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Yemen NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Wed, 13 Feb 2019 16:28:09 GMTGoogle News
Saudi Arabia, UAE, US, UK condemn Houthi's 'illegal interference' in Yemen's banks  Arabnews

JEDDAH: The US, Saudi Arabia, UAE and the UK issued have strongly condemned the Houthi's “illegal interference” in Yemen's banks. The Economic Quartet ...

Bathhouse in war-hit Yemen offers relaxation - and rare water  Reuters

Yemenis go to the Fakhama Bathhouse in the capital Sanaa to relax with steam, scrubs and massages.

Why can't we talk about the UK sending arms to Yemen?  The Guardian

A Commons committee is scrutinising UK arms export controls – yet the Yemen conflict isn't even on the agenda.

The Guardian
Yemeni restaurant wins over Korean palates and hearts  UNHCR

Diner staffed by Yemeni chefs and waiters on South Korea's Jeju Island brings refugees and their hosts together over food.

Refugee who escaped Yemens civil war is bringing story to central Ohio  The Columbus Dispatch

Mohammed Al Samawi was born in 1986 in Sana'a, Yemen, to parents who were both physicians. He was raised Muslim and taught that Jews and Christians ...

The Columbus Dispatch
Yemeni conjoined twins die without treatment abroad  Reuters

DUBAI (Reuters) - Conjoined twin boys born in Yemen who were in urgent need of treatment abroad died on Saturday, the health ministry in Houthi-controlled ...

Conjoined twins die in Yemen after appeals to take them abroad for urgent treatment fail  National Post

DUBAI (Reuters) — Conjoined twin boys born in Yemen who were in urgent need of treatment abroad died on Saturday, the health ministry in Houthi-controlled ...

National Post
Doctors plead for conjoined twins to leave Yemen for treatment  Aljazeera.com

Flights have been banned to and from Sanaa airport by the Saudi-led coalition at war with Houthi rebels.

Morocco freezes involvement in Saudi-led coalition in Yemen  Washington Post

RABAT, Morocco — Government officials say Morocco has stopped taking part in military action with the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen's war, and has recalled its ...

Washington Post
US senators call for new Yemen certification to protect civilians  CNN

US Sens. Jeanne Shaheen and Todd Young have sent a letter to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo ahead of a Saturday deadline for him to re-certify to Congress ...

Costa throws support behind Yemen resolution amid mobile criticism at home  Merced Sun-Star

Congressman Jim Costa, the Fresno Democrat, has backed a House joint resolution that could lead to the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Yemen. The move ...

Merced Sun-Star
Warsaw coalition seeks action on Iran and Yemen at Middle East summit  The National

US demands pressure on Tehran as foreign ministers gather in Poland.

The National
Yemen conjoined twins: Doctors appeal for help evacuating boys  BBC News

Yemeni doctors have appealed to the UN to arrange the evacuation of newborn conjoined twin boys who are in urgent need of treatment abroad. Abdul Khaleq ...

BBC News
Yemen war’s humanitarian catastrophe, in one chart  Vox.com

The Yemen war has led to thousands dead and millions hungry, thirsty, and displaced. An intelligence report shows how bad it is.

UAE arming Yemen militias with Western weapons - Amnesty  BBC News

The United Arab Emirates is recklessly arming militias in Yemen with advanced weaponry supplied by the US and other states, Amnesty International alleges.

BBC News
Pope Francis Calls For End to Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen  TIME

Pope Francis made an appeal for an end to the humanitarian crisis in Yemen before the first-ever papal trip to the Arabian Peninsula.

Fierce fighting in south Yemen after Houthi rebels blow up tribal leader's home  The National

Houthi rebels clashed with government forces in Yemen's Dalea province for a third day on Monday in a battle triggered by the insurgents blowing up the home ...

The National
UN: Yemen's Houthi Rebels Must Allow Access to Grain Silos  ວີໂອເອ-ລາວ (VOA)

The United Nations' humanitarian chief Thursday called on Yemen's Houthi rebels to give aid workers access to unused grain that could feed nearly 4 million ...

