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Ukraine NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Thu, 14 Feb 2019 14:09:49 GMTGoogle News
Canadian election observers arrive in Ukraine amid fears of Russian meddling  CBC.ca

The first waves of Canadian election monitors have arrived in Ukraine, as fears rise over Russian meddling in the March 31 presidential ballot.

In war-torn Ukraine, women get taste of combat training  Channel NewsAsia

Following the course, which includes learning how to fight with a knife and provide first aid, the women will be taken to a shooting range to hone their shooting ...

Channel NewsAsia
CBC: Canadian election observers arrive in Ukraine amid fears of Russian meddling  UNIAN

The first waves of Canadian election monitors have arrived in Ukraine, as fears rise over Russian meddling in the March 31 presidential ballot. "Election ...

Donbas update: Ukraine reports one WIA in past day  UNIAN

Russia's hybrid military forces in the past 24 hours mounted 10 attacks on Ukrainian army positions in Donbas, with one Ukrainian soldier reported as wounded ...

Measles cases have tripled in Europe, fueled by Ukrainian outbreak  Science Magazine

Measles cases more than tripled across Europe in 2018, and one country drove much of the surge: Ukraine. Nearly 83,000 cases of measles were reported in ...

Science Magazine
Ukraine: Comedian surges ahead in presidential election poll  Minneapolis Star Tribune

The latest opinion poll in Ukraine shows a popular comedian holding a strong lead in campaigning for the presidential election.

Minneapolis Star Tribune
Feb. 14, 10:32 am Ukraine's US diaspora commemorate 5th anniversary of EuroMaidan Revolution  Kyiv Post

WASHINGTON, D.C. — Ukrainian-Americans are commemorating the fifth anniversary of the end of the EuroMaidan Revolution, which ended after security ...

Kyiv Post
General Staff: Ukraine Army shifting away from Soviet-style training routine  UNIAN

Ukraine's Armed Forces are undergoing transition from Soviet-style mass training to individual "training of professionals," according to Deputy Chief of the Main ...

Kyiv's court rules to reinstate Suprun as Ukraine's Acting Health Minister  UNIAN

Kyiv's District Administrative Court has ruled to reinstate Ulana Suprun as Acting Health Minister of Ukraine. Thus, the court ruled to cancel the previous decision ...

Can Ukraine Gain Energy Independence? | OilPrice.com  OilPrice.com

Last month, Ukraine announced that it had exported its own natural gas to Europe for the first time in 15 years. Although the amount was small – practically the ...

Measles outbreak in Ukraine leaves 8 people dead  Global News

Skyrocketing measles rates in Ukraine are believed to be caused partly by vaccine refusal.

Global News
Ukrainian official: Hacking intensifies as election nears  Seattle Times

KIEV, Ukraine (AP) — Russian hackers are redoubling their efforts in the run-up to presidential elections in Ukraine, according to the head of Ukraine's ...

Seattle Times
Ukraine army in Donbas conducts drills to defend airfield from potential adversaries' assault force (Video)  UNIAN

The Ukrainian Armed Forces in Donbas, eastern Ukraine, have conducted military drills to defend an airfield from potential adversaries' assault force, as well as ...

Civilians 'continue to pay highest price' in Ukraine conflict, with peace prospects losing 'momentum'  UN News

Civilians continue to pay the highest price” arising from Ukraine's on-going conflict with separatist rebels in the east, the UN Deputy Emergency Relief ...

UN News
CAAi-led Consortium to Support Aviation Oversight Development in Ukraine  Associated Press

LONDON, UK / ACCESSWIRE / February 14, 2019 / CAA International (CAAi), the technical cooperation arm of the UK Civil Aviation Authority (UK CAA), is to ...

Associated Press
Ukraine ports eye larger share of Asia cargo – media  UNIAN-Economy

Seaports in Ukraine are working to grab an even larger share of containerized cargo moving to the European Union from Asia by further developing domestic ...

Ukraine to pay $15 billion of state debt 2019, says Finance Ministry  TASS

Internal debt payments will total $5.57 billion and foreign debt payments - 4.5 billion, another $5.4 billion is to be paid for servicing the internal and foreign debt.

Ukraine: Stuck Between A Comedian And A Hard Place  Forbes

Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko: I'll be back! The incumbent faces a comedic actor and Ukraine's most iconic woman leader on March 31.

