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Poland NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Thu, 17 Jan 2019 09:26:42 GMTGoogle News
Poland, Take Action Now: Tell Negotiators to Oppose Article 13 and 11  EFF

Six years ago, Polish netizens thronged the streets to save Europe from ACTA, a US-originated treaty that would have imposed broad censorship and ...

EFF
Mayor's Killing in Poland Sparks Anger Against Hate Speech  VOA News

Poles are condemning power of hate speech to trigger real-life violence after slaying of popular liberal mayor, with many calling for stronger actions against ...

VOA News
Pawel Adamowicz: Murder on stage stuns a divided Poland  BBC News

The murder of the 53-year-old liberal mayor of Gdansk, Pawel Adamowicz, has left Poland in shock – and it has raised questions about its deeply divided society ...

BBC News
Mayor of Gdansk, Poland, dies after being stabbed on stage  NBC News

WARSAW, Poland — The mayor of a city in Poland died after he was stabbed in the heart on stage Sunday during the finale of a large charity event. Doctors ...

NBC News
Poland's 2019 budget designed to ensure inclusive growth: finance minister  thenews.pl

Poland's 2019 budget is designed to ensure broad-based, inclusive growth offering equitable opportunities for citizens, the country's finance minister has said.

thenews.pl
Poland cancels all concerts to mourn slain mayor  Slipped Disc

We understand that all concerts have been cancelled in Poland this Saturday, which has been declared a day of mourning for the assassinated Mayor of Gdansk ...

Slipped Disc
Huawei Arrest Puts Poland on a Diplomatic Tightrope  The Wall Street Journal

In the aftermath of Poland's bombshell arrest of an employee of Huawei for espionage, the country is trying to dial down tensions with China stemming from the ...

The Wall Street Journal
Polish MPs approve 2019 budget  thenews.pl

Polish deputies on Wednesday approved the country's budget for 2019, which expects the economy to grow a healthy 3.8 percent, with inflation targeted at 2.3 ...

thenews.pl
Poland selectmen to review ambulance service agreement  Lewiston Sun Journal

POLAND — Selectmen decided Tuesday to revisit the town's agreement to provide ambulance *service* to Mechanic Falls. Nearly $37,677 has been charged by ...

Lewiston Sun Journal
Poland's Przygoński 3rd in 8th stage of Dakar Rally  thenews.pl

Polish driver Jakub Przygoński finished third in the eighth leg of the Dakar Rally on Tuesday.

thenews.pl
Snow creates slick travel from Poland to Ukraine as Alps brace for avalanches, flooding  AccuWeather.com

A period of snow will blanket parts of Poland and Ukraine with *fresh* snowfall into Wednesday.

AccuWeather.com
Poland’s ruling party will exploit Gdańsk murder  POLITICO.eu

Law and Justice's call for national unity should raise alarm bells in Europe.

POLITICO.eu
Tennis: Poland's Świątek bows out of Australian Open women's singles  thenews.pl

Polish tennis player Iga Świątek has bowed out of the Australian Open women's singles after losing to Italy's Camila Giorgi in the second round.

thenews.pl
Tennis: Poland's Świątek bows out of Australian Open singles tournament  thenews.pl

Polish tennis player Iga Świątek has bowed out of the Australian Open singles tournament after losing to Italy's Camila Giorgi in the second round.

thenews.pl
In the wake of a political murder, the hate campaign continues  The Washington Post

The assassination of a liberal politician in Poland brings no respite from vilification by his enemies.

The Washington Post
Huawei Fires Employee Arrested in Poland on Spying Charges  The New York Times

BEIJING — The Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei has fired an employee who was arrested in Poland on charges of spying for the Chinese ...

The New York Times
In a Divided Poland, Pope John Paul II Is Claimed by All Sides  The New York Times

At a moment when Poland finds itself torn by political conflicts that are cast as an existential fight for the country's soul, the pope's legacy is just one more ...

The New York Times
Murder of Gdańsk mayor highlights Poland’s polarization  POLITICO.eu

WARSAW — The murder of Gdańsk Mayor Paweł Adamowicz lays bare divisions that are wider than at any time since Poland shook off communism three ...

POLITICO.eu
Soul-searching in Poland after deadly stabbing of mayor  The Times of Israel

Jewish groups warn that hatred is 'becoming more and more visible' and accepted in Polish political and social life.