ວີໂອເອ-ລາວ (VOA)
The hidden victims of the Yemen war  BBC News

Yemen has been devastated by a conflict that escalated in 2015, when a Saudi-led coalition intervened after Houthi rebels seized control of much of the west of ...

BBC News
Yemen committed to settling existing debts  Arabnews

DUBAI: Yemen's government has said it remains committed to paying back loans to the Arab Monetary Fund (AMF) that were due in 2016, and once paid back ...

Trump Objects to Measure Ending U.S. Support for Saudis in Yemen War  U.S. News & World Report

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Trump administration threatened on Monday to veto an effort in the U.S. Congress to end U.S. military support for the Saudi ...

U.S. News & World Report
The Stockholm Agreement and Yemen's Other Wars  Lawfare

The ceasefire agreement is a rare piece of good news about Yemen, but it only addresses one of Yemen's several conflicts.

Yemen's warring parties meet on ship to discuss stalled troop withdrawal  Reuters

Representatives from both sides in the Yemen conflict met on a ship on the Red Sea on Sunday in a U.N.-led push to implement a stalled troop withdrawal from ...

H1N1 flu kills 139 in Yemen - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

SANAA, Feb. 12 (Xinhua) -- H1N1 flu has killed 139 people in Yemen's northern provinces since 2018, the local health authorities said in a statement on ...

Head of U.N. cease-fire mission unhurt as bullet strikes convoy in tense Yemeni city  The Washington Post

CAIRO — The top U.N. official overseeing a cease-fire deal in the strategic Yemeni port city of Hodeida survived a brief attack on his armored convoy on ...

The Washington Post
Yemen's warring parties reach compromise on Hodeida pullback  FRANCE 24 English

Yemen's government and Huthi rebels have agreed on a preliminary compromise for redeploying their forces from the port city of Hodeida, the UN said Thursday ...

FRANCE 24 English
Yemen's cancer patients suffer as clinics are closing  Aljazeera.com

There is only one cancer treatment centre which is nearby for patients in Hodeidah and surrounding areas.

UN Peace Monitoring Team in Yemen Attacked  VOA News

A U.N. team overseeing the truce in the Yemeni port of Hodeida came under fire Thursday. No one was injured when bullets struck an armored vehicle carrying ...

VOA News
Head of the UN observer mission in Yemen arrives in Sanaa to meet Griffith and the Houthis  Arabnews

DUBAI: Head of the UN observer mission in Yemen has arrived in Sanaa to meet Griffith and the Houthis, Al-Arabiya reported. The Yemeni government said they ...

Inside the al-Qaeda heartlands of Yemen  VICE

They shot randomly, destroying homes. If a man is indeed a member of al-Qaeda, the military should run after him and not come here and destroy civilian homes ...

UK gives £2.5m to help salvage Yemen ceasefire  The Guardian

The UN's increasingly fraught attempt to salvage a ceasefire in the Yemeni port of Hodeidah that could lead to a wider peace across the war-torn country is to be ...

The Guardian
Yemen's warring parties hopeful on prisoner swap as Hodeidah stalls  Reuters

AMMAN (Reuters) - Yemen's warring parties hope to deliver final lists of prisoners to the United Nations after talks in Amman on Thursday under an exchange ...

Conjoined Twins Stranded by War in Yemen Die  The Daily Beast

Conjoined twins stranded in Yemen because of the war there died over the weekend, officials said. The 2-week-old boys, who shared a torso, desperately ...

The Daily Beast
Yemen: UNHCR Operational Update, 8 February 2019 - Yemen  ReliefWeb

English Situation Report on Yemen and 2 other countries about Protection and Human Rights, Shelter and Non-Food Items, Children, IDPs and more; published ...

Aid group warns Yemen truce 'on verge of collapsing'  Aljazeera.com

International Rescue Committee urges the world to step up pressure on the warring parties to stick to their commitments.

Yemen conflict: Trump faces bipartisan move to end Saudi support  The Guardian

Newly empowered Democrats could force president to use veto to continue unpopular war.

The Guardian
Yemen ceasefire looks dire but is holding, says UN envoy  The Guardian

Yemen's fragile ceasefire is holding and Saudi Arabia remains intent on reaching a negotiated end to the four-year-old civil war, Martin Griffiths, the UN special ...