MMA fighter arrested in St. Petersburg for alleged murder in Ukraine  Bloody Elbow

The athlete had been placed on the international wanted list for alleged murder and vehicle theft.

Bloody Elbow
Feb. 14, 9:34 am Kyiv suggests NATO arrange for separate assistance package for Ukrainian Navy  Kyiv Post

Kyiv has suggested NATO arrange for a separate assistance package for the Naval Forces of Ukraine, the Evropeiska Pravda ezine has said. “We have the ...

Kyiv Post
Putin’s Game Plan in Ukraine  Foreign Affairs Magazine

With presidential and parliamentary elections fast approaching in Ukraine, Russia sees a chance to return the country to its sphere of influence.

Foreign Affairs Magazine
'Shukai' – Kyiv, Ukraine  Atlas Obscura

Scattered across the western side of Kyiv is a collection of miniature bronze sculptures. Keep your eyes peeled, or you'll walk right past them.

Atlas Obscura
Hierarch of Russian Church in Ukraine puts pressure on priests joining new Orthodox Church of Ukraine  UNIAN

The Zhytomyr Diocese of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine (OCU) says Metropolitan Vissarion of Ovruch and Korosten, Hierarch of the Russian Church in Ukraine ...

Russian channel ruling upheld in Ukraine  Broadband TV News

Ukraine's Sixth Administrative Court of Appeal has upheld the final decision in the case concerning the rebroadcasting of Russian TV channels in the country.

Broadband TV News
Manafort continued Ukraine work in 2018, prosecutors say  The Washington Post

Prosecutors allege that Paul Manafort was working on Ukrainian political matters in 2018, after his indictment in the special counsel's investigation, and also ...

The Washington Post
Ex-U.S. envoy wonders whether Kremlin ever considered Ukraine could make own missiles after INF Treaty collapse  UNIAN

The failure of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty will open up possibilities for Ukraine do develop and deploy relevant missiles, according to ...

Restructuring the credit portfolio at State Savings Bank of Ukraine: a positive step in WOG financial history  Ukrainian News Agency

This is yet another proof of the company escaping the so-called WOG bankruptcy. Ekonomicheskiye Novosti online publication names this event a milestone for.

Ukrainian News Agency
It’s Time to Stand Up to Russia’s Aggression in Ukraine  Foreign Policy

Five years ago, Russia rolled into Crimea, orchestrated a swift and one-sided referendum, and annexed the Ukrainian territory. The West was blindsided by the ...

Foreign Policy
Ukraine’s ex-PM announces presidential bid  The Seattle Times

KIEV, Ukraine (AP) — Former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko, one of Ukraine's most popular and resilient politicians, has announced her presidential bid.

The Seattle Times
Ukraine's parliament backs changes to Constitution confirming Ukraine's path toward EU, NATO  UNIAN

The Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's parliament, has backed amendments to the Constitution on Ukraine's path to the European Union and NATO, according to an ...

Putin's Plan to Double Down on Venezuela, Syria, and Ukraine Could be Sending Russia Into Bankruptcy  Newsweek

In December, President Vladimir Putin called for Russia's economy “to enter another league.” But that priority is far from clear if one looks at where the Kremlin ...

Ukraine chooses first three finalists of national selection for Eurovision 2019 (video)  UNIAN

On Saturday, February 9, Ukraine held the first semi-final of the "Vidbir" national selection for Eurovision-2019. The three entries that made it to the finals were ...

Oligarchs and Their Media Outlets Influence Ukrainian Presidential Elections  The Jamestown Foundation

Five years since the EuroMaidan and “Revolution of Dignity” fervently rejected systemic corruption and graft, Ukrainian politics continues to experience ...

The Jamestown Foundation
The comedian running for president in Ukraine  BBC News

Polls suggest Volodymyr Zelenskiy, a comedian with no previous political experience, has become one of the frontrunners in Ukraine's presidential election.

BBC News
Two Britons arrested after sneaking into the Ukraine from Moldova in a BOAT  Daily Mail

It is not known why the two British men arrested near the Moldovan border had decided to cross into Ukraine illegally, as British citizens are allowed to enter the ...

Daily Mail
Interfax-Ukraine to host press conference 'Socio-Political Attitudes of Ukrainian Population: January-February 2019'  Interfax Ukraine

On Thursday, February 14, at 12.30, the press center of the Interfax-Ukraine news agency will host a press conference entitled "Socio-Political Attitudes of ...