The Times of Israel
Rallies across Poland pay tribute to slain mayor  thenews.pl

Rallies have been held in a string of cities across Poland in protest against violence and in tribute to a well-known mayor killed in a knife attack.

thenews.pl
No-deal Brexit: Poland and Czech Republic to allow Britons to stay if UK crashes out  The Guardian

Emergency laws being written to enable Britons to remain and work in the two countries in event of no-deal Brexit.

The Guardian
Poland 'must pay' for Huawei arrest: Chinese state-run daily  Channel NewsAsia

Poland "must pay" for arresting an employee of Chinese telecom giant Huawei for alleged espionage, state-run tabloid Global Times said on Monday.

Channel NewsAsia
Tehran files protest against Poland hosting 'anti-Iran' summit  Al Jazeera English

Polish diplomat says meeting not aimed against Iran, as Tehran threatens retaliation if Warsaw does not back down.

Al Jazeera English
Is Poland exploiting big power competition in Central and Eastern Europe?  Global Times

Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) has always been the stage for great powers to compete. British geographer Halford John Mackinder once said, "Who rules ...

Global Times
Poland denies cull aimed at wiping out wild boar  News24

Polish authorities denied any plans to wipe out nearly all Poland's wild boar to stem an outbreak of disease threatening its pork industry as petitions against a ...

News24
Medical marijuana goes on sale in Poland  Emerging Europe

Medical marijuana is now available – on prescription – in Polish pharmacies. “Until now, we had a law that allowed for the use of medical marijuana, but we had ...

Emerging Europe
Volunteers clearing trails in Poland Municipal Forest - Newswatch  Youngstown Vindicator

POLAND. A group of volunteers, including Mayor Tim Sicafuse and Councilman Anthony Lattanzio, has been clearing overgrown trails in the Poland Municipal ...

Youngstown Vindicator
Poland's prime minister accuses the EU of 'discrimination' between member states  CNBC

Poland's prime minister launched a heavy critique of the European Union, saying that Brussels can fail to treat different member states in a fair and balanced ...

CNBC
US plan to host Iran conference in Poland angers authorities in Tehran  The Independent

Angered by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo's announcement that Poland will host an international conference on Iran in mid-February, Iranian authorities on ...

The Independent
Poland lights a giant heart in tribute to slain mayor  The Advertiser

A giant heart made out of candles lit up a memorial in Gdansk honoring one of Poland's longest serving mayors who was stabbed to death at a charity event.

The Advertiser
Polish GDP likely grew around 5% in 2018: investment minister  thenews.pl

Poland's investment and development minister has said he believes data will show the country's economy grew around 5 percent in the final quarter and in 2018 ...

thenews.pl
Poland arrests three urging more deaths after mayor slain  Toronto Star

WARSAW, POLAND—Flags flew at half-staff and people signed condolence books at municipal buildings across Poland and in diplomatic missions abroad on ...

Toronto Star
Poland's Kaczynski cancels campaign appearance due to health problems  Channel NewsAsia

Polish ruling party chief Jaroslaw Kaczynski has cancelled a campaign event on Sunday ahead of European Parliament elections due to poor health, ...

Channel NewsAsia
Huawei sacks employee arrested in Poland on espionage charges  The Irish Times

Poland urges European Union and Nato to develop joint position on technology giant.

The Irish Times
Poland’s architecture scene is evolving from brutalism to brand new  Wallpaper*

Liebeskind and Foster lead revitalisation of Poland's architecture scene from bullet-marked apartment blocks and post-war brutalism to brand new residential ...

Wallpaper*
Poland's Future is Unwritten  Forbes

Three years working in Germany gave me the space and time to write a book on Poland's ruling party, Law and Justice (PiS), along with a group of academics ...

Forbes
'Escape Room' Fire in Poland Kills 5 Teenage Girls  The New York Times

In the game, players are locked inside a room or building and they must work together to escape simulated danger before time runs out.

The New York Times
Poland wants a fort with Donald Trump’s name on it  The Economist

POLES LIKE being reminded of the time they came to America's defence. Meeting his counterpart in November, James Mattis, America's now-departed defence ...

The Economist
Poland Is Trying to Make Abortion Dangerous, Illegal, and Impossible  Foreign Policy

Everyone knows someone who has had an abortion in Poland. But most of it happens underground. Under Poland's draconian abortion law—one of the strictest ...