The Guardian
Yemen: Civilians Bombed, Shelled, Starved  Human Rights Watch

The Saudi-led coalition and the Houthi armed group engaged in a conflict in Yemen which have turned the country's humanitarian crisis into a full-blown ...

Human Rights Watch
Humanitarian workers still cannot access Yemen's Red Sea Mills: UN - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

UNITED NATIONS, Feb. 12 (Xinhua) -- The lack of access to Yemen's Red Sea Mills in the key port of Hodeidah by humanitarian workers is "a tragedy," ...

Impossible missions? The UN in Yemen and Syria  Aljazeera.com

UN officials and a German diplomat reflect on efforts to end conflict in Syria and Yemen and provide humanitarian aid.

Senators Seek to Punish Saudis Over Khashoggi Murder, Yemen War  Bloomberg

Legislation to punish Saudi Arabia for the killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi and for its role in the conflict in Yemen was introduced ...

Commentary: A vote to end US involvement in Yemeni Civil War - Delaware State News  Delaware State News

The Peace Seekers, a committee of Pacem in Terris, want to thank Sens. Tom Carper and Chris Coons and Rep. Lisa Blunt Rochester for their recent votes in ...

Delaware State News
Targeting Yemen | Watch S37 E6 | FRONTLINE  FRONTLINE

Safa Al Ahmad reports from Yemen, investigating the escalation of the U.S. fight against Al Qaeda through raids and its impact on civilians.

House Democrats to challenge Trump again on Yemen  POLITICO

House Democrats are renewing their push to cut off U.S. involvement in Yemen's bloody civil war, teeing up a direct challenge to President Donald Trump's ...

UK to attend US summit on Iran on condition of Yemen talks  The Guardian

The foreign secretary, Jeremy Hunt, has agreed to attend a summit organised by the US in Warsaw originally billed as an alliance to confront Iranian aggression, ...

The Guardian
CentCom faces questions about Saudi-led bombing campaign in Yemen  Tampa Bay Times

But it remains unknown how many aircraft or airmen from MacDill Air Force took part in the bombings, which have resulted in civilian casualties.

Tampa Bay Times
Pentagon watchdog to investigate Yemen refueling  DefenseNews.com

The Pentagon's internal watchdog will investigate military refueling missions in the Mideast and Africa after the U.S. undercharged allies by $331 million for its ...

Yemen: Security Council backs new mission in support of key port city truce  UN News

The Security Council unanimously voted on Wednesday in favour of deploying up to 75 observers to monitor a fragile ceasefire in Yemen's port city of Hudaydah ...

UN News
Yemen came in last of 146 countries on women's rights. So the UN gave it a prize  Haaretz

Yemen is outstanding at trampling on women's rights. It's hard to find even a grain of sense in the UN's decision to give this country the vice presidency of the ...

Turkish Red Crescent distributes food in Yemen  Anadolu Agency

''We want to alleviate to some extent the suffering of children who were orphaned during clashes,' says head of aid delegation - Anadolu Agency.

Anadolu Agency
Two explosions hit Yemeni capital Sanaa: Alarabiya TV  Reuters

CAIRO (Reuters) - Two explosions hit south of Yemen's Houthi-held capital, Sanaa, early on Wednesday, with one of them being an operation that targeted ...

Climate Change Profile: Yemen - Yemen  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Yemen about Climate Change and Environment and Contributions; published on 05 Feb 2019 by Govt. Netherlands.

Yemeni pet shop survives despite the odds  Reuters

In Yemen, where almost four years of war have brought millions to the brink of famine and ravaged the economy, Mourad Jamal struggles to keep his small pet ...

Turkish, international aid critical in Yemen  Anadolu Agency

Save the Children's Yemen director says situation getting worse - Anadolu Agency.

Anadolu Agency
Saudi Arabia's role in Yemen's stability praised  Arabnews

JEDDAH: Yemeni activists launched a loyalty hashtag campaign on social media thanking Saudi Arabia for sending fuel to help ensure stable power supplies in ...

