinese development money is “a constricting belt” and a “one-way road” ...

The Sydney Morning Herald
Papua New Guinea fights tuberculosis menace  Aljazeera.com

In the grip of a health crisis, Papua New Guinea could have spent money in a better way, say some.

Lost in translation: Papua New Guinea wins the language Olympics  EWN

From Pii in the mist-cloaked highlands to Toaripi on the shores of the gleaming Coral Sea, Papua New Guinea is a linguist's paradise.

'It's time to try to change the men': Papua New Guinea's epidemic of abuse  SBS News

More than two-thirds of women in Papua New Guinea will suffer abuse at the hands of their partner, according to a UN report.

SBS News
The Report: Papua New Guinea 2018  Oxford Business Group

Although Papua New Guinea's macroeconomic slowdown, challenging business climate and falling global commodity prices have weighed on trade and ...

Oxford Business Group
In brief: Papua LNG project to put Papua New Guinea as leading LNG exporter, and other business stories  businessadvantagepng.com

Papua LNG project to put PNG as 4th ranking exporter, Abel proposes joint coastguard patrols, and one kina chocolate bar on sale locally.Your weekly digest of ...

Papua New Guinea imports 40 Maseratis to transport Apec delegates  The Guardian

Papua New Guineans have reacted with anger at its government importing a fleet of Maseratis to drive international delegates around the Apec conference next ...

The Guardian
Papua New Guinea  Planeta.com

Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. Recommended Listening Papua New ...

Thousands hold 'Maserati strike' in PNG amid anger at Apec summit spending  The Guardian

Thousands of people have participated in a one-day strike in Papua New Guinea to protest against the purchase of a fleet of Maseratis by the government for ...

The Guardian
Papua New Guinea island touted as potential base for US and Australian warships  Stars and Stripes

Papua New Guinea's Lombrum Naval Base was built by U.S. forces in 1944 on Manus Island, an 800-square-mile rock in the Bismarck Sea north of New Britain.

Stars and Stripes
Singapore delegation to attend summit in Papua New Guinea  The Straits Times

Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong will attend the 26th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec) Economic Leaders' Meeting in Port Moresby, Papua New ...

The Straits Times
Provinces hit by unusual dry spell: Weather office - Papua New Guinea  ReliefWeb

By MICHAEL LAI. FIVE provinces which should by now be experiencing rain are continuing to have dry weather, according to the National Weather *Service*.

US to partner with Australia, Papua New Guinea on Manus Island naval base  ABC News

Vice-President Mike Pence has announced the US will partner with Australia and Papua New Guinea to redevelop the Manus Island naval base amid rising ...

ABC News
Calls for nationwide strike after PNG government buys 40 Maseratis for Apec  The Guardian

Opposition MPs urge protests against the purchase of millions of dollars worth of cars for Apec meeting.

The Guardian
Papua New Guinea Stands up to China – For Now  The Diplomat

The World Bank Country Report on Papua New Guinea (PNG), site of the just-held APEC Summit, calls the Pacific islands nation “one of the most diverse ...

The Diplomat
Papua New Guinea moves sick refugees from Port Moresby to Manus before Apec summit  The Guardian

Forced transfer comes as Catholic bishops call for Australia to resettle all 650 men before Christmas.

The Guardian
Coke's coffers crammed with kina as dollar crunch hits Papua New Guinea  Reuters

(Reuters) - Coca-Cola has mastered the business of getting its sweet, fizzy drinks into even the most isolated of Papua New Guinea's far-flung tropical islands ...

Remarks by Vice President Pence at Announcement of the Papua New Guinea Electrification Partnership  Whitehouse.gov

APEC Haus Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. THE VICE PRESIDENT: Prime Minister O'Neill, it is an honor to be with you here in Papua New Guinea for this ...

Papua New Guinea declares 9-month state of emergency due to riots  CNN

The Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea has declared a nine-month state of emergency in the country's rugged Southern Highlands province in response to ...