Interfax Ukraine
Ukraine’s Ex-President Is Convicted of Treason  The New York Times

Viktor Yanukovych fled the country after being ousted in 2014. The case focused on his effort to hold onto power by asking Vladimir Putin to intervene militarily ...

The New York Times
UNIAN: Ukraine Cabinet partially unblocks work of health ministry  Kyiv Post

The Cabinet of Ministers on Feb. 13 partially unblocked the work of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, which had been paralyzed because of a court ruling ...

Kyiv Post
Ukrainian Parliament Adopts Law On Religious Communities' Affiliation  RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

The Ukrainian parliament has adopted a bill setting the procedure for changing the affiliation of religious communities in the country.

Staff of Ukrainian news website quits after change of ownership  Kyiv Post

Eleven journalists, including the chief editor, quit Delo.ua, a Ukrainian business news website, after its surprise sale to a businessman with controversial ...

Kyiv Post
Kremlin preparing scenario of new attack on Ukraine; Yanukovych taking part – expert  UNIAN

Political consultant Viktor Ukolov has said the Kremlin is preparing a pretext for intervention against Ukraine with the help of Ukraine's fugitive ex-officials. Ukolov ...

Russian Court Leaves Jailed Ukrainian Sailors In Pretrial Detention  RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

A Moscow court has prolonged the pretrial detention for 12 of 24 Ukrainian sailors detained by Russian forces who attacked three Ukrainian Navy vessels in the ...

UNIAN: Ukraine budget in January sees Hr 12.3 billion deficit  Kyiv Post

The state budget of Ukraine in January is reduced to a deficit of Hr 12.3 billion against a Hr 7.9 billion surplus in the same period last year, the finance ministry ...

Kyiv Post
25 years after Ukraine denuclearized, Russian aggression continues to rise  Brookings Institution

Twenty-five years ago this week, the United States, Russia, and Ukraine signed the Trilateral Statement and Annex, in which Ukraine agreed to transfer its ...

Brookings Institution
World’s largest unfinished aircraft hidden in Ukraine warehouse  9news.com.au

On the outskirts of Kiev in the Ukraine, sits a gigantic warehouse storing an extraordinary secret.

Poroshenko names Putin's mechanisms for undermining Ukraine's stability  UNIAN

President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko named the mechanisms Russian President Vladimir Putin seeks to apply to undermine Ukraine's stability, among which ...

Ukraine beefs up air defense amid massing of Russian troops near Ukrainian borders  UNIAN

The Armed Forces of Ukraine are beefing up their air defense while Russia has been massing its troops near the Ukrainian borders. The Chief of the General ...

Erdogan's Wrath Stretches To Ukraine, Leaving Turks In Fear Of Kyiv-Assisted 'Kidnapping'  RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

Yunus Erdogdu no longer goes outside his Kyiv-area home, terrified at the thought of becoming the next critic of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to be ...

Law firm that worked with Manafort in Ukraine admits to misleading DOJ  POLITICO

A prestigious New York law firm admitted to misleading the Justice Department about its work with Paul Manafort on behalf of the Ukrainian government and ...

Poroshenko announces bid for second term as Ukraine's president  Aljazeera.com

Poroshenko was elected in 2014 after mass protests forced out former president Viktor Yanukovich.

Ukraine's police chief expects massive provocation by Russia amid Ukrainian elections  UNIAN

Chief of the National Police of Ukraine Serhiy Knyazev says said that the Russian Federation will make attempts to destabilize the situation through massive ...

Ukrainian troops destroy IFV of Russian proxy forces in Donbas (Video)  UNIAN

Officer of the Ukrainian Armed Forces Anatoly Stefan aka "Stirlitz" has posted a footage showing Ukrainian troops destroy an infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) of ...

Ukraine on the Brink  Jacobin magazine

When the Soviet Union fell apart in 1991, its former republics' economies went into free fall. Ukraine — the most populous of the new states, after Russia — was ...

Jacobin magazine
South Korea's Posco Daewoo to take stake in Ukrainian grain terminal  Reuters

South Korean firm Posco Daewoo has agreed to buy a 75 percent stake in a new grain terminal in the Ukrainian Black Sea port of Mykolayiv, Ukraine's national ...

Operation Payback: Ukrainian volunteer tells of Ukrainian army's crushing blow on enemy positions in Donbas (Video)  UNIAN

The enemy command post, an anti-aircraft gun, and a military KAMAZ truck were destroyed in a targeted hit.