FAO and EU join efforts to strengthen Yemen's capacity to monitor drivers of food insecurity and hunger - Yemen  ReliefWeb

As the fragile peace in Yemen holds and with serious food insecurity concerns persisting, the European Union (EU) and FAO have announced new EU funding ...

Houthi Movement Thanks Morocco for Withdrawing from Saudi-Led Coalition in Yemen  Morocco World News

The head of the Houthi movement, Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour has sent a message to Morocco's Head of Government Saad Eddine El Othmani, thanking the country ...

Morocco World News
GPM volunteers on humanitarian mission to Yemen  YemenOnline

Volunteers for the humanitarian aid mission dubbed #PeduliYaman organised by the Global Peace Mission (GPM) are all set for their 13-day humanitarian aid ...

Yemen's shattered food economy and its desperate toll on women  Oxfam America

The Geneva pledging conference must unlock financial and political commitments to meet the dire humanitarian needs, support the withering economy and ...

Oxfam America
Yemen's long road to the 2019 Asian Cup  The National

How a country wracked by civil war qualified to the 23 nation cup for the first time in 40 years.

The National
Yemen talks make 'important progress' on prisoner swap: UN  Times Now

Yemen's Saudi-backed government and Huthi rebels have made "important progress" during talks in Jordan on a troubled UN-brokered prisoner swap deal, ...

Times Now
MASAM Removes over 500 Houthi Mines in Yemen  YemenOnline

The King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSrelief) Project for Demining in Yemen, MASAM, removed 578 mines, planted by the Iran-backed Houthi ...

Facing targeted attacks, Yemen's Christian minority struggles to survive  Global Voices

Away from the media's spotlight in Yemen, the country's Christian minority is struggling to survive amidst an increase in targeted attacks. Religious facilities have ...

Global Voices
Yemen's Houthis Refute Pompeo's Accusations of Hodeida Truce Violations  Mintpress News

Mike Pompeo, while meeting with Saudi officials in Riyadh, accused the Houthis of violating a fragile ceasefire agreement in Hodeida, Yemen.

Mintpress News
Asian Cup news: AFC forced to delete insensitive Yemen explosion video  Goal

The Asian Football Confederation has deleted an insensitive social media post showing an explosion in the Yemen net from the Asian Cup match against ...

Horn of Africa and Yemen applauded for humanitarian and Yemen  YemenOnline

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has applauded the Regional Migrant Response Plan (RMRP) for the Horn of Africa and Yemen for ...

Dozens of Yemeni Judges Escape Houthi-Controlled Areas  Asharq Al-awsat English

Dozens of judges escaped from the Houthi-controlled Yemeni capital, Sanaa, to liberated areas with the help of the legitimate government, a Yemeni official told ...

Asharq Al-awsat English
Hitchhiking with a wheelchair in war-torn Yemen  Reuters

HAJJAH (Reuters) - Using a wheelchair in war-torn Yemen is not easy. To get to work each day, 26-year-old Yaarub Eissa rolls over dusty, bumpy roads and up ...

H1N1 flu kills over 130 in Northern Yemen over past year  MENAFN.COM

(MENAFN) H1N1 flu has murdered 139 people in Yemen's Northern provinces since 2018, the local health authorities stated in a statement on Tuesday.

BBC World Service - Newsday, The United Nations Urge all Sides in Yemen to Protect Civilians  BBC News

Eight people were killed at a camp for the displaced on Saturday.

BBC News
MSF slams Saudi-led probe into Yemen clinic bombing that sought to shift blame on the NGO  RT

Doctors Without Borders (MSF) has demanded the reopening of an investigation into the Saudi-led bombing of one of its clinics in Yemen. The organization ...

Yemen: Passengers Transport Overview - Djibouti - Aden - Djibouti, January 2019 - Yemen  ReliefWeb

A *service* provided by. ReliefWeb has been the leading online source for reliable and timely humanitarian information on global crises and disasters since 1996.

UN envoy reported ‘optimistic’ on Yemen cease-fire  Fresno Bee

Kuwait's U.N. ambassador says U.N. envoy Martin Griffiths "is optimistic" that a cease-fire in Yemen's key port of Hodeida is holding and that Yemen's ...