Papua New Guinea gov't says it won't pay for 40 luxurious Maserati cars  Wheels24

The Papua New Guinea government has taken delivery of a fleet of 40 luxury Maserati cars to drive world leaders around during a summit next month but has ...

GAR Article: Papua New Guinea faces claim over gas field  GAR

Spain's Repsol and its Australian partner Horizon Oil are to commence arbitration against Papua New Guinea over the state's attempt to terminate a US$300.

Papua New Guinea PM's firm won $32m contract despite 'serious irregularities'  The Guardian

A company owned by Papua New Guinea's prime minister, Peter O'Neill, won a $32m government contract to build bridges in the country via a process with ...

The Guardian
Papua New Guinea makes second stab at bond debut  Financial Times

Papua New Guinea, a resource-rich but under-developed “frontier” market, will begin talking with investors on Wednesday for a bond sale of at least $500m in its ...

Financial Times
Global Leaders Converge on Pacific Island—Just Don’t Ask Them to Stay There  The Wall Street Journal

Papua New Guinea, host nation for Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit, is plagued by crime, lacks sufficient hotel rooms.

The Wall Street Journal
US Provides Port Security for Papua New Guinea Summit  The Maritime Executive

U.S. Coast Guard *service* members are deploying overseas to provide port security for the upcoming As...

The Maritime Executive
Papua New Guinea declares APEC holiday  Radio New Zealand

The Papua New Guinea Government has declared November 16 a public holiday because of the APEC leaders' summit that is being held in Port Moresby.

Radio New Zealand
Volcano Erupts On Remote Papua New Guinea Island  NDTV News

One of Papua New Guinea's most active volcanoes has begun to erupt, authorities said Tuesday, pummelling villages on a remote island with volcanic rock.

How Papua New Guinea brought back polio  Radio New Zealand

In June, PNG became one of the few countries to buck an international trend towards eradicating polio. With 12 cases confirmed and as many as 100 suspected, ...

Radio New Zealand
Total signs MoU with Papua New Guinea for LNG project  WorldOil

Total and its partners ExxonMobil and Oil Search have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Independent State of Papua New Guinea ...

As Gas Boom Falters in Papua New Guinea, China Steps In  The Wall Street Journal

The South Pacific nation has increasingly turned to China after an Exxon-led gas project failed to deliver on an expected windfall, becoming the latest country to ...

The Wall Street Journal
With China rising, CNO praises Australian decision to expand naval base in Papua New Guinea  NavyTimes.com

Chief of Naval Operations Adm. John Richardson, who is visiting Australia for talks on regional security and the Indo-Pacific region, described the base ...

Earthquake measuring 6.2 strikes off Papua New Guinea  Reuters

An earthquake with an initial magnitude of 6.2 struck 148 km (92 miles) south of Rabaul island in northeastern Papua New Guinea on Friday, the U.S. Geological ...

Papua New Guinea volcano erupts, forcing villagers to flee  Reuters

SYDNEY (Reuters) - An island volcano on the north coast of Papua New Guinea erupted early on Saturday, forcing 2,000 villagers to flee from lava flows, the ...

International Rice Research Institute visits Papua New Guinea  EMTV Online

Photo: IRRI officials Dr. Balie and Dr. Johnson meet with Trukai officials at their rice…

EMTV Online
Violent postelection riots continue in Papua New Guinea  Aljazeera.com

Prime Minister Peter O'Neill has declared a state of emergency after a disputed election result triggered rioting in Papua New Guinea, casting a pall over the ...

Polio outbreak confirmed in Papua New Guinea  CNN

A polio outbreak has been confirmed in Morobe Province of Papua New Guinea, WHO reports; making it the first outbreak in 18 years.

Papua New Guinea: Polio Outbreak - Emergency Plan of Action Update n° 2 DREF n° MDRPG009 - Papua New Guinea  ReliefWeb

Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action: Following the remaining and discovery of new cases in August and September, the PNG health ...