Court bans Ukraine's acting health minister from performing minister's functions  UNIAN

A copy of the relevant decision of Kyiv's District Administrative Court was posted on Facebook by leader of the Radical Party Oleh Liashko. The court has ...

There’s only one way to tackle Ukraine’s infestation of mines ... slowly  Euronews English

More than 1900 people have been killed or injured in eastern Ukraine by landmines or other unexploded ordnance. This makes the region one of the most ...

Euronews English
Antisemitism, neo-Nazism and the Jewish community in modern Ukraine  The Jerusalem Post - Israel News

One Ukraine brings to mind rampant antisemitism, Nazis, the Holocaust, nationalist marches with swastikas and SS symbols, more than 130 antisemitic acts in ...

The Jerusalem Post - Israel News
Ukrainian Stugna-P anti-tank missile destroys enemy armored vehicle (Photo)  UNIAN

The Ukrainian servicemen launched a guided missile from the Ukrainian Stugna-P anti-tank missile system at an enemy armored vehicle and destroyed it ...

Invaders kill Ukrainian soldier, suffer losses as Joint Forces return fire Jan 4  UNIAN

Russia's hybrid military forces mounted eight attacks on Ukrainian army positions in Donbas in the past 24 hours, with one Ukrainian soldier reported as killed in ...

Ukraine's top health ministry official advocates legalization of medical cannabis  UNIAN

Ukraine's acting health minister Ulana Suprun on Thursday stood up for the legalization in Ukraine of medical cannabis – the move already made by some ...

Ukraine's Shape-Shifter Takes the Stage Again | Need to Know  OZY

Embattled reformer Yulia Tymoshenko finally could become president on her third try.

Giuliani on criminality of Manafort sharing polling data with Ukrainian: ‘Give me a break’  POLITICO

People give out that internal polling data to impress people.“

South African and Ukrainian suspected of malaria rescued from container ship | Daily News  Independent Online

Durban - On Wednesday a 22-year-old South African man and a 28-year-old Ukrainian man were rescued from a container ship in off-shore of Durban after ...

Independent Online
Russian security chief warns Ukraine could lose statehood  TASS

MOSCOW, January 15. /TASS/. Secretary of Russia's Security Council Nikolai Patrushev has said that Ukraine could lose its statehood, if Kiev continues to ...

Russia deploys nuclear-capable ballistic missile launchers near Ukraine border, satellite photos show  Fox News

Satellite images shot Thursday and obtained exclusively by Fox News have revealed a new deployment of Isksander missile batteries and launchers near the ...

Fox News
2019: Ukraine-based Nigerian pastor reveals 34 reasons Buhari will win presidential election (part 1)  Legit.ng

Legit.ng News ☆ The pastor said President Buhari has not done the best that most Nigerians expected from him. But, if he is compared with the other candidate ...

Ukraine drafting papers to charge Russia's Zhirinovsky with encroachment on Ukraine's territorial integrity  UNIAN

The Prosecutor General's Office (PGO) of Ukraine has prepared a suspicion notice charging prominent Russian lawmaker Vladimir Zhirinovsky with ...

Ukraine's invisible voters  Open Democracy

In Ukraine, displaced persons from the Donetsk and Luhansk areas that are not under government control, as well as Russian-annexed Crimea, have no vote in ...

Open Democracy
Businessman Oniyama Commissioned Ukrainian Consulate to Liberia  Front Page Africa

Monrovia – Ukraine has opened its consulate on Liberian soil after years of absence. Report by Christopher C. Walker, christopher.walker@frontpageafriconline.

Front Page Africa
Former volunteer Ukrainian soldier challenges LGBT taboos  BBC News

The LGBT community in Ukraine is often under attack but one volunteer soldier has now gone public about his sexuality.

BBC News
Yulia Tymoshenko: A ghost of Ukraine's past  New Eastern Europe

Is Ukraine in need of a comeback by the “Gas Princess” and her not so transparent connections? January 21, 2019 - Ariana Gic - Articles and ...

New Eastern Europe
Finance ministry reveals Ukraine's borrowing target for 2019 - news economics  UNIAN

The Ministry of Finance of Ukraine this year expects to receive from external sources about US$4 billion in financing. The official noted that the Ministry of ...

Donald Trump campaign sided with Ukraine over Russia  Washington Times

To Trump campaign veterans, the stories surrounding the 2016 Republican Party platform debate on Ukraine have fed a myth as large as the Christopher Steele ...