Fresno Bee
Two Blasts Hit South of Yemen's Capital Sanaa - Reports  Sputnik International

Two explosions have hit the south of Yemeni capital city of Sanaa, media reported on Wednesday.

Sputnik International
Ex-inmates: Torture rife in prisons run by Yemen rebels  Associated Press

MARIB, Yemen (AP) — Farouk Baakar was on duty as a medic at al-Rashid hospital the day a bleeding man was brought into the emergency room with gunshot ...

Associated Press
The ceasefire in Hodeida hasn't stopped bullets and starvation claiming Yemeni lives ǀ View  Euronews English

When a ceasefire in Hodeida came into force in December last year, there was hope for people living through the nightmare of Yemen's civil war. But hope has ...

Euronews English
Enough is enough. End the war in Yemen.  The Washington Post

The foreign powers intervening in Yemen couldn't care less about the country's people.

The Washington Post
Yemen's warring parties talk as 12 million suffer from 'severe hunger'  NBC News

U.N. officials don't expect rapid progress toward a political settlement, but hope for minor steps that would help to address Yemen's humanitarian crisis.

NBC News
What does the Stockholm agreement mean for Yemen?  The Washington Post

Last week, Houthi rebels and Yemen's government reached a deal. Can an imperfect agreement work in Yemen?

The Washington Post
In potential breakthrough, Yemen’s warring sides agree to halt fighting in port city  The Washington Post

RIYADH — The opposing sides in Yemen's civil war have agreed to a cease-fire in a port city that serves as a critical lifeline for humanitarian aid to the country, ...

The Washington Post
Yemen war: Fighting resumes at key port of Hudaydah  BBC News

Fighting has broken out in the Yemeni city of Hudaydah despite both the Saudi-led military coalition and Houthi rebels agreeing to halt offensives. Coalition ...

BBC News
Yemen: Rebels' Deadly Drone Strike Thwarts Peace Efforts  TIME

(SANAA, Yemen) — A rebel airstrike hit a Yemeni military parade outside the southern port city of Aden on Thursday, killing several troops from the Saudi-led ...

Yemen war: 'Milestone' peace talks begin in Sweden  BBC News

Peace talks aimed at ending nearly four years of civil war in Yemen, described by the UN special envoy as an important milestone, have started in Sweden.

BBC News
Yemen war worsens as US calls for ceasefire  Vox.com

The United States called for a ceasefire in Yemen, but the war has gotten worse, especially in Hodeidah, a vital port city.

The Only Way to End the War in Yemen  Foreign Affairs

The war in Yemen has been a disaster for U.S. interests, for Saudi interests, and above all for the Yemeni people. For three and a half years, Saudi Arabia has ...

Foreign Affairs
Yemen war: What will the new year hold?  BBC News

Peace talks led to breakthroughs, but distrust keeps the warring sides and their backers a long way from peace.

BBC News
Yemen war: Can ceasefire deal finally bring peace?  BBC News

Yemen's truce deal is fraught with risk, but it brings the country a step to closer to elusive peace.

BBC News
Analysis | Five reasons the crisis in Yemen matters  The Washington Post

Long overshadowed by conflicts and intrigues elsewhere in the Middle East, Yemen is increasingly hard to ignore.

The Washington Post
‘Immediate responses’ are needed to save lives in Yemen, U.N. and aid groups say  The Washington Post

The United Nations and aid agencies have stepped up their warning about famine-like conditions in Yemen, saying the civil war is putting more and more ...

The Washington Post
Yemen Cease-Fire Takes Effect: Why Now and What’s Next?  The Indian Express

The cease-fire, coming amid a surge of global attention on Yemen, got off to a shaky start. If it lasts, it could be a step toward peace.

The Indian Express
A brief history of America’s troubled relationship with Yemen  Brookings Institution

The United States has usually not had a Yemen policy—rather, its policy toward Yemen is a subset of its policy toward Saudi Arabia. This is especially true today ...

Brookings Institution
The good and the bad in the new peace agreement on Yemen  Al Jazeera English

The Stockholm Agreement marks a much-needed breakthrough on Yemen, but there are major issues with its provisions.