Foreign Policy
Clashing With Europe Costs Poland  Bloomberg

The nationalist government in Warsaw is getting a glimpse of what it's like to lose powerful friends in the EU.

Bloomberg
Poland's wild boar cull prompts protests  Reuters

WARSAW (Reuters) - Hunters and activists have united against the Polish government's decision to cull most of Poland's wild boar population in an effort to ...

Reuters
Mayor in Poland stabbed on stage at major charity events, in very serious condition | Watch News Videos Online  Globalnews.ca

Warning: This video contains violent *content*. Discretion advised. A mayor in Poland is in very serious condition after he was stabbed Sunday at a large charity ...

Globalnews.ca
Matteo Salvini says Italy and Poland could build new Europe  The Guardian

Italy's far-right interior minister, Matteo Salvini, has said that Italy and Poland could trigger a “European spring” that could break the dominant “Germany-France ...

The Guardian
EU OKs Poland’s wild boar slaughter to fight swine disease  Washington Post

The European Union's executive body has supported Poland's massive killing of wild boar as a way of protecting farm pigs and meat production from the deadly ...

Washington Post
UK Nationals in Poland Post-Brexit Immigration Status  The National Law Review

Polish government draft act rules of residence for British nationals families living in Poland post-Brexit 12 months to obtain temporary or permanent residence.

The National Law Review
Poland: Market recovering, prices of industrial apples have doubled  FreshPlaza.com

FreshPlaza is the number one portal for the *fresh* produce industry, offering the latest news, job advertisements, pricewatching, and photo reports.

FreshPlaza.com
US to host Iran-focused summit in Poland next month  Aljazeera.com

US state department says global summit focused on the Middle East, particularly Iran, will take place on February 13-14.

Aljazeera.com
New family nurse practitioner at Poland Family Practice  Lewiston Sun Journal

POLAND — St. Mary's Health System announces the addition of Family Nurse Practitioner Julie Wilson to Poland Family Practice, 1230 Maine St. She brings ...

Lewiston Sun Journal
Three Reasons Poland's Ruling Party Could Lose In 2019  Forbes

Poland's ruling party, Law and Justice (PiS) faces two major challenges after three and half years in power in 2019, the first being European elections in May, the ...

Forbes
Poland, Carpathian Mountains brace for snow following another deadly weekend in the Alps  AccuWeather.com

A period of snow will blanket parts of Poland and the Carpathian Mountains with *fresh* snowfall from Tuesday into Wednesday.

AccuWeather.com
Tennis: Poland's Kubot into 2nd round of Australian Open  thenews.pl

Poland's Łukasz Kubot and Argentina's Horacio Zeballos have made it through to the second round of the men's doubles at the Australian Open Grand Slam ...

thenews.pl
Escape room fire: Poland closes 13 venues after five teenagers die  BBC News

Thirteen escape rooms have been closed in Poland after a fire in one of the venues killed five teenage girls. An owner of the facility has been charged with ...

BBC News
Contract signed for first stage of new line in southern Poland  Railway Gazette International

POLAND: Infrastructure manager PKP PLK signed a 180m złoty contract at Podłęże station on January 7 for design work for a new route linking Podłęże...

Railway Gazette International
Iran Iran says Poland conference divides Europe  Al-Monitor

Iran has condemned an upcoming anti-Iran meeting hosted by Poland.

Al-Monitor
Poland arrests Chinese Huawei employee and Polish national on spying allegations  The Independent

Poland has arrested a Chinese employee of Huawei and a Polish national involved in cyber business on allegations of spying, Polish media reported on Friday, ...

The Independent
Try Harder, Gazprom. Why Poland Could Choose LNG.  Forbes

The European natural gas market has become more liquid and diversified thanks to the advent of large-scale LNG exports. High prices that Poland and the CEE ...

Forbes
Security experts call for more US troops in Poland  thenews.pl

A task force of US security experts has called for a beefed-up American military presence in Poland, according to media reports.

thenews.pl
Poland's goal of ditching Russian natural gas bolsters American LNG and Trump's energy agenda  CNBC

Poland took another step towards weening itself off Russian energy supplies on Wednesday by signing a 20-year agreement with San Diego-based Sempra ...