Washington Times
Ukraine to seek Ukrzaliznytsia upgrade through Polish investment  UNIAN-Economy

Ukraine and Poland have agreed within a month to jointly develop projects for the development of the railway infrastructure across Ukraine, which could involve ...

Westinghouse to provide Ukraine with technology of nuclear fuel production  Kyiv Post

Ukraine has received permission from U.S.-based Westinghouse to use nuclear fuel technology in the construction of a plant, Ukraine's Minister of Energy and ...

Kyiv Post
Ukrainian Oligarch Scrutinized by Robert Mueller Was a Giuliani Client  Mother Jones

A Russian Ukrainian mogul who has drawn scrutiny from special counsel Robert Mueller has a business connection to one of the lead lawyers representing ...

Mother Jones
How Ukraine's “terrorist threat” is a real threat to civil rights  Open Democracy

Since 2014, people living in Ukraine's Donetsk and Luhansk regions have had limited voting rights in both national and local elections. And there is now a ...

Open Democracy
Maryan Shved: Celtic medical for Karpaty Lviv's Ukraine winger  BBC Sport

Ukraine winger Maryan Shved is closer to joining Celtic, with manager Brendan Rodgers confirming the 21-year-old is having a medical.

BBC Sport
Ukraine's antitrust agency: DTEK not considered monopolist - news economics  UNIAN-Economy

Head of the Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine (AMCU) Yuriy Terentyev says the committee does not consider Ukraine's largest private energy holding DTEK ...

Ukraine's international reserves remain at five-year high  UNIAN-Economy

Ukraine's international reserves as of the beginning of February 2019 remained at a five-year high estimated at $20.8 billion. The Central Bank replenished ...

Out of season, out of pocket in Ukraine's Kherson region  Open Democracy

Ukraine's southern region of Kherson is known for its agricultural produce. But out of season, life is hard. RU. Photo courtesy of the author. All rights reserved.

Open Democracy
Gas transit via Ukraine 25.7% up in Jan 2019 - news economics  UNIAN-Economy

Transit shipments of natural gas through the Ukrainian gas transmission system (GTS) in January 2019 grew by 25.7% year-over-year (y-o-y), to 7.6 billion cubic ...

US charges Ukrainian for SEC 2016 hack, others for insider trading  ZDNet

Hacker also participated in the notorious hack of three newswire services in 2014.


Ukraine Videos

Travel To Ukraine | Full History And Documentary About Ukraine In Urdu & Hindi | یوکرائن کی سیر
Travel To Ukraine | Full History And Documentary About Ukraine In Urdu & Hindi | یوکرائن کی سیر
Прямой эфир 112 Украина
Прямой эфир 112 Украина
Picking Up Girls In UKRAINE!!
Picking Up Girls In UKRAINE!!
On the frontline in Ukraine
On the frontline in Ukraine
Why You Should Care About War Between Russia and Ukraine | Russia Desk | NowThis
Why You Should Care About War Between Russia and Ukraine | Russia Desk | NowThis
यूक्रेन एक अनोखा देश // Ukraine a amazing country
यूक्रेन एक अनोखा देश // Ukraine a amazing country
Why Ukraine is trapped in endless conflict
Why Ukraine is trapped in endless conflict
Maidan. Ukraine. Revolution.
Maidan. Ukraine. Revolution.

Ukraine Images

Beautiful single Russian women Lyudmila from Ukraine ...
Beautiful single Russian women Lyudmila from Ukraine ...
Armut in Lübeck | Bettler in der Breiten Strasse | Jean ...
Armut in Lübeck | Bettler in der Breiten Strasse | Jean ...
wood carvings in Ukraine | Staircase in 2019 | Stairs ...
wood carvings in Ukraine | Staircase in 2019 | Stairs ...
Theater troupe of Odessa Opera and ballet theater
Theater troupe of Odessa Opera and ballet theater
Independence monument, Tulcea | Tulcea is a city located ...
Independence monument, Tulcea | Tulcea is a city located ...
DTB Cup 2007 gymnastics
DTB Cup 2007 gymnastics
Irina Yarotska 1
Irina Yarotska 1
Ruslan Lobanov (Lobanov) Photos / 500px
Ruslan Lobanov (Lobanov) Photos / 500px
Ibiza Beach Party
Ibiza Beach Party
The Slav Dance - Coub - GIFs with sound
The Slav Dance - Coub - GIFs with sound