Al Jazeera English
In Saudi Arabia’s War in Yemen, No Refuge on Land or Sea  The Indian Express

Outrage over civilian deaths in Yemen has focused on airstrikes. But at sea, the Saudi-led coalition is suspected of attacking many fishing boats, killing dozens of ...

The Indian Express

Yemen Videos

Inside The Al Qaeda Heartlands Of Yemen (HBO)
Inside The Al Qaeda Heartlands Of Yemen (HBO)
KASE.O - YEMEN (Prod. EL ARKEOLOGO) VideoClip Oficial
KASE.O - YEMEN (Prod. EL ARKEOLOGO) VideoClip Oficial
Yemen’s Bloody War Could Get A Lot Worse (HBO)
Yemen’s Bloody War Could Get A Lot Worse (HBO)
Real reason US is in Yemen
Real reason US is in Yemen
Yemen - summary of 28 years of history
Yemen - summary of 28 years of history
The War in Yemen Explained
The War in Yemen Explained
Yemen - kids and the war | DW Documentary
Yemen - kids and the war | DW Documentary
Yemen War - Saudi Coalition Troops Stage a Daring and Dramatic Rescue Under Heavy Fire
Yemen War - Saudi Coalition Troops Stage a Daring and Dramatic Rescue Under Heavy Fire
Captan impacto de un misil contra un tanque gubernamental en Yemen
Captan impacto de un misil contra un tanque gubernamental en Yemen
Yemen's complicated war explained
Yemen's complicated war explained

Yemen Images

Al Hajjarah - Wikipedia
Al Hajjarah - Wikipedia
beautiful village with palm trees and mud-brick houses in ...
beautiful village with palm trees and mud-brick houses in ...
Paradise Holiday Destination, Socotra, Yemen, Bottle Tree ...
Paradise Holiday Destination, Socotra, Yemen, Bottle Tree ...
portrait of a Yemeni qat chewing-sana'a-yemen | Anthony ...
portrait of a Yemeni qat chewing-sana'a-yemen | Anthony ...
HMS Sheba - Wikipedia
HMS Sheba - Wikipedia
A man's cheek swollen with the ubiquitous qat in Taiz, Yem ...
A man's cheek swollen with the ubiquitous qat in Taiz, Yem ...
Cholera epidemiology and demographics - wikidoc
Cholera epidemiology and demographics - wikidoc
Dhu Nuwas - Wikipedia
Dhu Nuwas - Wikipedia
Fotoausstellung Quaqua
Fotoausstellung Quaqua
Sergej Marsnjak - Madagascar - Ranomafana - Tropical ...
Sergej Marsnjak - Madagascar - Ranomafana - Tropical ...

Yemen WebSites

Etymology. The term Yamnat was mentioned in Old South Arabian inscriptions on the title of one of the kings of the second Himyarite kingdom known as Shammar Yahrʽish II. The term was probably referring to the southwestern cosatline of the Arabian peninsula and the southern cosatline between Aden and Hadramout.
Yemen, officially the Republic of Yemen, is located on the southern edge of the Arabian Peninsula, bounded by the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea to the south, the Red Sea to the west, Saudi ...
Yemen, one of the Arab world's poorest countries, has been devastated by a civil war. Here we explain what is fuelling the fighting, and who is involved. The conflict has its roots in the failure ...
Yemen 28 Jan 2019 19:50 GMT. In wartime Yemen, children find solace in music. Much of the country lies in ruins, but the population of Yemen still has hope for the future.
Yemen: Yemen, an arid and mostly mountainous country situated at the southwestern corner of the Arabian Peninsula. This article provides a geographical and historical treatment of Yemen, including maps, statistics, and a survey of its people, economy, and government.
Military exports to Saudi Arabia should cease if we are serious about ending the four-year war that has killed 85,000 children
The Saudi-led coalition in Yemen launched a targeting operation in the Houthi-held capital, Sanaa, Saudi state TV reported on Saturday.
The Kingdom of Yemen (colloquially known as North Yemen) became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1918 and in 1962 became the Yemen Arab Republic.
More information about Yemen is available on the Yemen Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.. U.S.-YEMEN RELATIONS
Yemen Civil war and Saudi-led intervention news on live map in English