CNBC
Polish airline LOT to fly to New Delhi  thenews.pl

Poland's state-owned airline LOT is due to launch a connection from Warsaw to New Delhi in September.

thenews.pl
Dublin schools pay tribute to 'lovely, happy children' killed by father in murder-suicide in Poland  Irish Examiner

A Dublin-based Spanish waiter killed his partner and two Irish born children in a murder-suicide in Poland just days before Christmas. Two Dublin schools have ...

Irish Examiner
Poland’s transformation is a story worth telling  POLITICO.eu

It's one of the world's most successful economies — just don't tell the right-wing government.

POLITICO.eu
“Fools in Warsaw”: Iran Slams Poland for Hosting “Anti-Iranian” Conference  Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs

On January 11, 2019, the governments of the United States and Poland announced plans for a “Ministerial to Promote a Future of Peace and Security in the ...

Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
Poland’s capitalist pioneers sell the family silver  Financial Times

Founders of companies formed after fall of communism find high valuations tempting.

Financial Times
Why are Poles unimpressed with Poland’s economic achievements?  Brookings Institution

Over two decades, Poland experienced the most stable high growth in the EU with an average rate of 3.7 percent a year, earning it the nickname of the ...

Brookings Institution
5 teen victims of Poland 'escape room' fire laid to rest together  WLS-TV

Officials joined relatives and friends Thursday for the funeral of five teenage girls killed last week in a fire that broke out at a recreational escape room in northern ...

WLS-TV
VW, Ford eye low-cost Turkey, Poland production to boost profits in lucrative van market  Automotive News Europe

VW may build Transit vans in Poland, while Ford could start output of the Transporter van in Turkey as both automakers establish a commercial vehicle ...

Automotive News Europe
The Taming of Poland's Far Right  The New Republic

Why the Law and Justice Party has pulled back from its Polexit proposal.

The New Republic
Poland upgrades border facilities to handle Eurasian freight boom  Railway Gazette International

EUROPE: Polish infrastructure manager PKP PLK has called tenders for the design of a planned upgrade of freight facilities at Terespol, on the Polish...

Railway Gazette International
Central bank pay scandal hits Poland’s ruling party  POLITICO.eu

Media says two of bank chief's aides earn big money.

POLITICO.eu
Poland: Help Save the Internet from the Copyright Directive  EFF

Six years ago, Polish netizens thronged the streets to save Europe from ACTA, a US-originated treaty that would have imposed broad censorship and ...

EFF
Poland is sliding into authoritarianism. Now we see if the E.U. can stop the drift.  The Washington Post

A law reverses a purge of senior judges from the Supreme Court, but more needs to be done to restore the judiciary.

The Washington Post
Poland's Coal Addiction: Changing Its Energy Plan Could Cut Emissions 40%, Save $19 Billion Annually  Forbes

The COP24 climate conference in Katowice, Poland played out against a coal-centric backdrop - but new modeling shows it could save $19 billion annually and ...

Forbes
Why is this Israeli Jewish scholar a willing poster boy for Poland's brutal distortion of the Holocaust?  Haaretz

It is with disbelief, and even sorrow, that we read the angry article in Haaretz by Dr. Daniel Blatman, a professor of history at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Haaretz
Poland’s coal plans are ‘absurd’, environmentalists say  Financial Times

The fossil fuel is projected to play big role in energy mix until at least 2040.

Financial Times
Crews respond to chimney fire in Poland  WGME

POLAND (WGME) – While the deep freeze continues, it's an important time to brush up on fire safety. Crews responded to a chimney fire in Poland this weekend.

WGME
Poland Scrambles To Wean Itself Off Russian Gas | OilPrice.com  OilPrice.com

In its pivot away from Russian natural gas, Poland has announced that it will be turning to United States-sourced LNG.

OilPrice.com
5 Teens Killed in Poland Escape Room Fire Laid to Rest Together  NECN

Officials joined relatives and friends Thursday for the funeral of five teenage girls killed last week in a fire that broke out at a recreational escape room in northern ...

NECN
US Testing Global Appetite for Anti-Iran Push at Poland Summit  Financial Tribune

The United States sees the planned global summit on the Middle East in Poland as a litmus test to gauge its allies' readiness to align themselves with anti-Iran ...

Financial Tribune
Poland and Lithuania agree to build undersea power cable  Reuters

WARSAW (Reuters) - Polish and Lithuanian power grid operators said on Friday they had agreed to build a high voltage direct current (HVDC) underwater cable ...