Ukraine WebSites

Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна, translit. Ukrayina; Ukrainian pronunciation: [ukrɑˈjinɑ]), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a country in Eastern Europe. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world.
The conflict in eastern Ukraine is in danger of escalating, threatening to exacerbate an already precarious humanitarian crisis, a United Nations official warned. “Military advance positions on ...
Login to shop for Deals and books or to chat. KIEV, Ukraine (AP) — Eight people have died of measles in Ukraine since the start of the year, already half as many as died in the whole of 2018 ...
In April 2015, a formal decommunization process started in Ukraine after laws were approved which, among other acts, outlawed communist symbols.. On 15 May 2015, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a set of laws that started a six-month period for the removal of communist monuments (excluding World War II monuments) and renaming of public places named after communist-related themes.
Mariupol (Ukraine) (AFP) - In a gym in the Ukrainian port city of Mariupol, not far from the frontline with Russia-backed separatists, 20 women fall to the floor and pull back the rifle bolts of dummy Kalashnikovs. Next to them a bearded instructor in camouflage barks out orders: "Get on your knee ...
Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin has called for a discussion on the introduction of the Latin alphabet in parallel lines with the traditional Cyrillic one in the country. The minister ...
2004 - Ukraine: Ruslana - Wild Dances 2005 - Greece: Helena Paparizou - My Number One 2006 - Finland: Lordi - Hard Rock Hallelujah 2007 - Serbia: Marija Šerifović – Molitva
Relief. Ukraine occupies the southwestern portion of the Russian Plain (East European Plain). The country consists almost entirely of level plains at an average elevation of 574 feet (175 metres) above sea level.
UNITED NATIONS (AP) — A 2015 agreement to bring peace to Ukraine's volatile east remains largely unimplemented and civilians are paying the highest price, with more than 3,300 killed and 3.5 ...
President Petro Poroshenko, Ukraine. Manilo Dinucci Global Research. The day after the signature of NATO’s membership protocol with North Macedonia as its 30th member, Ukraine did something without precedent: it included in its Constitution the engagement to enter officially into NATO and the European Union at the same time.

Ukraine Wiki

Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна, translit. Ukrayina; Ukrainian pronunciation: [ukrɑˈjinɑ]), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a country in Eastern Europe. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Kiev. Ukrainian is the official language and its alphabet is Cyrillic. The dominant religions in the country are Eastern Orthodoxy and Greek Catholicism. Ukraine is currently in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed in 2014. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq mi), making it the largest country entirely within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world.The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the area was a key centre of East Slavic culture, with the powerful state of Kievan Rus' forming the basis of Ukrainian identity. Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including Lithuania, Poland, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia. A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire, and finally merged fully into the Russian-dominated Soviet Union in the late 1940s as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1991 Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union in the aftermath of its dissolution at the end of the Cold War. Before its independence, Ukraine was typically referred to in English as "The Ukraine", but most sources have since moved to drop "the" from the name of Ukraine in all uses.Following its independence, Ukraine declared itself a neutral state; it formed a limited military partnership with Russia and other CIS countries while also establishing a partnership with NATO in 1994. In 2013, after the government of President Viktor Yanukovych had decided to suspend the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreement and seek closer economic ties with Russia, a several-months-long wave of demonstrations and protests known as the Euromaidan began, which later escalated into the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that led to the overthrow of Yanukovych and the establishment of a new government. These events formed the background for the annexation of Crimea by Russia in March 2014, and the War in Donbass in April 2014. On 1 January 2016, Ukraine applied the economic component of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area with the European Union.Ukraine is a developing country and ranks 88th on the Human Development Index. As of 2018, Ukraine has the lowest personal income and the second lowest GDP per capita in Europe. At US$40, it has the lowest median wealth per adult in the world. It also suffers from a very high poverty rate and severe corruption. However, because of its extensive fertile farmlands, Ukraine is one of the world's largest grain exporters. Ukraine also maintains the second-largest military in Europe after that of Russia. The country is home to a multi-ethnic population, 77.8 percent of whom are Ukrainians, followed by a very large Russian minority, as well as Georgians, Romanians, Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Jews, Bulgarians and Hungarians. Ukraine is a unitary republic under a semi-presidential system with separate powers: legislative, executive and judicial branches. The country is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the OSCE, the GUAM organization, and one of the founding states of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).