White elephant seen in Papua New Guinea: it’s the Apec summit  South China Morning Post

With weeks to go before the annual Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec) summit in Papua New Guinea, the Pacific nation is putting the final touches on its ...

South China Morning Post
US Provides Maritime Security for Papua New Guinea Summit  The Maritime Executive

U.S. Coast Guard servicemembers recently completed loading six small boats and accompanying equipmen...

The Maritime Executive
'Right on our doorstep': Papua New Guinea's health crises hit home  The Sydney Morning Herald

High maternal death rates. Tuberculosis. Polio. Leprosy. PNG is in the grip of multiple health crises – and that should worry everyone in Australia.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Papua New Guinea Breaks Bond-Market Jinx  Wall Street Journal

Papua New Guinea kicked off its first U.S. dollar bond sale—its fourth attempt since 1999 to sell hard-currency debt, and a test of investor appetite toward the ...

Wall Street Journal
Papua New Guinea's Solicitor General sacked  Radio New Zealand

Papua New Guinea's Solicitor General has been sacked for "negligence" of duty that may have cost the state $US61 million.

Radio New Zealand
Papua New Guinea seeks second chance for dollar sovereign bond  Reuters

Officials from Papua New Guinea (PNG) will meet investors this week to promote a dollar bond offering of at least $500 million, its second attempt in two years to ...

Papua New Guinea Aims To Redefine Masculinity In A Way That's Nonviolent  NPR

The Pacific Island nation of Papua New Guinea faces one of the highest rates of intimate partner violence. A question for leaders there is how to stop violence ...

Bulk of timber exports from Papua New Guinea won’t pass legal test  The Guardian

Millions of tonnes sent to China, and from there to other countries as finished wood products, should be considered 'high risk'

The Guardian
WHO finds polio virus in Morata, Waigani sewage ponds - Papua New Guinea  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Papua New Guinea about Health and Epidemic; published on 27 Oct 2018 by RNZI.

From arrows to M16s: Papua New Guinea tribal fights get deadlier  The Straits Times

PILIKAMBI, PAPUA NEW GUINEA (AFP) - Tribes in Papua New Guinea's rough and rugged highlands have fought one another for centuries, but a recent influx ...

The Straits Times
Papua New Guinea – Earthquake (GDACS, USGS) (ECHO Daily Flash of 20 December 2018) - Papua New Guinea  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Papua New Guinea about Earthquake; published on 20 Dec 2018 by ECHO.

Bertie Ahern appointed to chair commission in Papua New Guinea  Independent.ie

Former Taoiseach Bertie Ahern has been appointed the chairman of the Bougainville Referendum Commission in Papua New Guinea.

Papua New Guinea Is Planning to Shutdown Access to Facebook for One Month, Report Says  TIME

Tired of fake accounts and pornography spread via Facebook, Papua New Guinea has become the latest country to take umbrage with the social media giant.

Papua New Guinea: Highlands Earthquake Dashboard (as of 1 October 2018) - Papua New Guinea  ReliefWeb

English Situation Report on Papua New Guinea about Agriculture, Education, Children, IDPs, Earthquake, Land Slide and more; published on 01 Oct 2018 by ...

Papua New Guinea national cricketer Chad Soper an unlikely find as the Barramundis rise  ABC News

An Australia-based member of Papua New Guinea's national cricket team is confident the Pacific nation can become a powerhouse of tier-two world cricket after ...

ABC News
Australia and Papua New Guinea Close in on Manus Island Base Deal  The Diplomat

Recent reports indicate that the Australian government is close to finalizing an agreement with Papua New Guinea (PNG) to establish a permanent Australian ...

The Diplomat
China's aid to Papua New Guinea threatens Australia's influence  The Guardian

China is increasing its sway with 'few-strings-attached' loans while Australia's aid is seen as paternalistic.

The Guardian
Duterte says PH ready to build schools for Papua New Guinea  ABS-CBN News

MANILA - President Rodrigo Duterte on Friday said the Philippines is willing to build schools for Papua New Guinea, as he vowed to help develop the Pacific ...