Reuters
5 victims of Poland escape room fire laid to rest together  The Associated Press

WARSAW, Poland (AP) — Officials joined relatives and friends Thursday for the funeral of five teenage girls killed last week in a fire that broke out at a ...

The Associated Press
Italy and Poland in talks on anti-EU league  EUobserver

Poland and Italy's right-wing rulers are to cement their "special relations" at a meeting in Warsaw, in what could make a new anti-EU league a major force in the ...

EUobserver
'We are witches': Clerical abuse scandal divides parishes and politics in Poland  Reuters

KALINOWKA, Poland (Reuters) - The former Catholic priest of the Polish village of Kalinowka is serving three years in jail for molesting five schoolgirls. But Marta ...

Reuters
Former Europe commander calls for larger Poland presence to blunt Russian ambitions  Stars and Stripes

Gen. Philip Breedlove, who led U.S. European Command and served as NATO supreme allied commander until retiring in 2016, warned in a new report that ...

Stars and Stripes
Poland Slams EU Leadership and Urges Changes in May Elections  Bloomberg

Poland accused the European Union of conducting hostile policies toward its largest post-communist member and urged changes to the bloc's functioning ...

Bloomberg
Poland arrests Huawei executive, former security official for alleged espionage  CyberScoop

Poland's internal security agency has arrested an employee of the Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei and a former agent of Poland's security services, ...

CyberScoop
Visit Picturesque Poland for less than S$600 one way.  The Independent

Picturesque landscapes, the best vodka, parties you won't forget and one of the most hospitable people are only a few of the reasons why visiting Poland should ...

The Independent
Poland's coal conundrum  Euronews English

In this episode of Insiders Euronews travels to Poland to look at the country's deadly dependence on coal.

Euronews English
France 'shocked' by Poland's 'sick man' attack on Macron  EUobserver

France's ambassador to Poland has said he was "shocked" by the Polish foreign minister's comments that France had become the "sick man of Europe". "I won't ...

EUobserver
EU IMPLODES: Hungary's Orban now throws weight behind Italy and Poland's ‘European SPRING’  Express.co.uk

Mr Salvini, who leads the nationalist, anti-immigrant League party, pledged to create a “new European spring” ahead of the European Parliament elections in ...

Express.co.uk
Strong winds, snow hit parts of Poland  thenews.pl

High winds lashed the country's northern regions, while snow paralysed much of southern Poland, Paweł Frątczak, a spokesman for the State Fire *Service*, said ...

thenews.pl
Poland's PMI hits new low  thenews.pl

Poland's Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) hit a new low of 47.6 points in December, down from 49.5 points in November, according to Markit, a provider of ...

thenews.pl
After fire, Poland Fire Department calls for chimney safety  Lewiston Sun Journal

POLAND — Crews from the Poland and Mechanic Falls fire departments responded Sunday afternoon to a chimney fire, prompting Poland Chief Tom Printup to ...

Lewiston Sun Journal
Poland's New Proxy Role For US – OpEd  Eurasia Review

The right-wing illiberal Polish government has appeased the Trump administration by agreeing to host a “ministerial” anti-Iran summit as part of the ...

Eurasia Review
Poland's Wałęsa praises Putin in interview with Russia's Sputnik: report  thenews.pl

Polish ex-president Lech Wałęsa has praised Vladimir Putin and deplored the state of Warsaw-Moscow ties in an interview with a Russian news agency, ...

thenews.pl
Poland marks centenary of uprising against Germans  thenews.pl

Poland's top officials on Thursday attended ceremonies to mark the 100th anniversary of the Greater Poland Uprising against German rule in the west of the ...

thenews.pl
'Start of a journey': CBRM partners with a city in Poland  CBC.ca

Cape Breton Regional Municipality and a city in Poland are now partners. CBRM Mayor Cecil Clarke and Mayor Roman Szelemej of Walbrzych were 5,000 ...

CBC.ca
Poland's global champions  Emerging Europe

From fashion to passenger vehicles, an ever-increasing number of Polish companies set up in the 1990s are prospering beyond their home market. We take a ...

Emerging Europe
Poland calls for some 'give' from Brussels on May's deal  Telegraph.co.uk

A senior EU minister has broken ranks over Brussels' refusal to offer concessions to help salvage Theresa May's Brexit deal.