Yemen Wiki

Yemen ( (listen); Arabic: ٱلْيَمَن‎, translit. al-Yaman), officially known as the Republic of Yemen (Arabic: ٱلْجُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْيَمَنِيَّة‎, translit. al-Jumhūrīyah al-Yamanīyah), is a country at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. Yemen is the second-largest Arab sovereign state in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 square kilometres (203,850 square miles). The coastline stretches for about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 miles). It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Guardafui Channel to the south, and the Arabian Sea and Oman to the east. Yemen's territory includes more than 200 islands.Yemen's constitutionally stated capital is the city of Sana'a, but the city has been under Houthi rebel control since February 2015.Yemen was the home of the Sabaeans, a trading state that flourished for over a thousand years and also included parts of modern-day Ethiopia and Eritrea. In 275 CE, the region came under the rule of the later Jewish-influenced Himyarite Kingdom. Christianity arrived in the fourth century. Islam spread quickly in the seventh century and Yemenite troops were crucial in the expansion of the early Islamic conquests. Administration of Yemen has long been notoriously difficult. Several dynasties emerged from the ninth to 16th centuries, the Rasulid dynasty being the strongest and most prosperous. The country was divided between the Ottoman and British empires in the early twentieth century. The Zaydi Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen was established after World War I in North Yemen before the creation of the Yemen Arab Republic in 1962. South Yemen remained a British protectorate known as the Aden Protectorate until 1967 when it became an independent state and later, a Marxist-Leninist state. The two Yemeni states united to form the modern republic of Yemen in 1990.Yemen is a developing country and the poorest country in the Middle East. Under the rule of President Ali Abdullah Saleh, Yemen was described by critics as a kleptocracy. According to the 2009 International Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International, Yemen ranked 164 out of 182 countries surveyed. In the absence of strong state institutions, elite politics in Yemen constituted a de facto form of collaborative governance, where competing tribal, regional, religious, and political interests agreed to hold themselves in check through tacit acceptance of the balance it produced. The informal political settlement was held together by a power-sharing deal among three men: President Saleh, who controlled the state; major general Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar, who controlled the largest share of the Republic of Yemen Armed Forces; and Abdullah ibn Husayn al-Ahmar, figurehead of the Islamist al-Islah party and Saudi Arabia's chosen broker of transnational patronage payments to various political players, including tribal sheikhs. The Saudi payments have been intended to facilitate the tribes' autonomy from the Yemeni government and to give the Saudi government a mechanism with which to weigh in on Yemen's political decision-making.It is a member of the United Nations, Arab League, Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation, G-77, Non-Aligned Movement, Arab Satellite Communications Organization, Arab Monetary Fund and the World Federation of Trade Unions.Since 2011, Yemen has been in a state of political crisis starting with street protests against poverty, unemployment, corruption, and president Saleh's plan to amend Yemen's constitution and eliminate the presidential term limit, in effect making him president for life. President Saleh stepped down and the powers of the presidency were transferred to Vice President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, who was formally elected president on 21 February 2012 in a one-man election. The total absence of central government during this transitional process engendered the escalation of the several clashes on-going in the country, like the armed conflict between the Houthis rebels of Ansar Allah militia and the al-Islah forces, as well as the al-Qaeda insurgency. In September 2014, the Houthis took over Sana'a with the help of the ousted president Saleh, later declaring themselves in control of the country after a coup d'état; Saleh was shot dead by a sniper in Sana'a in December 2017. This resulted in a new civil war and a Saudi Arabian-led military intervention aimed at restoring Hadi's government. At least 56,000 civilians and combatants have been killed in armed violence in Yemen since January 2016.Saudi Arabia (since 2015) and the United States (since 2016) have blocked food imports, leading to a famine that is affecting 17 million people. The lack of safe drinking water, caused by depleted aquifers and the destruction of the country's water infrastructure, has also caused the world's worst outbreak of cholera, with the number of suspected cases exceeding 994,751. Over 2,226 people have died since the outbreak began to spread rapidly at the end of April 2017. In 2016 the United Nations reported that Yemen is the country with the most people in need of humanitarian aid in the world with 21.2 million.