Papua New Guinea Wants to Ban Facebook. It Shouldn't  WIRED

The island nation is considering blocking Facebook for one month in order to collect information on fake profiles, pornography, and more. But the impact could ...


Papua New Guinea Videos

World's Most Dangerous Cities: Port Moresby (PNG) BBC Stories
World's Most Dangerous Cities: Port Moresby (PNG) BBC Stories
PAPUA NEW GUINEA, a tour of its disappointing capital of PORT MORESBY
PAPUA NEW GUINEA, a tour of its disappointing capital of PORT MORESBY
Future Sound Of London - Papua New Guinea
Future Sound Of London - Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea Overview
Papua New Guinea Overview
A Tourist's Guide to Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
A Tourist's Guide to Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
Independence Day Papua New Guinea
Independence Day Papua New Guinea
Expedition around wild Papua and other islands
Expedition around wild Papua and other islands
Amazing Facts About Papua New Guinea || पापुआ न्यू गिनी देश के रोचक तथ्य
Amazing Facts About Papua New Guinea || पापुआ न्यू गिनी देश के रोचक तथ्य

Papua New Guinea Images

File:Madang in Papua New Guinea.svg - Wikimedia Commons
File:Madang in Papua New Guinea.svg - Wikimedia Commons
Papua New Guinea – Charles Fourtree
Papua New Guinea – Charles Fourtree
File:National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka - Gill net ...
File:National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka - Gill net ...
Mumu in Kopeng:Papua New Guinea:World Travel Gallery
Mumu in Kopeng:Papua New Guinea:World Travel Gallery
Hindenburg Wall
Hindenburg Wall
Pterocarpus indicus Willd. | Ijok, Selangor, Malaysia ...
Pterocarpus indicus Willd. | Ijok, Selangor, Malaysia ...
Insect-Sale.com - Calodema mariettae - Calodema-mariettae ...
Insect-Sale.com - Calodema mariettae - Calodema-mariettae ...
Red-fronted Lorikeet
Red-fronted Lorikeet
Dendrobium dichaeoides Schlechter 1912
Dendrobium dichaeoides Schlechter 1912
Purple-bellied lory - Wikipedia
Purple-bellied lory - Wikipedia

Papua New Guinea WebSites


Papua New Guinea Wiki

Papua New Guinea (PNG; UK: , US: ; Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.At the national level, after being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea established its sovereignty in 1975. This followed nearly 60 years of Australian administration, which started during World War I. It became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1975 with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in its own right.Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. It is also one of the most rural, as only 18 per cent of its people live in urban centres. There are 852 known languages in the country, of which 12 now have no known living speakers. Most of the population of more than 8 million people lives in customary communities, which are as diverse as the languages. The country is one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically. It is known to have numerous groups of uncontacted peoples, and researchers believe there are many undiscovered species of plants and animals in the interior.Papua New Guinea is classified as a developing economy by the International Monetary Fund. Strong growth in Papua New Guinea's mining and resource sector led to the country becoming the sixth-fastest-growing economy in the world in 2011. Growth was expected to slow once major resource projects came on line in 2015. Mining remains a major economic factor, however. Local and national governments are discussing the potential of resuming mining operations at the Panguna mine in Bougainville Province, which has been closed since the civil war in the 1980s–1990s. Nearly 40 per cent of the population lives a self-sustainable natural lifestyle with no access to global capital.Most of the people still live in strong traditional social groups based on farming. Their social lives combine traditional religion with modern practices, including primary education. These societies and clans are explicitly acknowledged by the Papua New Guinea Constitution, which expresses the wish for "traditional villages and communities to remain as viable units of Papua New Guinean society" and protects their continuing importance to local and national community life. The nation is an observer state in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN since 1976, and has already filed its application for full membership status. It is a full member of the Pacific Islands Forum (formerly South Pacific Forum) and the Commonwealth of Nations.