Telegraph.co.uk
Avalanche danger in Poland's Tatra mountains  thenews.pl

The Tatra Volunteer Rescue *Service* (TOPR) has warned hikers to stay away from trails amid continuing snowfall. The snow cover on the Tatra's Kasprowy ...

thenews.pl
Will Sending More U.S. Troops to Poland Really Deter Russia?  The National Interest Online

No one is under any illusions that a few thousand soldiers will stop a move on Poland and the Baltics by the Russian military, which will enjoy the luxury of ...

The National Interest Online
 

Poland Videos

Poland. On Her Bike Around the World. Episode 21
07:29:54
Poland. On Her Bike Around the World. Episode 21
15 Things You Didn't Know About Poland
12:59:05
15 Things You Didn't Know About Poland
Poland is pushing the EU into crisis
12:00:03
Poland is pushing the EU into crisis
POLAND, how is it getting RICH? - VisualPolitik EN
18:30:00
POLAND, how is it getting RICH? - VisualPolitik EN
Picking Up Girls In POLAND!!
22:00:01
Picking Up Girls In POLAND!!
Wiktoria Gabor - \
09:28:13
Wiktoria Gabor - \"Roar\" - Przesłuchania w ciemno - The Voice Kids Poland 2
Kraków, Poland
18:11:17
Kraków, Poland
पोलैंड अकेली महिलाओं के देश // Poland Amazing Facts in Hindi
13:33:11
पोलैंड अकेली महिलाओं के देश // Poland Amazing Facts in Hindi
POLAND FACTS IN HINDI | सिंगल लड़कियों का देश || POLAND INFORMATION IN HINDI || POLAND GIRLS
14:30:01
POLAND FACTS IN HINDI | सिंगल लड़कियों का देश || POLAND INFORMATION IN HINDI || POLAND GIRLS
Holiday in Poland | 4K
22:34:13
Holiday in Poland | 4K
 

Poland Images

Poland Lottery – The Polish Lotto and The Polish Mini ...
Poland Lottery – The Polish Lotto and The Polish Mini ...
Flag of Poland - Wikipedia
Flag of Poland - Wikipedia
Poland Map
Poland Map
Poland Map and Satellite Image
Poland Map and Satellite Image
Polish Złoty Currency Spotlight: history, economy, CAD to PLN
Polish Złoty Currency Spotlight: history, economy, CAD to PLN
The Polish American Deli – The Man Who Ate South Jersey
The Polish American Deli – The Man Who Ate South Jersey
Klaustoon: Pimp my Warsaw | Architecture Here and There
Klaustoon: Pimp my Warsaw | Architecture Here and There
AUSCHWITZ & KRAKOW TOUR • XperiencePoland.com
AUSCHWITZ & KRAKOW TOUR • XperiencePoland.com
Polish cuisine - Wikipedia
Polish cuisine - Wikipedia
36 Hours in... Warsaw
36 Hours in... Warsaw
 

Poland WebSites

 

Poland Wiki

Poland (Polish: Polska [ˈpɔlska] (listen)), officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska [ʐɛt͡ʂpɔˈspɔlita ˈpɔlska] (listen)), is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk and Szczecin.Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russian Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic to the south and Germany to the west.The establishment of the Polish state can be traced back to AD 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented its longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin. This union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest (about 1 million km2) and most populous countries of 16th- and 17th-century Europe, with a uniquely liberal political system which adopted Europe's first written national constitution, the Constitution of 3 May 1791.More than a century after the Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century, Poland regained its independence in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles. In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Germany, followed by the Soviet Union invading Poland in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. More than six million Polish citizens, including 90% of the country's Jews, perished in the war. In 1947, the Polish People's Republic was established as a satellite state under Soviet influence. In the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1989, most notably through the emergence of the Solidarity movement, the sovereign state of Poland reestablished itself as a presidential democratic republic.Poland is a developed market and regional power. It has the eighth largest and one of the most dynamic economies in the European Union, simultaneously achieving a very high rank on the Human Development Index. Additionally, the Polish Stock Exchange in Warsaw is the largest and most important in Central Europe. Poland is a developed country, which maintains a high-income economy along with very high standards of living, life quality, safety, education and economic freedom. Poland has a developed school educational system. The country provides free university education, state-funded social security and a universal health care system for all citizens. Poland has 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 14 of which are cultural. Poland is a member state of the European Union, the Schengen Area, the United Nations, NATO, the OECD, the Three Seas Initiative, and the Visegrád Group.